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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ally Hill on Wednesday February 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 26387 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Kim Creasap in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Social Aspects of Sexuality in Sociology at University of Pittsburgh.
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Date Created: 02/11/15
Sexuality 21115 1143 AM Genital Surgeries Body Image amp Sexuality Cosmetic surgery Thank God For My Designer Vaginaquot amp I Paid 5000 Euros For My Designer Vaginaquot British magazine This is saying if your vagina isn t beautiful you won t have a healthy sex life There is a distinction between medical cultural and psychological issues For most of these procedures they are not medically necessary Women ages 1834 usually having these surgeries Between the years 20122013 labiaplasty increased by 70 in the UK Vajazzle putting rhinestones on a woman s vagina The year 2000 is when waxing started becoming popular Plastic surgeon Most of the women I ve dealt with have thought that this was a real impediment to sexual enjoymentnot so much from their point of view as their partnersif they were worried about their partner not liking what they could see or touch or whatever then they felt tensequot Correlation between psychology of a patient and these procedures but no real rules or laws 3 most common types of genital cosmetic surgery Vaginoplasty vaginal rejuvenation surgery surgery is done inside the vagina it is a tightening of the upper part of the vaginal canal Very common in sex reassignment surgery amp incontinence Is sexual satisfaction caused by more friction No But cosmetically it is given as the major reason Labiaplasty procedure done to the labia minora Patient is awake and given a local anesthetic 2 weeks healing time Hymen reconstruction not all females are born with a hymen reason for procedure is to restore the hymen by producing a smaller vaginal opening Increases probability of tearing and bleeding with intercourse Proves virginity to a man Hymen s break with tampon use riding a bike horseback riding not an indicator of virginity Often done before marriage in certain cultures The Great Wall of Vaginaquot project by a British artist who did casts of women s vulvas Over 400 women participated in 5 years 0 They are on display in the Gallery of Britain 0 He did this because women have anxiety about their genitals much like men do 0 He is showing that no one is perfect and no one should conform to a popular aesthetic He is dispelling the notion that there is one right way for a vulva to look 0 Media has a huge impact on what women think their vaginas should look like The Perfect Vaginaquot film about women who have had labiaplasty or have considered it 0 People see themselves much more negatively than others do Labioplasty Individual Factors 0 Cosmetic dissatisfaction with appearance of genitalia 0 Sexual lower overall sexual satisfaction and a poorer quality of life in terms of body image 0 Psychological factors body dysmorphia depression anxiety Labiaplasty Social Factors 0 Porn increased access 0 Women39s magazines increased of stories about designer vaginas 0 Sex Education lack of ed on bodies Female Genital Cutting FGC Female genital mutilation is rejected by many cultures because it invokes an image of cruelty and barbarism 0 Cutting is a neutral political term 0 How is FGC practiced 0 Mostly carried out by traditional circumcisers o More than 18 of all FGC is performed by health care providers 0 Trend towards medicalizing of this is increasing 0 Clitoridectomy removal of all or part of the clitoris o Excision most common removal of clitoris all or part of labia minora o Infibulation removal ofaH external genitalia and stitching together of the vaginal opening sometimes a woman s legs are bound from the hip to the ankle so she cannot move for up to a month Can cause tearing and infection Least common method 20 Where it is commonly practiced 90 100 of women have it done Women will need to be cut open later to have intercourse and have children 0 Problems urinating development of cysts bleeding infection infertility complications of childbirth increased risks of newborn deaths need for later surgeries o Circumcision of penises does not affect sexual pleasuresexual functioning so this is not the same 0 Unicef estimates that 140 million women have this practice done 0 Egypt Kenya Somalia Sudan Ethiopia account for most of these cases 0 Why is FGC practiced o The reasons for female genital cutting include a mix of cultural social amp religious factors within families and communities 0 Social standing of parents considered a necessary part of raising a girl properly reflects positively on parents if girl undergoes these procedures 0 Social control of sexual behaviors premarital virginity and marital fidelity Reduces a woman s libido Fear also controls sexual behavior 0 Gender cultural ideals about femininity and modesty In order to be clean and beautiful removal of body parts that are masculine and unclean achieves this feminine status 0 Responses to FGC o In Dec 2012 the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on the elimination of FGC 0 Getting locals on board with medical experts is a difficult task Local organizations are very important 0 Religious clergy play an important practice in both maintaining and eliminating these practices Models of Culture reading 0 Reified culture culture seen as stable and unchanging with members being seen as culture boundquot and even backwards 0 Dynamic culture is seen as adaptive and changeable over time 21115 1143 AM 21115 1143 AM
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