Intro to Cinema
Intro to Cinema
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Date Created: 04/11/14
Tuesday April 8 2014 Film Studies 46 Intro to Cinema Week 2 Extra credit Screening of Beauty and Beast Wednesday April 30th Granada Theater Lecture 4 Narrative A chain of events in a cause and effect relation occurring in time and space Determined by AGENTS characters human or not must have traits traits will provide motivation motivation moves to action effects may be withheld open narrative ie Citizen Kane traits selfish ambitious insecure He married powerful women out of insecurity Narrative closure all the questions posed at the beginning are answered at the end Principles of narrative construction time and space temporal dimensions order duration equency How well do we know a character Citizen Kane in beginning has a newsreel about the character only shows his arrogance richness and points of his career life Why is it at the top movie charts film experimented with a lot of stuff an innovated structure for the time period Tuesday April 8 2014 camera angles and movements ie camera angle after his election loss depicts a giant towering Kane then he moves when a drunk Leland enters and Kane walks away from the camera so that he is the same size of the tobacco spit jars containers of waste Visually depicts the rise and fall of a man story about story telling story about devices that tell the story narrative point of view is an investigation trying to put films together also shows a variety of film genre elements within the films ie investigative horror death drama marriages story about human character has internal consistency can t think of anything to change about it that would make it better The plot of Citizen Kane isn t the important part just draws to the fact that everything is a piece of the puzzle of the film Atonement Narrating views of who is telling it shifts a lot Directed by Joe Wright British Romance War film Same events are played twice but viewed through different perspectives so that the meaning of the events change Heavy typewriter sound effects as the title Atonement is written on a black screen in typewriter font takes place in England first shot is of a doll house later revealed to be the doll house depicted like the house they live in in a nursery pan around to show young child writing on the typewriter see her finish the trials of Anabella exciting music surges girl Briony announces she finished her play to the cooks in a very large wealthy house Briony shows her mother who says stupendous Briony nervously talks to a young man about the play who is Robbie Shot of the real house outside older sister Cecilia and Briony lie on the grass Briony asks I wonder what it d be like to be another person Their brother called Leon is coming back home soon She says her play is about how Love is all very well but you have to be sensible she starts reading the prologue is interrupted by another boy gardener who says he wants to see it but he ll have to work during the play production Tuesday April 8 2014 her actors two young twins run off on a break There was a bee buzzing around the room now she goes to the window and sees Robbie outside who looks like he s commanding her sister to strip she turns away sees her sister climb out from the water fountain and storms angrily off young man sits on side of water fountain her sister younger is disturbed as the older sister runs through the garden with some flowers Cecilia places flowers in a vase she s dry now but wearing the same outfit as when her sister saw her at the water fountain Cecilia notices the young man outside she carries the flowers out to him they are easy with one another he gives her a cigarette Flash back Cecilia running with flowers into home brings the flowers in their vase out to the water fountain that Briony saw them at she says he s planning on being a doctor Robbie says he s going to pay her father back she says that s not what i meant at all They argue over the vase and the vase breaks part of it falls into the water Cecilia strips off her clothes to get the part of the vase he is lookout what was mistaken as anger was him telling her to be careful of the shards of vase Robbie looks awkwardly to the side as she dresses Robbie starts to apologize when she storms off He sits down at the water fountain and touches the water she s been in cut back to Briony at the window she looks disturbed at what she d seen their brother Leon arrives in a nice yellow car as Cecilia paints her toenails in a dressing gown more dramatic music as their brother Leon arrives in a blue suit and his friend is in a yellow suit named Marshall There s a knocking in the room that beats like a heart beat as camera zooms on to mother ominous then view changes to show it s a kid throwing a ball against the wall in the nursery next door Leon Marshall and Cecilia are by the pond Turns out the boy she was with was Robbie who went to cambridge on their father s pay who was their gardener in order to pay off their father as he finishes his medical degree she jumps into the pool and cut to Robbie coming up from bath water Tuesday April 8 2014 he watches an airplane out of the skylight Marshall looks into the nursery and sees the younger twins who are staying at the house and are cousins He smiles and enters first mention of war Marshall owns a chocolate factory makes chocolate bars that won t melt due to hard casing He seems to be creepily checking out Lola Briony writes another play rewrites her play she writes as an escape Robbie is writing an apology letter on a typewriter and throws it away he puts on a record cut to Cecilia smoking at a dressing mirror cut to Robbie typing alternate between them music stops as he rips up that paper he puts on another record and tries again Robbie writes an inappropriate message shown on the typewriter and laughs He addresses that one to her and handwrites a true apology letter