Week 5 Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Brandenburg on Thursday February 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 4362 at Ohio University taught by Hoyt in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology of Justice in Psychlogy at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 02/12/15
x Training in Police Interrogation Techniques 0 Inbau Reid Buckley amp Jayne I Criminal Interrogations and Confessions o The Reid Technique I The Interrogation Room 0 A plain blank uninviting and harsh space 0 Don t make the suspect feel comfortable they need to feel alone 0 Sound proof so the suspect doesn t hear outside noises o Psychological space isolation sensory deprivation loss of control I The Procedure 0 Confront suspect with crime keep attention throughout interrogation so they can t think of any excuses or psychologically rest 0 Interrupt suspect frequently in early stages overcome all objections 0 Develop quotthemequot and alternative explanation for the crime get on their side and use sympathy to gain trust 0 Recount details of the crime ultimate goal 0 Obtain full written confession x Confession Tactics amp Admissibility o Maximization scare tactics I Overstate the seriousness of the offense and magnitude of the charges some guidelines I Make false or exaggerated claims of evidence 0 Minimization minimize crime I Sympathy tolerance facesaving strategies I Blame the victim or accomplice 0 Jackson v Denno confessions must be voluntary I Defendants entitled to pretrial hearing I Cannot torture punish physically harm or threaten to do these things I Promises of leniency and gray areas of the law not allowed to make bargainsplea deals x False Confession 0 Types of false confessions I Coerced vs Voluntary pressured or freely made I Instrumental vs Authentic done as a means to a goal or done as a belief 0 Instrumental coerced simply to end the interrogation suspects know they didn t do it 0 Instrumental voluntary to protect others to gain notoriety suspects know they didn t do it o Authentic coerced temporarily led to believe they did it often through long interrogation o Authentic voluntary suspect believes and confesses willingly mental illness 0 Factors in Known False Confession Cases I Length of the interrogation Sleep deprivation andor lack of food 0 Cigarettes are a big motivator Suspect is vulnerable o IQ 0 Shock crime involved someone close to suspect 0 Age juveniles Interrogator provides details of crime I Presentation of false evidence 0 Research on False Confessions I Kassin amp Kiechel 1196 0 Testing to see how many people will sign a false confession o 69 of subjects signed the confession 28 internalized it believed they truly did the quotcrime I Kassin Goldstein amp Savitsky 2003 o Interrogator believes suspect is guilty or innocent I Russano Meissner Narchet amp Kassin 2005 I Lassiter amp Irvine 1987 Lassiter amp Geers 2004 o Videotaped confessions 0 Can camera perspective bias jurors impression of suspect
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