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SOCI Week 13 Notes

by: Amber Levister

SOCI Week 13 Notes SOCI 1160 030

Amber Levister
GPA 4.01

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About this Document

These notes cover the lectures from Tuesday 4/12 & Thursday 4/14
Intro to Social Problems
Mindy Stombler
Class Notes
sociology, Social problems
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amber Levister on Friday April 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1160 030 at Georgia State University taught by Mindy Stombler in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Intro to Social Problems in Sociology at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 04/15/16
Intro to Social Problems Tuesday 4/12- Thursday 4/14 ▯ Tuesday ▯ Gender Inequality continued… ▯ -Gaps Politics o Women make up 20% of the Senate and HOR in America; women in foreign countries hold significant representation in political organizations that American women Work/family o Unpaid work  Caring for kids, reproduction, house work  Working dads perceive that they do equal amounts of house work as moms, women disagree  Stay at home moms: 50 hours/week, Working husbands: 11 hours/week  Women working for pay: 26 hours/week, Working husbands: 11 hours/week  Men: yard work, taking out trash, maintenance (weekly chores), Women: washing dishes and clothes, cooking, cleaning kitchen and house (hourly chores)  Married men do the LEAST amount of housework  Young girls do 2 hours more chores a week than boys  Childrearing: around 70% mothers w/ kids (<18) work in paid labor force; 30% of mothers w/ kids (<6) work FTYR  1950s= moms stayed home “relatively little consequence”  in 2 parents HH today, kids are getting more parental attention than they were in the 50s  1) fewer children= more attention to each one  2) men have increased their active parenting  (1965- moms spent 10 hrs/week, dads spend 2.5 hrs/week on childcare) (2011- moms spent 14 hrs/ week, dads spent 7 hrs/week)  3)many women work part-time  4) working moms learned to cut back on other activities (leisure, personal care, sleep, housework, community) o Paid work  in recessions, women’s jobs tend to grow, whereas men’s jobs tend to decline (industry, manufacturing, union jobs)  Compared to White Men (FTYR):  Asian American women= 94% of what WM make  Latinas= 61% of what WM make  Native American= 64% of what WM make  Black women= 68% of what WM make  White women== 82% of what WM make o Wage gaps  Women earn 78 cents to every dollar men earn for FTYR  40 year career working FTYR- wage gap during this time for women and men = $434,000; w/ a BA= $713,000  1) Occupational Sex Segregation  women and men often separated into certain occupations, which are then valued by the gender of the workers  Receptionists, day care workers, dental hygienists= examples of female occupations  As women infiltrate an occupation, wages for the occupation decline for everyone in the occupation; as women move in  men move out  Resegregation  Real estate= women moved in and took over residential, but men stayed in and moved to commercial  Waiting tables= men are more likely to be seen in fine dining as waiters  2) Internal Job Ladders  floral, bakery, butcher, produce, grocery  women dominating floral, bakery; men heavy in butcher and produce; mix of both in grocery  only route to become a store manager was through the butcher (dominated by male workers)  the way the ladder of mobility is structured, women don’t get the same opportunity  3) Glass Ceiling  women climb a ladder and can’t get past a certain level  Women comprise only 4.6% of CEOs in Fortune 1000  4) Motherhood Penalty  women take a financial hit to their salaries when bearing children  5) Homosocial Reproduction  mostly men are in power, and they hire other men based on the idea that they have like minds/ interests  6) We don’t see women as leaders  study of college students: researchers found that answers on what makes a good leader and what makes a good man had a lot of similarities  loss of femininity when there is a gain in leadership credibility  7) Sticky Floor  trapped in low wage, low mobility, low benefit jobs  “Pink Collar” Jobs (full time waitressing, maid at hotel, childcare)  8) Glass Escalator  when men moved into nursing, teaching, floral work, other traditionally female jobs they were pressured to move into top managerial positions (up and out)  9) Subtle Discrimination  not inviting women to networking events and excluding them from other things that would give them mobility o Who is most keenly affected by the wage gap?  Women who are running their households alone and have single-parent households  If we close the wage gap, we’d see a dramatic reduction in poverty o Cost of being a woman is 7% ▯ Thursday ▯ ***The U.S. women’s soccer team saying that they’re earning 40% of men soccer players salaries; the women’s team earned 2 million for winning the world cup while them men earned 9 million without advancing; U.S. soccer pays women a smaller daily allowance (per diem) when they are in domestic and international venues ▯ ▯ Film Notes- Tough Guise 2: Violence, Manhood & American Culture ▯ -86% armed robberies, 77% aggravated assaults, 99% rapes committed by men; 61 of 62 shootings committed by men ▯ -in race, sexual orientation, and gender, the dominant group is always left out (white, heterosexual, male) ▯ -Sandy Hook (2012) resulted in national dialogue with people blaming media, video games, film industry, and other factors ▯ -violence is a taught behavior, not learned ▯ -William Pollack (Boy Code) Michael Kimmell (Guy Code) ▯ -“tough guise”= the front men put up to keep from being seen as weak or feminine ▯ -“wussification” of America= feminizing different sectors of society thus emasculating men ▯ -There apprx. 300 million guns in America; older white men living in America own most of these guns ▯ -BumFights video series where young men attack defenseless homeless people ▯ **Aggrieved Entitlement ▯ -every year over 30,000 people are killed by guns ▯ -suicide accounts for 2/3 of gun deaths; majority are white men ▯ violence is the leading cause of death for AA men between 15 and 30 ▯ -“covert depression” what ¾ of men suffer from ▯ ▯


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