New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psych 355 week of notes

by: Shelby Nesbitt

Psych 355 week of notes PSY 355

Shelby Nesbitt
GPA 3.26

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

week's wort of notes for psychology & culture
Psychology & Culture
Dr. Kristy Dean
Class Notes
Pscyholgy, Culture, GVSU
25 ?




Popular in Psychology & Culture

Popular in Psychlogy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby Nesbitt on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 355 at Grand Valley State University taught by Dr. Kristy Dean in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Psychology & Culture in Psychlogy at Grand Valley State University.


Reviews for Psych 355 week of notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/17/16
Psychology & Culture Notes Class #32  SES & Physical Health o Allostatic load- cumulative wear & tear on the body due to chronic stress o But not all people that grow up in low SES households display this pattern. How are they coping?  Shift-and-persist hypothesis o Shift-and-persist hypothesis  Shifting involves adapting the self to the situation (secondary control)  Ex: cognitive appraisal  Persisting involves focusing on the future  Aids in behavioral persisting  These strategies fit with low SES experiences  When COMBINED buffer against the effects of low SES on allostatic load  Immigration & Health o The stress of immigration  Adjustment, prejudice & discrimination  However, the “Latino epidemiological paradox” o Video: “Unnatural Causes” segment “Becoming American” Class #33  Mental Health o Normal vs Abnormal Across Cultures  Are syndromes evident across cultures?  Is prevalence similar across cultures?  If differences arise, why?  Are symptoms/causes similar across cultures?  If differences arise, why?  Relatedly, when are differences significant enough to call a disorder “culture-bound” vs a specific type of “universal” disorder?  What are the characteristics of a disorder?  Deviation from normal  Impairment  Distress o “Universal” Syndromes  Major depressive disorder  Prevalence across cultures  Similarity of symptoms? o Psychologization  Depressed mood most of day  Diminished interest/pleasure in nearly all daily activities?  Feelings of worthlessness, inappropriate/excessive guilt o Somatization  Significant weight loss/gain  Insomnia/hypersomnia  Fatigue or loss of energy  Kleiman’s (1982) examination of neurasthenia patients in China o Used outdated diagnosis for patients who would be diagnosed with major depressive disorder in U.S. o Most patients showed more physical symptoms o *difference in manifestation of symptoms  Why these differences in symptoms across cultures? Because of cultural differences in… o U.S. tend to be more open about our personal emotions, other countries don’t o Social costs of having a mental illness  Degree of stigmatization  Effect on social (dis)harmony o What symptoms people notice  Internal vs external focus  Physical ailments create secondary psychological symptoms; thus sadness is implied vs explicitly communicated o Emphasis on the mind-body connection  Xinhuang (“heart panic”), xinlei (“heart exhausted”) Class #34  Universal syndromes o Social anxiety disorder  Symptoms?  Prevalence across cultures?  Social anxiety concerns more pronounced in East Asia o INT/social harmony associated with social anxiety o Higher rating on questionnaires o Symptoms perceived less negatively (more normative)  Ex: it’s normal to be anxious for a presentation  BUT more Americans diagnosed with SAD  Why this discrepancy?  People in the U.S. see it as less normal  People in collectivistic cultures are more accustomed to social interactions & possibly being evaluated  Why the discrepancy between SA concerns & diagnosis in East Asia?  Different social norms for communication o U.S.= direct o Asia= not very direct/more indirect  Different tolerance thresholds  Difference in symptoms  In the U.S. preoccupation with embarrassing self in front of others  In japan, additional preoccupation with offending or harming others o Misperceptions re: sweating/body odor o Concern re: direct eye contact  Culture-Bound Syndromes o Amok  Occurring in Malaysia, but also Puerto Rico…  Characterized by…  Brooding (social withdrawal, negative mood)  Homicidal frenzy (& automatism) “beyond their control”  Amnesia  Etiology (causes)?  No credible resources/research  Negative events (loss, insult), lack of sleep, alcohol, malarial fever…??  Cultural restrictions on behavior  Nonconfrontational behavior encouraged  Islam & suicide discouraged  Concerns for honor/respect, dominance o Is amok really culture-bound?  Why does amok occur in SE Asia? Could these factors exist elsewhere?  Cultural restrictions on behavior?  Concerns for honor/respect, dominance?  Is this a “universal” disorder and the culture is influencing how/why it is manifesting?  Depression?  Dissociative disorder?  Schizophrenia?


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.