on the outside of the letter his mother says he s not a bit like his father he replies cause I m all yours as Robbie is walking up the driveway in his tux he sees the younger sister whacking weeds in the meadow He gives the letter to her asking her to give it to her sister The film goes backwards to when he had left his room His real apology letter was left on his book the inappropriate letter was opened and read by by the Briony she gives it to Cecilia she greets their brother all happily Cecilia asks Briony if she read the letter panicked Flashback Briony asks Lola what s the worst word you can possibly imagine she tells Lola the Robbie is a sex maniac Lola encourages her to show them the letter This happened before she had given her sister the letter as she is shown giving her sister the letter again See Briony walking down the stairs notices a pendant that was put in Cecilia s hair enters study sees Cecilia and Robbie having sex against bookcase Tuesday April 8 2014 Flashback Robbie goes up to the front door Cecilia answers it he tells Cecilia the letter was never meant to be read the clock strikes we see her hair pin drop as they go into the library Cecilia says she thought if Robbie went away to medical school she would have been happy but she d found that she wasn t she says Don t you know He replies yes I know exactly he kisses her a clock is ticking and there s silence they start getting it on Cecilia tells Robbie that she loves him Cecilia notices Briony Without looking at her they awkwardly leave as Briony is left traumatized Briony comes to dinner sitting across from Robbie and Cecilia Cue awkward dinner talk about the summer heat Lecture 5 The shot Cinematography amp Mise EnScene Period film film that takes place at a time that the contemporary audience is not familiar with costume settings lighting must be chosen carefully ie Godfather In Atonementthe opening shot is in the nursery showing Briony s vivid imagination with her toys and art Cecilia s room is a mess carelessly throwing her stuff around Cinematography the study of everything about the camera use of color to emphasize use as motifs Composition what portion of the frame is used Atonement Briony points out the bruises on Loa s wrist Marshall points out they d given him a bruise too Cecilia wipes her lips on a napkin and sees blood the twins have run away they search we follow Briony as she nervously looks for people Tuesday April 8 2014 she comes across Lola being held down by a man she thinks was Robbie Lola says that he ran his hands over her eyes she lies to the man a clock and typewriter combine to make noise as she lies that she saw Robbie on Lola Silence as we pan to Cecilia then switch to typewritingclock beating as it switches back to Briony Interview of different people interspersed with shots of Briony getting the inappropriate letter and showing it to the parents Another note on the piano is played by Briony when a servant announces someone coming t s Robbie with the twins Mother tells Briony to go to bed cut to her lying down then she runs out of bed to see Robbie being tossed in the car and driven away by the police Cecilia watches from the door the beating of Robbie s mother s umbrella on the poice s car turns into typewriting beats as she zoom onto Briony s face cut to several years later in France it s the war English soldier hiding in an abandoned building Robbie has been a soldier He says he was given a choice stay in prison or join the army 6 months earlier flashback he s in a uniform nervously trying to work up courage to go talk to Cecilia who is a nurse they sit down for dinner Close up on their hand as she tries to hold his and he slips out of her grasp their conversation is stilted and awkward after she says she has to leave soon for the hospital She doesn t talk to her family she tells Robbie to come back to her cut to them saying a passionate farewell as she goes off to the hospital He leaves for war cut to him looking at a stack of envelopes with her postcard on top He and his two other soldier buddies are wandering separated from their unit Tuesday April 8 2014 Briony is doing nurses training at the hospital had written Cecilia saying she wants to meet saying she d finally realized what she d accused Robbie of Robbie experiences a moment of sunshine then the fog covers the area he s in again he has stumbled across a massacre of young school girls lying in the meadow flashback him getting dressed at a river Briony asking if she jumps in would he save her he says of course she jumps in he saves her he was angry with her afterwards claiming she could ve drowned them both change to him and his soldier buddies continuing to wander around His comrade are of lower class than him He writes to Cecilia saying the their story can resume reiterates that he will return and marry her and live without shame cut to a smoking battlefield he s walking out of it then can smell the sea runs through grass to find a battalion the British army They re shooting all the horses this is one long shot they see the boat soldiers burning letters a ragged beached ship cries of I m coming home and more poor downtrodden soldiers broken fighting amongst each others a burning ferris wheel in the background a bunch of soldiers singing a prayer then shows rubble soldiers using a merrygo round a tank cars destroyed boat lots of soldiers drinking and finally a shot of all that was previously shown of the whole encampment with the final shout of i m coming home cut to soldiers singing a song while Robbie looks for a drink he sees a movie playing in the basement of the place the soldiers are singing in the movie shows a couple kissing Robbie put his face in his hands cut to The buildings by the Dunkirk place Robbie tells his comrade to wait here as he follows a woman into a building more abandoned battlefield She looks like his mother he s hallucinating His mother tells him to sit down take off his