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CMN 001, Week 3 notes

by: Sarah Notetaker

CMN 001, Week 3 notes CMN 001

Sarah Notetaker

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About this Document

These notes cover the process of preparing/ constructing a speech- including its structure.
Introduction to Public Speaking
Alissa Shubb
Class Notes
speech, CMN 001, CMN 1, CMN, Communications, speaking, speeches, writing, intro to communications
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Notetaker on Friday April 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CMN 001 at University of California - Davis taught by Alissa Shubb in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Public Speaking in Communication Studies at University of California - Davis.

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Date Created: 04/15/16
University of California Davis Prof: Alissa Shubb Intro to Public Speaking CMN 001 Process of Putting Together a Speech ● Invention ○ General Purpose ie. inform, persuade, entertain ○ Topic - must research (research will help to narrowly focus) ○ Specific Purpose (Central Idea) *note: if a speaker obfuscates their intention (general purpose) -ie. they say they are going to inform, but instead they persuade- then they will lose the audience’s trust; and therefore, diminish their good moral character and in turn their credibility ● Arrangement ○ Intro - Tell the audience what you will say ○ Body- Say it ○ Conclusion- remind your audience about what you said ● Style ○ Language Style ■ Clarity ■ Correctness- say the correct terms with the correct pronunciation ■ Vivid - paint a picture in the audience’s mind ■ Appropriate ● To self - make sure you sound like yourself/ natural ● To the audience- make sure you use words the audience will understand ● Situation and topic- make sure you use words that are appropriate for the situation and for your topic ○ Presentation Aids ■ Enhance clarity ■ Service retention ■ Add interest ● Memory ○ Remember what you are going to say- do not memorize how you will say it ■ Memorization can lead to a broken chain in your memory that will cause you to forget everything else ○ Memorizing can be done for your intro and conclusion to have more control ■ Memorize with slight deviations so that you can avoid broken memory chains ● Delivery ○ Practice the way you are going to be presenting the speech ■ Practice with your notes & visual aids ○ Use silence without revealing what’s going on in your mind to get your thoughts together Structure of Opening and Closing Intro Conclusion 10-20% ********Keep it short******** Get the audience’s attention Signal end (sign post)  Utilize the primacy effect- the very  ie. Say in conclusion, or now to first word you say should be conclude, rapping it up here… strong  Make it about the audience not yourself ****Must be related to topic, not too broad**** -do not inadvertently insult/annoy/offend your audience Reveal your topic Provide closure  Make it special  Repeat what your main points  Build ethos- connect yourself to were the topic  Reveal your bias Preview main points End with a dramatic statement ******Thesis Statement******* *Must match the topic and general  Clearly articulate what you are purpose!!* going to cover  Crescendo- “Ah” moment  Diminishing ending- “hmm” ending ie. Posing a rhetorical question  Circular ending- going back to the into and connecting to how you started the speech Structure of Specific Purpose (Body) METHODS  LENDS ITSELF TO: {Specific Purpose} Chronological Use of time Showing how something changed over time Spatial Use of area Showing differences Causal Use of cause & effect Explaining a phenomenon & its causes Topical Use of categories/ natural Breaking down topic to divisions/ subtopics constructing meaning


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