Week 4 Readings & Lecture Notes
Week 4 Readings & Lecture Notes GHS:3150:0001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Linvell on Wednesday February 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GHS:3150:0001 at University of Iowa taught by Rachel Young in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 146 views. For similar materials see Media and Health in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Iowa.
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I'm pretty sure these materials are like the Rosetta Stone of note taking. Thanks Alyssa!!!
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Date Created: 02/11/15
Media and Health Week 4 Readings amp Lecture Notes Translating Health Evidence quotEvaluating Information deciding what information to present and what context to present it in medicinehealth is an evolving field you do not need to reject all things that may be flawed in some way reject what has serious weakness make clear the limitations of other material present information in a broad enough context that the audience can see how it fits in understanding the source you use this helps determine how confident you can be that the information was competently gathered and analyzed this may also alert you to potential bias Know your source 1 Where was research reported Was it published in a peerreview journal Was it presented only at a conference Do the authors work for the university Another institution The govt Who funded the research 6 Are there conflicts of interest Look for consistency in the article do you numbers in the text match those in the tables if inconsistencies exist are they serious enough to disqualify the article from consideration or to merit contacting the researcher for possible interpretation are the findings consistent with those of other studies with a similar question in mind The study design inconsistencies could mean that the study designs focused on different aspects of the subject anecdotal information is not enough to conclude the item in question it is rather a starting point randomized patients or subjects are randomly assigned to groups double blind neither the investigator nor the participants know who is receiving which treatment controlled a comparison or control group was included in the study retrospective compares groups with and without a given disease or condition in search of differences that could have predisposed those affected to develop the diseasecondition crosssectionalcompares people of various ages regarding aspects of interest asks are there differences because of age 9159quot Are numbers computed appropriately incidence rate the number of new cases of a diseasecondition present in a given population over a given period of time prevalence rate what number of people have a diseasecondition at a specific time morbidity means disease rate of response to surveys if only 10 of your community responds to a survey might they portion of the community differ from the rest in some way Your information will not be accurate for the overall community mortaity rates are death rates be aware of generalizing too much from information you encounter consider alternative approaches to the problems being studied Lecture Notes Frames represent what individuals groups cultures find meaningful how we organize experience they influence these things as well they can emphasize cause and effect health problem solutions and responsibility the scientific method 1 Ask a question Perform background research Create a hypothesis Conduct an experiment Analyze data and draw conclusions Communicate the results P P PP Iquot how should reporters evaluate medical research ask was the author paid Is there consistency Is the study uniquenovel Are numbers accurate Look for alternative explanations for comparison Is the study designed for its question studies can be prospective or retrospective does the study address other factors which could influence the results For Your Health News Story headine make sure this represents the main point of your story intro explain what the story is about using the most relevant of the W s Readers should understand why this story is important and get the story theme after reading the intro should be 23 sentences body amplifies or expands the intro you may include details about how the study was conducted more about the condition being studied more about why this is relevant to your readers make sure terms and words are explained clearly ength requirements are important
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