Week 9 notes
Week 9 notes Sociology 100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kirsten Swikert on Saturday April 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 100 at Western Kentucky University taught by Dr. James Kanan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 04/16/16
Marriage and Family • Social constructs of meanings and relationships • Marriage: legal union based on mutual rights and obligations o Clasthdefinition: a commitment to another person that you love; a legal binding o 14 Amendment to Constitution: equal protection • Family: two or more people who are related by blood, marriage, or adoption o Class definition: family tree, how far do we go? Friends? Pets? Family is an emotional bond; you don’t have to consider an estranged parent your family o Family is used as a predictor, they influence you and they give you your social status o Household: people who occupy the same housing unit § A family can be a household, but it doesn’t have to be • General rules of mate selection o What do you look for in a mate? Similar in age, similar interests, attractiveness, similar beliefs and morals, stability, location o Exogamy (outside the group, ex: family) and endogamy (inside the group, ex: similarities above) § Gamy: Greek word for marriage § Patterns in intermarriage: 24% of black males and 9% of black females married non-blacks, 17% of Asian males and 36% of Asian females married outside their group, white and Hispanics didn’t vary by gender § 4 years ago in the US: 15% of marriages of different faces or ethnicities, 85% of marriages of same race or ethnicities o Homogamy: we tend to marry people who are similar to us § Propinquity: social “nearness” o Matching hypothesis: physical attractiveness categories o Exchange theory: maximize personal benefits; notable rise in “earning potential” for both men and women o Monogamy (serial): being with only one partner, serial meaning getting remarried after divorcing one partner • Why marry? o Married couples: § Enjoy a higher standard of living relative to unmarried people § Report higher levels of well-being and life satisfaction • Healthier lives § Report more frequent and fulfilling sexual activity o Children in two-parent households § Enjoy higher standard of living § Tend to perform better in school than children from single-parent households • Variations on the American family o Traditional family values § Two parents, one “breadwinner” with children § Account for less than 10% of families in the US o Age at first marriage is increasing § Affects both fertility rates and divorce rates o Re-constituted families (step families) § Roles are less clearly defined o Gay/lesbian families § Less than 1% of US households, but up to 80% since 2000 • Family variations: unmarried options o Marriage rates have declined to lowest levels recorded § Over half of American adults are unmarried (1 time in history) compared to 72% married in 1960 o Remaining single: history of coverture laws (married women not distinct from husband), change in perspective “right” replaces “best” o Single-parent families § Importance of divorce and non-marital birth § 41% of all US births to unmarried women • 1/3 whites, 1/2 latinos, 3/4 blacks
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