boots She washes his feet He tells her he has to get back says he loves her that she s waiting for him cut to him going outside with his comrade Tuesday April 8 2014 His friend takes him a leaky basement makes Robbie lye down covers him with a blanket tells Robbie to get some sleep cut to him looking at photos w a match then backwards flashback of the vase and inappropriate letter reiterates his statement to find her marry her love her and live without shame scene of him being taken away by police this is played as if being rewound backwards she had told him to come back to him when he hugged her before being taken away by the police his friends tell him he keeps shouting in his sleep his friends tells him they ll be going away soon in the morning he says he won t say another word his friend looks sadstricken as Robbie falls back asleep London 3 weeks earlier beat of a typewriter that signals Brionydramatic scene March of nurses go around corner they enter into patient place Dramatic revelation lt s Briony at nurse school She is told her name is now Tallis not Briony See her in window reflection clock strikes she say there is no Briony BrionyTallis is typing on typewriter secretly her friend Fiona comes up to smoke She had written a story title Two Figures by A Fountain She says it s a young and foolish girl who misunderstands what she sees from the window Says she ll probably never finish it she is doing nursing as penance saying she s only now realizing what she had done as a kid She tells her friend she had a crush once on Robbie she said as soon as she told him she loved him the feelings disappeared a huge battalion comes in with many grievously injured men Briony thinks she saw Robbie but not him She s having a hard time with all the injuries but doesn39t have as bad a time as her other associates lights going onoff are a motif in the hospital Tuesday April 8 2014 she is instructed to hold the hand of a french soldier A bright red curtain shock as intense color is seen again for the first time in a while The french guy thinks he remembers Briony asks after her Says his name is Luc She says her name is Tallis They he says he remembers her mistaking her for an old girl friend Soldier talks about talks about the food in France as she uncovers his terrible head wound he tells Tallis that his mother thought they should get married soldier asks if she loves him Tallis says yes he asks her to stay awhile that he s frightened she tells him her name is Briony He dies the head nurse tells her to stand up and wash the blood off her face cut to old film of smiling soldiers getting ready to go off to war pulls back to Briony s face sound comes in to announce that what is going on in the home front Back to film being shown on television Queen Elizabeth shown visiting the chocolate factory Marshall is marrying Lola her cousin cut to Briony walking around in London cut to her sitting at a wedding at the place when the marriage priest says his bit typewriting sound comes in flashback reveals that she had seen Marshall attacking Lola not Robbie Marriage couple exits passing her reveals they are Lola and Marshall cut to her walking back from the church people are leaving London She is looking for Cecilia Cecilia walks out in a bathrobe Briony says she tried writing her but Cecilia woudn t answer Briony says she ll try to explain to everybody the truth a man comes out of the bathroom it s Robbie Robbie is very angry at Briony says she was 13 now 18 He is so angry then Cecilia calms him down by holding his face and telling him to come back to me IO Tuesday April 8 2014 Her sister tells Briony to sit down and that there are some things she s gonna do for them Still very angry Robbie says that she must tell their parents it was Marshall They know that Marshall is immune to justice however Briony says in a broken voice that she s very very sorry he tells her to write it all down the truth no embellishments and then leave them be from the window inside is Robbie and Cecilia kissing pan down to Briony gathering her courage while leaning against the wall typewriter beats with the flickering light of the bus as camera zooms in on Briony cut to modern day Atonement with Briony Tallis a novelist saying I m sorry can we stop for a moment cut to her dressing room she settles herself while looking in her mirror She says back with her interview that it s her last novel She says it s her last book cause she s dying of vascular dementia she says it would be correct enough to call it her first novel when she tried to write drafts of it She hadn t changed any names except her own She told the absolute truth with no rhymes no embellishments she says she got first hand accounts to things she didn t see she said she couldn t figure out what purpose would be served by telling the truth She says that in fact she had never visited them they hadn t been living together Robbie Turner had died out in the battle field the last day of 1914 the last day of the evacuation had had never returned from the war his friend who had lay him down that last time said cheerio old pal and left him there dead Her sister was killed by the bombings of London in October so she had never been able to talk to her sister either Her sister and Robbie were never able to be together they had both longed for and deserved and Briony said she had always felt that she d prevented it She says what sense of hope could have been put in with that kind of ending So in the book she put in a different ending as a final act of kindness She gave them their happiness Tuesday April 8 2014 cut to ocean waves Robbie and Cecilia on the shore that her postcard to him depicted they are playing among the waves together Final scene their house on the beach Thursday April 10 2014 Lecture 6 Adapting a film from a book 11 author creates a treatment summary of the book the working idea of the film Writer puts together a screenplay from treatment 1 pg 