Music 15 Week 2
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This 6 page Reader was uploaded by Debbie Chen on Thursday April 10, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 181 views.
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Date Created: 04/10/14
Music 15 Music Appreciation Week 2 Julius Ceasar listened to in class 0 Opera 0 Piano Instruments 0 Woman singing 0 More emotional not just praising the Lord The Baroque Era 16001750 0 Birth of Opera to death of Bach 0 Baroque from Portuguese barroco a rough or imperfect pearl 0 Style seen by some as being grotesque irregular amp overly embellished 0 Example music Don t need to know J S Bach s Brandenburg Concerto 0 Strings o A lot of musicsound 0 Fast moving notes with elaborate patterns 0 Caravaggio art 0 Elaborate 0 3D art 0 More detail fabric feather o Goes along with the birth of opera 0 St Charles Barromeo Church Antwerp o Built 1615 21 0 Lots of detail and decorations in architecture 0 Music in the Baroque Era 0 An important historical moment for music The common practice era 0 Introduction of tonality o Tonality our expectations of how music should go I Major happy I Minor sad Rise of homophonic texture Greater use of musical instruments there for their own sake More complex harmony more than one pitch Harmony might re ect words NOT WORD PAINTING I Example song about dying might sound darker 0 Sometimes characterized as the age of basso continuo I Basso Continuo OOOO 0 A baroque music ensemble containing 0 1 chordal instrument e g harpsichord o 1 bass melody instrument e g cello 0 Foundation of many Baroque works either alone or as part of a larger ensemble 0 Clinky harpsichord sound is from the Baroque Opera Plot tragedy or comedy Actors A staged presentation Costumes props scenery Unlike a play 0 All the text is sung 0 Actors are also opera singers Invention 0 Florence Italy in the 1600s 0 Invented by a group of intellectuals 0 Wanted to recover expressive power of ancient Greek music 0 Deliberate move away from polyphony to homophony to better express emotion 0 Synthesis of the arts Become show stopping lavish events major social event Characteristics Secular plot Performed only during carnival season not lent Venue theaters or opera houses Audience aristocracy mostly Length 24 hours 0 Staged drama OOOOO Opera have many movements 0 Movement a selfcontained section within a larger musical work 0 Ingredients Recitative I Singing that sounds more like a dialogue than a song I For dialogue action moving the plot along 0 Ingredients Aria I A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment generally expressing intense emotion The Baroque I Handel Born in Germany Trained in Italy Last 50 years of his life in London Internationally famous during his lifetime Best known for Operas ItalianOratorios English Handel s Music Opera Giulio Cesare o 3 acts 0 1724 Librettist Nicola Haym Librettist writers the words to opera Cleopatra is in jail she s in love with Caesar who she s afraid will be killed Recitative E pur cosi Aria Plangero la sorte mia Da capo aria A type of aria that is organized in three parts A B A improvised A 0 Oratorio Messiah Rej oiceHe is the righteous ejoice A Religious O OOOOO English More instruments In a church Oratorio Sacred substitute for opera like for during lent Unstaged no costumes sets or acting Often performed in a theatre Same ingredients as opera Chorus plays a bigger role 0 Chorus a group of people singing a movement for a group of people singing 24 hours Handel s Messiah Premiered in Dublin Of his 20 oratorios only one depicting New Testament stories don t need to know 3 acts 0 Christmas story 0 Easter story 0 Redemption of the World through Faith More popular than opera during its time just not anymore Aria Rejoice greatly 0 From part 1 Christmas Section 0 Form da capo aria 0 For soprano soloist and orchestra Baroque Music II Bach 0 Baroque Instrumental Music Little fugue BWV 578 0 During the Baroque O O Familiar instruments are developed Instruments begin to be highlighter by themselves Increasing interest in timbre tamber I Characteristic tone color that distinguishes one voice or instrument from another 0 Ex difference between woodwind strings and how to write music for them 0 Johann Sebastian Bach O O O 0 Born in central Germany amp never left the country unlike Handel Composer of both sacred amp secular works I Over 200 church cantatas I LOTS of keyboard music I No operas 20 kids Not well known during his lifetime Mendelsohn rediscovered his music 0 Keyboard music 0 O Fugue I A form in which one or more melodic themes are developed through carefully controlled imitative polyphony I Imitative polyphony there is more than one voice that filter through one after another like a ripple effect I Marker that you are a successful composed because it is difficult to write I Melody is called a subject I Example heard in class Lady Gaga s fugue 0 Poker face 0 Melody is spread throughout the keyboard at different times in the song 0 Three voices Little Fugue in G minor BWV 578 I 1703 1707 I Genre fugue I Four voice imitation 0 Four separate and distinct entrances of subject at beginning 0 Any section without the subject episode 0 A lot of complex sounding music 0 Each voice is introduced with the subject melody before they go off doing something else while another voice does melody 0 Once they have all played the subject there are episodes and subjects 0 Climax is built up 0 Music after the Reformation O OOOO Martin Luther headed up a reform of the worship service Church conducted in Latin most didn t know Latin Martin Luther wanted to change the text so people could understand He used music 9 Chorale Chorale German hymn tune in the Lutheran tradition Protestant I In the vernacular people sung it back to the people telling them about the text I Integral education about Biblical texts I United the congregation O 0 Sacred cantata I Developed 1700 as part of the Lutheran service I Used as a central part of church service I Multiple movements arias recitatives choruses duets and chorales I Between 15 and 30 minutes long I Chorales simpler version everyone can sing Cantata no 140 Wachet Auf Sleepers Awake I 1731 I Genre sacred cantata I 1 movement choral fantasia I 4th movement chorale I Other movements are similar to operaoratorio I Movement 4 0 Unison chorale o Unison all voices singing together 0 Based on second verse of original chorale text 0 Chorale tune is in vocal line tenors 0 Instrumental part is a countermelody an accompanying melody heard against the principle melody 0 Sung by congregation 0 Listening 0 Listen to the tune I Movement 1 0 Choral fantasia o Polyphonic work for voices 0 Listen for chorale tune in soprano line slow 0 Sung by trained choir 0 There are repeats in the melody by both the upper and lower singers 0 Lots of instrumental melodies in the back Genre comparison 0 Opera I Secular I Theater I 14 hours I Staged o Oratorio I Sacred I Theaters I 14 hours I Unstaged o Cantata I Sacred I Church O I 1530 minuts I Unstaged Shared arias recitatives choruses Handel and Bach a comparison 0 Handel I German I Trained in Italy I Lived in England I Known for operas and English oratorios I Internationally famous during his lifetime 0 Bach I German I Trainedlived in Germany I Known for instrumental works and cantatas I Never famous during his lifetime Weekly Study Guide 0 Review 0 Palestrina Pope Marcellus Mass Gloria o Arcadelt Il bianco e dolce cigno 0 Farmer Fair Phyllis 0 New music 0 Handel Giulio Cesare o Handel s Messiah o Bach s Little Fugue o Bach s Cantata no 140 Wachet Auf 0 Vocab o Tonality OOOOOOOOOOO Homophonic texture Basso continuo Recitative Aria Opera Oratorios Timbre Fugue Imitative polyphony Chorale Cantata
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