Popular in Hist 1379 - History Since 1877
Popular in History
This 29 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitney Robinson on Thursday February 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 17063 at University of Houston taught by Richard Mizelle in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 191 views. For similar materials see Hist 1379 - History Since 1877 in History at University of Houston.
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Date Created: 02/12/15
HISTORY II Lab WHAT WERE PROGRESSIVE RESPONDING TO Low standards Poor working conditions Poor living conditions Corrupt businesses WHAT WAS PROGRESSIVISM Optimistic about the future of the country and the government Pessimistic about industrialization and urbanization Positive towards government Not sure what to think about the rise in the economy Urban city is dirty mass of people and transportation Want to regulate big business To prevent corruption Get rid of big business all together CALL FOR REFORM Progressive did not agree about how to achieve reform SOCIAL GOSPEL Take care of each other Expand the government local state and federal WHO WERE THE PROGRESSIVES Men and Women MIDDLE CLASS College educated White Professionals Pushing for a stricter program of education TEDDY ROOSEVELT PRESIDENT 1901 1909 Expanded power of the president Most of expansion through how he acts What he says should be done Used federal government to bring about reform Coined the term Muckraker Stirring up the muck of the society to provoke change Trustbuster Pure Food amp Drug Act Meat Inspection Act 1906 MUCKRAKING Journalists who wrote about scandals Upton Sinclair The Jungle meatpacking amp immigration I aimed forAmericans hearts and hit their stomachs Ida Tardbel History of Stand Oil Company TRUST BUSTING Trusts Big monopolies Controlling more than one aspect of production Sherman AntiTrust Law 1890 Standard Oil Roosevelt called for suits to be carried out on trusts PURE FOOD AND DRUG ACT 1906 Roosevelt orders investigation based on Sinclair s The Jungle Wanted to disprove the Fictional Novel Conditions worse than fiction Essentially same act in use today JANE ADDAMS Settlement House Movement Based on Social Gospel Chicago Hull House 1889 Americanize the immigrants Language classes History Dressing Training Housing Help immigrants find jobs For children AND adults Paternalism Good intentions Largely female led reform movement PROHIBITION Influenced by Social Gospel Women s Christian Temperance Union 1873 Municipal House Cleaning Women are morally superior Fix society Fix your home Alcoholism linked to poor and immigration 18th Amendment 1920 WOMEN S SUFFRAGE Cult of domesticity Domestic Housekeeping Women s Suffrage Parade 1913 Day Woodrow Wilson was supposed inaugurated as president Kaiser Wilson 1917 Picked white house during WWII Publicity in favor of women 19th Amendment passed in 1920 Women s right to vote AFRICAN AMERICAN SUFFRAGE The Negro s status in Southern politics is dark as Hell and smells like cheese 15th Amendment problems with language Vagrancy laws Some argued that labor was worse that Slaves NAACP Terrell Election Laws 1905 White primary disfranchise African Americans in the South HISTORY II Eugenics in America Lecture EUGENICS Good and bad traits are passed down The belief and practice which aims at improving the genetic quality of the human population Ex Intelligence NORTH CAROLINA HUMAN 1950 IOWA EUGENICS PAMPHLET 1950 PROGRESSIVISM Not a single Diverse state of configuration principle and practiced for social reformation Middle class Respectability 19TH AND EARLY 20TH CENTURY PROGRESSIVE REFORMATION Crisis of the Family Victorian and Middle class values Childrearing and maintenance of the home DEMISE OF MIDDLE CLASS FAMILY Delayed marriage Smallerfamilies Subtle rise in divorce rates DEMISE OF MIDDLE CLASS FAMILY STATISTICS 1840 Average Family had 614 Children 1900 Avg Family had 356 children Between 1870 and 1920 divorce rate increased by 15 Lots of women passed up marriage and child birth DOMESTIC SPHERE Women in particular were blamed for unnatural repression of the maternal instinct Physicians and scientists FAILING TO REPRODUCE THE RACE AngloSaxon were falling behind immigrant counter parts in reproducing Poor AngloSaxon outpacing middle class in reproducing Theodore Roosevelt Race Suicide FRANCIS GALTON 1883 We greatly want a brief word to express the science of improving stock Especially the case of man Eugenics from the Greek for well born Hereditary Genius 1869 Basic Argument Talent and genius tented to run in families Positive Eugenics and Negative Eugenics ALABAMA PHYSICIAN 1900 People who have hereditary traits ought not to be aloud to have kids EUGENIC METHODS 1 Marriage Restrictions and Laws 2 poor people can t marry 2 Sexual Segregation insane asylums 3 Involuntary Sterilization arrested taken to hospital committee of 3 decided 4 Limits on immigration STERILIZATION Vasectomy Salpingectomy COMPULSORY STERILIZATION STATUTES 1St passed in Indiana Criminals Idiots Rapists Imbeciles COMPULSORY STERILIZATION Over next decade 15 states in the North and West enacted sterilization laws CA NJ NY MI WI SUPREME COURT CASE BUCK V BELL 1927 Upheld Virginia s eugenio sterilization statute Oliver Wendell Holmes Three generations of imbeciles are enough IMPORTANCE OF BUCK V BELL Fueled Resurgence of eugenic sterilization lawmaking in 16 states during late 1920 s and earl y 1930 s First general sterilization laws in the South
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