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Notes on Sound

by: Talia A. Lubin

Notes on Sound ENG260

Talia A. Lubin
GPA 3.4
Media Aesthetics
Dr. Anthony Hayt

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About this Document

Two pages of notes detailing sound basics and varying sound techniques within the film industry. Covers basic terms and styles.
Media Aesthetics
Dr. Anthony Hayt
Class Notes
Sound, Film, Cinema, soundtrack, score, scoring, underscore, asynchronous, synchronous, diegetic, non-diegetic, foley, voiceover, sound bridge, continuity, montage, parallel, contrapuntal, inaudibility, dialogue, walla, dubbing, Music, musical
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Talia A. Lubin on Wednesday February 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENG260 at University of Oregon taught by Dr. Anthony Hayt in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 119 views. For similar materials see Media Aesthetics in Foreign Language at University of Oregon.


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Date Created: 02/11/15
Media Aesthetics 260 Sound 1 Sound basics a Soundtrack is not the music on the album that you buy on iTunes The soundtrack is the portion of a filmstrip that includes all of the sound for a film including dialogue effects and music Synchronous sound sound that happens in time with the image on screen Doesn t have to be recorded at the time of shooting Synchronous sound has a visible onscreen source that is timed correctly to that sound Asynchronous sound sound that doesn t match the image on screen Can be purposefully incorrect sound that is added or it can simply be sound that comes from an offscreen space and therefore does not correspond to any given image Diegetic sound sound that the characters in the world of the film can hear Can be dubbed Foley computer effect Nondiegetic sound sound that the characters in the world of the film cannot hear eg underscoring laugh track Parallel sound technique by which what we see makes the right sound If a dog barks on the screen and it makes a bark then that is parallel synchronous sound Contrapuntal sound technique by which the sound and the image clash in some way Ex A person mooing A horse sound like a car horn Sound montage contrapuntal effect used to disrupt the narrative Usually symbolic it could consist of layering repetition a series of contrapuntal moments Takes you out of the film to consider what is happening and how the film is structured Sound continuity like continuity editing this technique strives toward inaudibility or the ability for sound to affect us without actually noticing its mechanisms 2 Tricky techniques a Voiceovers often considered semidiegetic or internal diegetic sound because of their problematic nature b Sound bridge used in conjunction with editing a sound bridge is any sound diegetic or nondiegetic that begins in one scene not shot and carries into another 3 Dialogue a Dialogue is usually diegetic but can also be nondiegetic like in a voiceover from an outside narrator Voiceover talking by a character who cannot be heard by anyone in the film and is generally directed at the audience as a type of narration Overlapping dialogue layering of multiple dialogue tracks often to represent confusion of some sort d Dubbing voices added in postproduction via automated dialogue replacement ADR aka looping to replace or augment the sound recorded during films e Walla group of people used to add the sounds of a crowd in postproduction dubbing 4 Music a Source music comes from a source on the screen b Underscoring the score or background music to a movie Generally the music style or mood fits the action on the screen c Stingers musical cues that direct our attention to an important moment in a film For instance in a horror movie something happens on screen and the music goes quotduhnuh and scares youlets you know something significant is happening Generally very short little musicalsound things as opposed to things that are more drawn out like the whistling motif in the original Scarface d Prerecorded music gaining popularity in the American New Hollywood era of the 1970 s this is real music that is used in a film Lorde in hunger games e Motifs repetitions in sound or other aspects that take on meaning throughout a film i Bound motif one that is essential to the telling of the story ii Free motif one that is nonessential to the story but creates complexity 5 The Musical a Can build the numbers into the narrative or the numbers may seem forced and inorganically arranged b Can turn nondiegetic music into diegetic The numbers often symbolize a departure from the reality of the film in some way and thus allow for an extra layer of escapism on the part of the audience 6 Sound effects a Foley sound enhanced sound of action added later 7 Sound and space a Sound perspective the practice of making sound distance seem realistic large room echoes a car gets quieter as it drives away Helps maintain sound continuity b Direct sound sound recorded directly from its source Indirect sound sound that bounces off surroundings This can help give the impression of space to enhance the perspective d Voiceoff when a person who is present in the scene but not on camera is speaking An example of diegetic asynchronous sound


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