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Week of 04/11 Notes

by: Alexis Reynolds

Week of 04/11 Notes HIST 1200 (History, Angela Bell, Survey of American History Since 1865)

Alexis Reynolds

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Covers notes of monday and wednesday
Survey of American History Since 1865
Steven Watts
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Reynolds on Friday April 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1200 (History, Angela Bell, Survey of American History Since 1865) at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Steven Watts in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Survey of American History Since 1865 in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.

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Date Created: 04/15/16
Movie  Korean conflict  Creation of hydrogen and atomic bomb  Communism Suburban Sprawl: Society and Sensibility in the 1950’s I: A People of Plenty II: American Families III: TV Culture IV: Dissenting Voices Terms Asphyxiation “Leave It to Beaver” GI Bill Westerns ITT “I Love Lucy” AFL-CIO Dwight MacDonald Suburban Ideal Elvis Presley Baby Boom Beat Generation Benjamin Spock, Baby and Child Care James Dean  Define American way of life that was defended in Cold War against communism  Thesis: 1) On surface, there was a powerful sense of conformity that evolved around middle class (consumerism). 2) Beneath surface, there was uneasiness in consumerism and conformity.  Sense of asphyxiation (power to breath) I: A People of Plenty  Abundance o Seen everywhere in 1950’s  1950’s o Rise in standard living o Rise in comfort of consumer life o People had everything (materialistic)  Stereotypes o Comfortable houses in suburbs o Large/flashy automobile (Detroit) o BBQ’s in backyards o PTA’s o Sock hops  Reality behind stereotypes  GI Bill o Far reaching piece of legislation o Passed at end of World War 2 o Congress looked and anticipated problems  Anticipated that soldiers/marines would be pouring back into domestic life o Attempt to deal with problems and ease transition of soldiers back into domestic life o Made an economic safety net for soldiers o Had unemployment for service men if they had difficulty finding work o Provide medical care for service men o Provide programs for service men to go to school/trade schools and paid college tuition o Government agreed to guarantee mortages to allow them to buy houses (guaranteed loans)  Enormous boost to housing  Interstate Highway Act (1955-56) o Before 1956, didn’t exist o Provided government funds for a nation wide system of highways o Connect big cities o Tremendous spoon to automobile (8 cylinder car made to cruise on highways) o Promoted trucking industry = death of railroad industry o Boost for service industries (McDonalds, gas station, etc.) o Boost for travel and lezare activity  Consolidation of Big Businesses o Mergers of smaller companies into big companies  Ex. ITT (Information Telephone and Telegram)  Started in 1920-30’s  Communications company  After war, bought up smaller companies that had nothing to do with communication o Ex. Continental bakery, suburban realistate companies, hotel chains, rent- a-car, insurance companies, etc.  Hired thousands of people o Dominated the economy o Source of prosperity  Consolidation of Big Labor Unions o AFL_CIO (Congress of Industry organizations)  Took place in 1950  Competed with each other  Followed trend of merging businesses  After 1955, able to negotiate with big companies  Packages – wages, hours per pay, cost of living  Able to get good deals for working people  Country of consumer abundance  A People of Plenty o More people off than before II: American Families  All abundance is enjoyed in setting of family  Suburban ideal o After World War 2, development of suburbs o Thousands/millions leave cities o Usually in a ring like fashion o Escape the crowded and busy city o Have yards, tress, garage o 1950’s, American begin love affair with lawnmower o Importance is suburban house becomes the display of enjoyment of consumer items (two-car garage, kitchen appliances, lawnmowers, patio with BBQ grill, lawn furniture, etc.) o Privatism  Retreat and relax of home in private o Interstate highway act made suburbs possible  Baby Boom o Growth of families and size o 1945, millions of men and women had been separated (Sep. 1945-Christmas) o Started early 1946 o Important: generation of baby boom were children of abundance  Roles of men and women o Men: men of flannel suit, works for big company  Makes good salary  Support family financial  Team player o Women:  Renewed emphasis of being a housewive and mother  Child management/family in suburb o Dr.Spock’s Baby and Child Care  Best selling book in American history  New York petatrition  Copies flew off shelves  Baby boom  Bible for women on how to raise children  Social Messages:  Need to put child 1 and themselves 2 nd  Get away from punishing children, instead have positive re-enforcement (instant gratification, same ethic into consumerism)  1950’s, mothers instructed to encourage personality development, before encourage character III: TV Culture  1946, 8,000 households that had a TV  1950, 4 million household had TV’s, increased consistently  Privatism o Stay at home and experience TV at home with family o Have family experience o ABC, CBS, NBC only o People saw same stuff o New outlet for advertising  Popularity of family shows o Father Knows Best o Leave it to Beaver  Westerns o “Broken Arrow” o “Gun smoke” o People yearning for other things  I Love Lucy o About family o Ethnic tensions o Gender tensions  Singer in club  Work at a job she wasn’t suppose to  Lucy doing things she wasn’t suppose to be doing


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