Notes on Editing
Notes on Editing ENG260
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Talia A. Lubin on Wednesday February 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENG260 at University of Oregon taught by Dr. Anthony Hayt in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 88 views. For similar materials see Media Aesthetics in Foreign Language at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 02/11/15
Media Aesthetics 260 Editing 1 What is editing a 2 Terms Editing is the cutting arranging and splicing together of film segments or shots in a specific order to make some kind of meaning Editing connects shots together to make a scene i Scene a series of any number of shots that deal with a continuous place action andor charactergroup Cut Changes from one shot to the next Fade inout The shot fades fromto black as a means of transition Always has to do with black or white Dissolve The overlapping also called lap dissolve of one shot into the next in which the former and latter image are simultaneously visible Wipe Transition in which one shot wipes over the first from side to side or top to bottom Think basic PowerPoint slide transition Continuity editing Invisible editing Strives towards verisimilitude Analytical editing Directs the viewers attention to important details to tell the story Disjunctive editing Breaks with reality confusing place time and or the 4th wall 3 Spatial Editing a Editing that focuses on the physical relations between objects and characters on the screen Continuity editing works to keep spatial relationships as realistic as possible 180 degree rule Staging a scene so that all shots can be edited together from one side of the action 30 degree rule Each shot should be from more than 30 degrees different angle than the last to justify the cut Not following this rule creates a jump cut of sorts Twitchy and disconcerting Establishing shot usually a long shot Tells us where the action is taking place Shotreverse shot Used to help show whowhat someone is looking at Often used for conversation but also for objects Eyeline match In continuity editing the realistic relation of a person to another personobject on screen Used in shotreverseshot Insert A shot of something important to the action that might not be visible to characters but is important to understand the action Reaction shot Shows a character s reaction to some action seen in the shot 4 Temporal editing a b Editing that deals with the flow of time within the film Duration Film time vs real time h Pace The length of shots Often quick cuts imply actiontension while long takes imply emotion tranquility or even boredom Flashbackflashforward Showing a shot or sequence of film from later or earlier in the chronology of the film Ellipsis Removing time from a story through editing fade inout montage insert of clock or calendar Crosscuttingparallel editing Cutting between two actionsscenes to show simultaneous action can be used in montage editingabstract editing Overlapping editing Generally considered disjunctive as it shows the same action over and over maybe from different angle maybe not Sequence shot Shot planned so that the whole scene unfolds without a cut 5 Abstract Editing Techniques a Match on action Cutting from one object to another often with similar shapescolors in a way that makes the latter appear to carry the action of the former into the second shot Rhythmic editing Relates to pace in that the speed of cuts inversely related to the length of shots is chosen to match the scene s action Can match sound too Eg The opening title sequence of the TV show Dexter Graphic editingmatch Literally matching shapes colors patterns lighting and using those visual cues as editing cues Often helps to establish a strong continuity of action and links the two shots metaphorically Eg A shot of an apple a round redgold shape transitions into a shot of a sunset a round redgold shape 6 Disjunctive Editing a Pu rposely eschews the norms of continuity editing by breaking with reality confusing place time or the 4th wall Montage The juxtaposition of two shots with unrelated images that once seen in relation to each other make a meaning that is more than the two alone would everhave Distanciation Editing that is selfreflective and draws attention to the parts and seams in the construction of the text film described as Brechtian ntercutting Switching to a different placetimeobject in the middle of a scene Montage editing is often made using intercutting Often this is a nondiegetic insert or a shockcut Different from crosscutting because crosscutting is generally diegetic Jump cut Cutting a shot to remove moments of time often very small to create a choppyjumpy effect
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