New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Sociology 101- Chapter 10 Notes

by: Rachel Counce

Sociology 101- Chapter 10 Notes SOC101

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > SOC101 > Sociology 101 Chapter 10 Notes
Rachel Counce
GPA 3.9
Sociology 101-001 Intro To Sociology
Lesley Williams Reid

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These are the notes from both the book and Dr. Reid's in-class lecture for the week of February 9, 2015. Specific class date is February 12, 2015
Sociology 101-001 Intro To Sociology
Lesley Williams Reid
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Sociology 101-001 Intro To Sociology

Popular in Department

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Counce on Friday February 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Lesley Williams Reid in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 79 views.


Reviews for Sociology 101- Chapter 10 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/13/15
Rachel Counce February 12 2015 Sociology 101 Exam 2 Chapter 10 O Sosial Stratifisation a system by which a society ranks categories of people in hierarchy O 1 2 3 4 Social Stratification is a trait of society not simply a re ection of individual differences Social stratification carries over from generation to generation Social stratification is universal but variable Social stratification involves not just inequality but beliefs as well Soclal Structure Sosial mobiliw a change in position within the social hierarchy O Social stratification is found everywhere but exactly what is unequal and the degree of inequality differ from society to society O Historically societies only gained social stratification after the advancement of complex technology ex hunting and gathering society vs 2014 0 Closed system caste systems gt open systems class systems O Caste system social stratification based on ascription or birth agrarian societies 1 2 3 4 Determines the direction of a person s life at birth perform one type of work Demands that people marry others of the same ranking endogamous within Guides everyday life by keeping people in the company of their own kindquot Rest on powerful cultural beliefs O Class system social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement Categorizing people by their sex color or social backgrounds is seen as 0 wrong Work is not fixed at birth and involves personal choice Families can have different social standings Rachel Counce February 12 2015 O Meritoeraey social stratification based on personal merit 0 Expand equality of opportunity and teach people to expect unequal rewards based on individual performance O Social differentiation division of labor gt social inequality unequal access to valued resources and positions gt social stratification 0 Formal vs Informal 0 Open vs Closed 0 Ascribed vs Achieved O Functionalist theories of stratification Marx DavisMoore Function Differential Occupational Rewards Rank Scarcity Inequality ta39ent training O Critique of Functionalist theory 1 Undiscovered talent no opportunity to move up 2 Access to training but don t hold the talent for specific job 3 Training requires sacrifice 4 How differential do the rewards have to be 5 Supports the status quo O States eoosisteoey degree of uniformity in a person s social standing across various dimensions of social inequality O Structural social mobility a shift in the social positions of large numbers of people due more to changes in society itself than to individual efforts O ideology cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements including patterns of inequality 0 Marx criticized inequality as compared to Plato o Plato believed every culture considered some type of inequality as just 0 Reason that social hierarchies endure for so long O DavismMoore thesis states that social stratification has beneficial consequences for the operation of society 0 Some form of social stratification has been found in every society O O 0 Rachel Counce 0 February 12 2015 Increases society s productive efficiency more important positions require higher rewards to draw talented people to those jobs not let anybody do any job ie a surgeon Those who have jobs with the greatest functional important gain the most rewards According to the structuralfunction approach social stratification plays a vital role in the operation of society Socialcon ict analysis argues that rather than benefiting society as a whole social stratification benefits some people and disadvantages others 0 O Drawn on ideas of Karl Marx Explained two basic relationships to the idea of production either own property or are laborers Supports overthrowing capitalist society arguing that it reproduces the class structure in each generation passing wealth down from generation to generation Believed a socialist society would replace capitalism tending to the needs of many rather than an elite few Marx believed that need should form the basis of rewards given to people in a society Criticism of Marxism 1 Denies a central idea of the DavisMoore theory system of unequal rewards is necessary to place talented people in the right jobs and to motivate them to work hard 2 Revolutionary change Marx predicted has not happened in advanced capitalist societies No Marxist revolution according to Ralf Dahrendorf 1 Fragmentation of the capitalist class ability to hold stocks 2 Higher standard of living most people hold whitecollar j obs 3 More worker organizations allowed to hold strikes labor unions etc 4 Greater legal protections safer unemployment insurance disability and Social Security Haemcollac occapatioas lower prestige jobs that involve mostly manual labor Whitemcollar occapatioas higher prestige jobs that involve mostly mental activity Maer Labor Theow of Valae in order to make a profit there must be a difference in the cost of materials and the cost of labor ie paying a worker 1 for every 2 products that are sold at 1 a piece 1 profit 0 Don t get paid more for working harder class con ict Rachel Counce February 12 2015 O Counterpoint how Marxism theory is still relevant 1 Wealth remains highly concentrated 2 Many of today s white collar jobs offer no more security income or satisfaction than factory work a century ago 3 Many workers feel stressed by high unemployment companies moving overseas company downsizing and job benefits being cut 4 The income and benefits that today s workers do receive come about through the class con ict Marx described 5 Although workers have legal protections ordinary people still have disadvantages 9 Max Weber Differences from Marx O Viewpoint on class position did not think of classes as well defined categories but rather as a continuum ranging from high to low Multidimensional ranking First dimension class position Second dimension status Third dimension power Each dimension stands out at different evolutionary points in society s growth gocioeconomic status SEES refer to a composite ranking based on various dimensions of social inequality Marx thought societies could eliminate social stratification by taking away private ownership overthrowing capitalistic ideas but weber doubted that overthrowing capitalism would significantly lessen social stratification O Kuznets Curve 0 Technological advances first increase and then moderate the extent of social stratification Agrarian societies greater inequality is functional Industrial societies benefit from a more equal society Curve reverse itself as greater equality comes about Broken line represents the postindustrial society in which economic inequality increased Criticisms Income inequality re ects not only technological development but also political and economic priorities of a country This curve was developed by comparing societies at different levels of economic development


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.