1 minute working script the scenes are written down for the locations changes made according to location of shooting film change dialogueenvironment when students submit them beginning writers tend to use more dialogue than description but cinema is an opportunity to use most senses keep in mind it s a series of images example film Atonement how characters convey emotion through movement scene when Robbie gets to France in the dining room you see him nervously pacing when he sees Cecilia for the first time since he was arrested We see him notice her then walk back the way he came and take a minute to compose himself then look through the glass and sees her standing up and looking at him Then we see the upclose shot of their hands when she holds his hand all the strength seems to drain from him and you see him draw his hand away Then he makes a strangled noise when she tells him she has to go back to the hospital in a half hour Atonement a film about mistakes Mistakes about judging people the letter identifications interpreting and war people put in positions they cannot escape Points out pointlessness of sending people away for war Robbie was at Dunkirk when he died a bay where soldiers were entrapped The evacuation of the soldiers was marketed as a daring success for the British but in reality the evacuation was a mess killing of horses sunken ships with people in it 12 Tuesday April 8 2014 The placing of a ferris wheelamusement park ride signaled how war was a hideous game started by people who did not know how to end it Aircraft seen as a motif first seen when we se Robbie in the tub before he has dinner with the family he s excited about the night and then an aircraft goes over him that he sees through the skylight in the roof Scene shown The incredibly long take of the war starts with Robbie saying he can smell the sea he runs to find the encampment at Dunkirk it s like something out of the Bible He talks to the captain who calls the beach a fucking disaster and is told to be happy he s not wounded cause they ve orders to leave wounded behind see men shooting horses dead pass by a torn stranded sail boat soldiers burning letters shouts of soldier saying i m coming home first view of ferris wheel as we see disturbedwounded soldiers sittinglying down dejectedly soldiers singing psalms on a gazebo about giving them them the voice of calm first sign of Robbie s sickness as he walks in front of ferris wheel Robbie says he need something to drink soldiers hitting cars and tanks to keep enemy from taking them they enter into an abandoned movie theater Robbie takes one last look at the entire scene of abandoned ships straggling soldiers ferris wheel Man shouts i m coming home as we hear the psalms again Result of taking a really long shot audience holding a breath Robbie can t say he s wounded bc the wounded would have been left behind He dies from blood poisoning from his wound Robbie was at cusp of dead lines for the discovery of penicillin for the evacuation for revolution of pharmaceuticals that save more people goes to war before he was suppose to go to medical school etc Tuesday April 8 2014 Robbie thrown in jail while the true pedophile profits from the war with his specially made chocolates Cecilia was shunned by family when she took Robbie s side serves with compassion as a nurse Briony serves with cold clinical aspect until she is next to the dying French soldier Motifs Film begins with sound of typewriter England 1935 Robbie puts distance between himself by typing then he writes a sincere apology by hand First scene shot a doll house of the house the family lives in It is summer summer heat is shown through insects summer heat heat of passion Briony conceited selfish righteous liar sees things that are not there later frustrated with guilt throughout her life ordinary gestures such as Robbie stopping Cecilia from stepping on the sharp shard was taken as a violent gesture by Cecilia I could never publish the real story If she accused Paul Marshall she couldn t have published the book immediately bc then he had so much money he would have destroyed the publishing house Instead she masterminded a happy ending that never happened Elder Briony has a lot of guilt but she deprives them of agency when she changes the real ending she manipulates them again She says she would have conjured them sitting side by side at her play Suggests that the character still has that desire to manipulate the characters to the author s wishes Comment on fiction writing Misenscene what is put in front of the camera actors extras the set costumes lights very important Uses of a camera tracking shot crane shot hand held panning tilting eye angle low angles closeups in Atonement there are many face closeups to display emotion 13 Thursday April 10 2014 camera filters can be manipulated to make leading actresses look more beautiful in closeups different lighting diffused can be altered to light up or partially darken actors faces background is typically blurry space is deep but focus is shallow ie can see mountains in the background but mountains are very blurry while the faces are very clear Documentary about use of lighting in movies 1947 Oliver Twist clip Opening shot Oiver s mother walking while in labor Idea of responding to light See the mother as a silhouette against the white cloudy sky use of light is German expressionism High contrast in blackwhite is used to depict anguish of character cut to silhouette of thorny brambles against a silhouette to emphasis how the woman in labor feels In blackwhite films you had to have a good grasp of what photography was how to use light correctly 1920 s camera was unencumbered by sound was all visual and sound was added in later cameras were light able to shoot anywhere and very mobile Director of photography was in charge of light costume and makeup was used to help contrast in the lips and eyes and the character from the background 14