RUSS 280 Notes (4/12/16 - 4/14/16)
RUSS 280 Notes (4/12/16 - 4/14/16) Russ 280
Popular in Intro to Russian Civilization
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Lensch on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Russ 280 at University of South Carolina taught by Prof. Kalb in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Intro to Russian Civilization in Russian at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 04/17/16
▯ Communist Party vs. "A Just Russia" Party ▯ Aspiring politicians wanted to get on board with a united Russia ▯ Public opinion in polite/positive about Putin and his rule ▯ Survey companies conduct phone surveys on Putin's performance in presidency ▯ Putin is popular --> restored Russia as a world power, great economic power o Restored patriotism, pride, and motivation in Russia ▯ On Crimean peninsula, nearly 85% were Russian New National/Federal Organization ▯ Putin has created a national guard ▯ Rule of Russian and punish in a way that seemed fit ▯ Khrushchev removed from power in 1964 ▯ Lenoid Brezhnev became Soviet Head of State until his death in 1982, at age 75 ▯ Strengthening agriculture and energy on Soviet arms system and space system ▯ First man in space (Yuri Gagarin, 1961) ▯ Stagnation: bureaucracy, governmental corruption, system breakdown ▯ Party elite were doing fine/prospered (corrupt) Difficulties on Cultural Front ▯ Joesph Brodsky trial 1964, exiled 1972 o Accuse him of "social parasitism" ▯ Sinyavsky-Daniel trial 1965: clear signal to intelligentsia that "Thaw" over ▯ Other leading cultural figures exiled, such as Solzhenitsyn in 1974 Guitar Poetry ▯ During Khrushchev period ▯ Scholar Gerald Smith => part of upsurge ▯ "Bards" ▯ Reacting against writing about communism o Bards instead write about individualism and bad stuff that happened Bards ▯ Tape recorders beginning to be available --> music circulated on unofficial home-made tapes ▯ Russian underground culture: gypsy romance, the prison song ▯ Individual emotion ▯ Bulat Okudzhava, 1924-1997 o "Patriarch" of Russian guitar poet/bards o Parents arrested in purges o After Stalin's death, both parents rehabilitated o Okudzhava joins Party and becomes a member of the Soviet Writer's Organization o The portrayed "hero" in his poems --> problematic, too personal o He wasn't allowed to publish ▯ Vladimir Vysotsky, 1938-1980 o Writer, singer, actor o Very charismatic, colorful o Actor from 1964 worked with director, Yuri Liubimov, at the Taganka Theater, star of theater o 1971 --> played Hamlet o Appeared on radio, film, TV o Married French actress --> unheard of! o He died in 1980 (only in his 40s) --> people say he burnt out o Thousands went to his funeral o Bards important in presenting cultural alternative to official Party line ▯ Bard o Sand and wrote guitar poetry following in Okudzhava's footsteps, but much more volatile and shocking in style o Official condemnation => seen as anti-Soviet
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