PSYCH 3110, week 14 notes
PSYCH 3110, week 14 notes Psych 3110
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alison Carr on Saturday April 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 3110 at Bowling Green State University taught by Joshua Ricker in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 04/16/16
The Social Animal Why do we do animal research? Some research is unethical/impossible to do with humans o Ex: manipulative brain surgeries Viable animal models provide valuable information we cannot gain elsewhere Awareness of self and others Mirror self-recognition test (red dot on the forehead with a mirror) o Chimpanzees o Dolphins o Magpies (bird) Theory of mind- the ability to attribute mental states to oneself and others, and to understand that others have beliefs, desires, intentions, and perspectives that are different from one’s own “Lower” communication Rats and mice make calls to communicate with each other o Ultra sound vocalizations Pioneering work has been done at BGSU Jaak Panksepp o Rat tickler 50 kHz = happy chirps 22 kHz = sad chirps Anthropomorphize- to apply human qualities to animals Animal social structure Baboons form social hierarchies o Lower ranking baboons are more stressed than higher ranking baboons Ex: show higher cortisol levels Snow monkeys show the opposite o The troop leader is highly stressed from overseeing the group Higher ranking males in many species have access to more mates o Access to the females is sometimes exclusive Animal love Form relationships for life Pair bonding- a strong affinity that occurs between 2 animals Found in 3% of species in nature Acts through vasopressin in the rewarding areas of the brain of males Oxytocin appears to be more important for females o “The love hormone” Oxytocin o Dogs: increase 57.2% o Cats: increase 12% Animals with Grandmas o Humans o Non-human primates o Whales o Elephants Having a grandmother increases an elephant’s chance of survival Cowbirds social behavior Brood parasites- organisms that rely on others to raise their young Cowbirds do this to save the energy it takes to raise their own young Could be a form of social loafing Social inequality Receiving an unequal outcome when compared to a counterpart Other species show signs of unfairness o First done with Capuchin monkeys Not only “higher” animals show this o Also dogs, birds, and rats Social networking Other species from intricate social networks Macaque groups have “police” o Removing them: Increased aggression within the group Decreased reconciliation Decreased size of grooming and play groups The group divided Anti-social networking Long-tailed Manakins sing and dance for mates Inter-male competition determines who has the chance to perform More connections formed with other birds = more success Happy hour! Rats will drink alcohol voluntarily if trained o Sucrose fade procedure- intermix sugar with alcohol until you get a high alcohol concentration Chimpanzees voluntarily drink fermented tree sap Drunken monkey hypothesis- we drink alcohol because a common ancestor developed the ability to metabolize alcohol more efficiently than other animals Fighting between species Arctic Skua Have the ability to recognize human faces Will fight off humans that have previously intruded upon their nest Helping between species Bottle-nosed dolphins form cliques with preferred members These cliques interact with humans to catch more fish than if alone Domestication of dogs is believed to have occurred through inter- species helping Prosocial behavior Other species understand helping behavior Monkeys ask researchers to help them move something heavy with out Elephants
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