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Week Two Notes

by: Brianna

Week Two Notes SOCIOL105-SEC01

GPA 3.5
Sociology 105: Self, Society, and Interpersonal Relations
Richard Tessler

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About this Document

Role theory and reinforcement theory
Sociology 105: Self, Society, and Interpersonal Relations
Richard Tessler
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna on Thursday February 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCIOL105-SEC01 at University of Massachusetts taught by Richard Tessler in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 99 views. For similar materials see Sociology 105: Self, Society, and Interpersonal Relations in Sociology at University of Massachusetts.


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Date Created: 02/12/15
January 29 2015 Sociology 105 Assumptions about Human Nature People are in uenced by their environments 0 Change the learning environment or social environment change the individual Key concepts 0 Social networks 0 Identity and self esteem 0 Role performance as a student Chinese school example Propositions O Relocation of elite schools to the Chinese countryside will change life trajectories for the rural youth I Educationally I Socially I Psychologically Limitations 0 Theory is okay but is very hard to implement in the real world 0 Even in the same school urban and rural students were very separated Role Theory Review Role theory attempts to explain the interactions between individuals by focusing on the roles they play Key concept 0 Social role more than a label I Everyone has a set of behavioral expectations associated with the role they play Proposition and Example 0 Behavior is shaped by role expectations I In general role expectations are functional for social interaction They provide structure and predictability 0 Example classroom roles I They guide interactions 0 Limitations I Social roles are contextspecific 0 Role theory also has difficulty explaining out of context interactions where roles don t provide scripts for what to expect and how to behave 0 Example going to gym with teacher or class with a parent etc I Another limitation individual in role theory I Not everyone plays the role in the same way 0 The concept of role making helps to explain individual differences Other concepts in role theory 0 Role identity occupational family spouse and parental etc 0 Role loss imagine impact of leaving the role dropping out of school etc 0 Role stress Role Stress Stress Ds Ci 0 The gap between Ds the demands of the situation What is expected of you in the role and Ci the capacities that are needed to fulfill role expectations I Individual capacities include instrumental skills for problemsolving and also socioemotional skills for dealing with emotions 0 Components of Ci I Working With relevant skill set I Managing emotions that are interfering With effective role performance anxiety Coping With role stress 0 Trying to change the role expectations can they be negotiated O Upgrading individual capacities to bring them better into line With role expectations Social support 0 An important resource in coping With stress I Avoid hopelessness I Combatting anxiety 0 Reinforcement theory I Assumptions people are motivated to maximize rewards and minimize costs I Key concepts 0 Positive and negative reinforcement 0 Social approval and disapproval I Central propositions 0 People Will be more likely to perform a specific behavior if the social response to it is positive and less likely if it is neutral or negative I Implications I You can shape behavior depending on how you respond to it


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