Lecture day 1,2 - 1
Lecture day 1,2 - 1 ANTH_2010_100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Jennings on Wednesday February 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH_2010_100 at Ohio University taught by Nancy Taterak in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 78 views. For similar materials see Biological Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Ohio University.
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What an unbelievable resource! I probably needed course on how to decipher my own handwriting, but not anymore...
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Date Created: 02/11/15
Day 1 11214 Science how we now what we know 0 Science a questiondriven evidencebased evidence backs up info understanding of the natural world 0 Evidence 0 Hypothesis 0 Theory 0 Direct observation vs information told to you You have two minds 0 Social mind cultural o How to deal with being a human 0 How to function daily about society 0 Scientific mind data and information 0 Concepts you are learning that deal with scientific issues 0 More objective 0 Watch events happening and why they are happening Day 2 11415 Cultural vs scientific definitions 0 Cultural 0 Based on society s construction I Cultural norms taboos religion rules 0 Greatly vary across the globe 0 Example gender I Roles in society 0 Come to view as what holds different cultures together I Agreed upon among different cultures 0 Scientific 0 Based 0 scientific testing and observation I Chemistry physics biology anthropology 0 Less variation across the globe 0 Example sex I Chromosomes Example a mysterious event 0 Data 0 23 of the more than 2000 people died I Among adults women were 3x more likely to survive than men I Children under 12 were 50 more likely to survive than adults I Those in the highest social class were 50 more likely to survive than middle class and over 2X more likely to survive as the lower class 0 Event sinking of titanic What is anthropology 0 the scientific study of humankind 0 Based on perspective you approach it with 0 Integrates sociology economics history psychology and biology 0 Compromises four subfields 0 Cultural anthropology I Studies all aspects of human behavior I Subfields 0 Urban anthropology deals with issues of inner cities 0 Medical anthropology explores relationship between culture and health 0 Linguistic anthropology I Study of the origin of language and speech 0 How words make your perception shape the way it is I The use of language is a unique human characteristic I Relationship between culture and language 0 How do members of a society perceive phenomena 0 How does the use of language shape perceptions o Archaeology I study and interpretation of material remains recovered from earlier cultures I Information about culture comes from artifacts and material culture left by early hominids 0 Physical or biological anthropology I Study of human biology in the framework of evolution I Many physical anthropologists emphasize the interaction between biology and culture I Subfields o Paleoanthropology study of human evolution 0 Anthropometry measurement of human body parts 0 Primatology study of nonhuman primates 0 Osteology study of skeletons o Forensic anthropology Holism ideas common to subfields 0 Context 0 Try to understand things as scientists in their own context 0 Understanding big picture 0 Example bipedalism Relativism 0 Understand subject on its own terms 0 No judgments as to good or bad 0 Stay away from ethnocentrism Comparison 0 Compare data across time and geography 0 Explain variation 0 How humans vary from one another Evolution 0 a change in the genetic makeup of a population from one generation to the next 0 Forms basis of biological anthropology heart of physical anthropology 0 Genetic alterations within populations microevolution 0 Genetic change resulting in the appearance of a new species macroevolution Culture 0 the strategies humans use to adapt to their natural environment 0 000000 0 Technologies Subsistence patterns Housing types Clothing Religion Values Gender roles Marriage and family 0 Utterly dependent on culture for survival 0 Many scientists believe we are not the only ones who have culture as human beings O O 0 Culture is learned from others Other species DO NO depend on culture for survival Humans are always a mix of bio and cultural I Biological creature and a cultural creature