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by: Alicia Wasisco

Upload 1 Music 262

Alicia Wasisco
GPA 3.4
Music 262 Rock Music: History and Social Analysis
Brian Carter

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Lecture notes for the week
Music 262 Rock Music: History and Social Analysis
Brian Carter
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alicia Wasisco on Friday February 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Music 262 at Washington State University taught by Brian Carter in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 81 views.


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Date Created: 02/13/15
Lecture Notes 2915 0 Phil SpectorSpector Records Little Symphonies for kids Invented the role of the modern producer Made the grandest pop records of all Worked with the RonettesDarlene LoveCrystals represent the peak of the girls groups Rocks first selfconscious fury into the realm of Art From KnobTurnerContractor to artistic director First producer to become a star in his own right Groupssingers were secondary in Spector s studios A true eccentric iconoclastic longhaired outrageously dressed First tycoon of the teen To know him is to love him of Sound Use of many instruments Anyone around the studio may have ended up on the recording Large list of studio musicians were usedbecame known as the Wrecking Crew Sessions could use up to 6 guitars 3 pianos 2 basses brasses winds Percussion Tambourines castanets bells marimbas and etc Take after take of layering to create basic tracks Overdubbed strings followed with the voices at the end Gold State Studios in Hollywood 0 Uptown 0 The Ronettes Inspired Spector s best work Became the Bad girls of pop Gogo girls in New York s peppermint lounge Sisters Ronnie and Estelle Bennett with cousin Nedra Talley Ronnie had a voice like Frankie Lymon from the teengers Spector married Ronnie Bennett Be My Baby 0 The Righteous Brothers Spector s last great success The Beatles arrival and decline of girl groups needed something different Soulful duo Bill Medley Bobby Hatfield used a wailing falsetto You ve Lost That Loving Feeling and the Push Toward Soul Rock and Roll was another name for RampB RampB itself was changing Artist tailored music to fit the trend Doowop was the most successful market p a 0 Wal w 390 IO 390 IO 390 0Ramp 0 Chuck BerryFats DominoLittle Richard only three to gain mass appeal 0 Black performers kept RampB in the pop market during the 50 s 0 Atlantic Records 0 Premier RampB label of the 1950 s 0 Continued its preeminence in 1960 s with soul music Excellent NY session players Paid performers fairly Top quality recordings Polished sound Ahment Ertegon and Jerry Wexler oul Pioneers Key element of soul The in uence of gospel music Soul mirrored the growing civil rights movement in America Three leading soul pioneers Ray CharlesSam CookeJackie Wilson Most significant development in the music of many AfricanAmerican artist in the early 60 s was soul 0 Emotional intensity from gospel tradition 0 Blended with the in uence of dance grooves 0 Soul also functioned as a unifying secular church 0 The 1 0 Not really Rock and Roll music 0 Drew form the entire spectrum of music 0 Church based music in uenced Arethar FranklinJames Brown 0 Had a great impact on pop music 0 Charted every decade since the 1950 s 0 Rise to popularity coincided with the rise of Rock and Roll 0 Singer songwriter arranger pianist and band leaders 0 Aka Right Reverend Ray Charles 0 Major in uence on both singers and pianists o Ignited RampB with the impassioned testifying of a southern Holly Roller revival meeting I Got A Woman Mess Around What d I Say 0 Lecture Notes 21115 0 Sam Cooke Known as the graceful voice in soul music Very different from Ray Charles Voice is a more oating quality compared to Charles Important to the development of soul music Gifted singersongwritersuccessful businessman Wrote many of the songs he recorded Became a matinee idol The sexiest man in gospel Shot to death in December 1964 at the peak of his career 0 O 0 Major in uence to many like Marvin Gage Otis Redding Smokey Robinson Steve Perry and others 0 Brought his melodic style of gospel to pop songs with graceful ease 0 You send me Wonderful World Chain Gang 0 J ackie Wilson 0 Enormous range and sheer powergreat instrument of RampR 0 Sweeping register leaps rich vibrato falsetto breaks was his trademark One of the most misdirected in the business Energetic and agile showman Back ips cartwheels moonwalker handstands While singing It was better to see Wilson in concert First minor hit was Reet Petite Written by Barry Gordy old friend from boxing days Used all styles of gospel singing 0 Wilson s tragic end Two sons gunned down in Detroit 0 Shot and nearly killed by a crazed fan Collapsed on stage during 1975 concert Lapsed into a coma and remained in a hospital with little help In and out of a come for nine years and then died in 1984 Money was raised to put a headstone on his grave in 1987 0 J ames Brown 0 Paved the way for others such as Redding Wilson Pickett Sly and the Family Stone Became known as the Hardest working man in show business Also became known as the Godfather of Soul Early music from gospelRampB Like Ray Charles brought the church to the music but in a much more frantic level Harsh voiceone of the hardest in RampB Unique soundgroove referred to as The One Never had a number one song on the RampB charts But had 17 1 songs on the RampB charts Highly syncopated rhythms using the choked chord guitar sound Broken bass lines major in uence on funk music Explosive horn riff with a tight rhythmic punches Was overshadowed by the British Musician Please Please Please I Feel Good 0 390 IO 390 390 IO 390 O 0 390 IO 390 Lecture Notes 21315 0 The 60 s soul artists of Memphis 0 Otis Redding O Soloman Burks 0 Wilson Pickett 0Soloman Burke 0 Brought a country in uence into RampB o Burke never celebrated a number one hit on the pop charts but enjoyed many hits in the RampB charts Just out of reach of my two empty arms Never made a major impact upon the pop audience Established career with country tuneJust out of reach Important in uence upon the Rolling Stones Had a smooth lush voice with passion and power If you need me 0 Wilson Pickett Atlantic s best selling southern soul performer In the midnight hour one of the most successful songs of soul era More volatile singer than Burke Known as the Wicked Pickett Much emotion in the music and Viscerally exciting Lasted 23 weeks on RampB charts and 12 weeks on pop charts Land of 1000 Dances Mustang Sally 0 Instrumental SoulMemphis 0 IO 390 IO 390 IO 0 O 0 390 IO 390 IO 0 Formed Booker T and the MG s 0 Atlantic records merged with Stax Records 0 Resulted in a group of top level studio session players 0 Became the backup musicians for many of the Atlantic recording artists 0 Produced some big instrumental hits in the 60 s Green Onion 0 Featured in the Blues Brothers film 0 Green Onions 0 Otis Redding Skilled at delivering ballads with passion Earned a reputation as leading performer of soul ballads In uence by early Little Richard Communicated with the audience These arms of mine and launched him as a solo artist Uptempo s scored in the pop market SatisfactionShakeI cant turn you loose Financially stable and extremely popular in the black circuit His performances at the Monterey pop festival gained him a wider audience His rise cut short when he died in a plane crash in December of 1967 Sittin on the Dock of the Bay released after his death was his biggest hit


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