Psychological Theories CJ 300
Popular in Survey of Criminology Theories
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Hendrixson on Friday February 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 300 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Diana Dolliver in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 296 views. For similar materials see Survey of Criminology Theories in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/13/15
C 300 Lecture Notes February 13 2015 Psychological Theories of Crime PsychologicalTheories 0 Concept is similar to biological theories but looks deeper into the mind of the individual 0 Instead of biological abnormalities crime is caused by psychological abnormalities Crime is a symptom of a larger underlying condition Medical Model 0 These theories recognize the effects of an individual39s expedences Freudian Personality Disorder 0 Psychoanalysis behavior is the product of unconscious motivations o Freudian slip Oops Say one thing but mean another 0 Freud39s basic assumptions about human nature Believed we are all born inherently evil 0 Personality set at age 8 and doesn39t change We can39t follow the laws so we need to develop personality At birth antisocial subconscious Not at birth mediator conscious o Superego Not at birth ethical subconscious o Freud himself didn39t care about crime but his followers did They came up with 2 dominant explanations of why crime occurs Superego it too weak superego is too strong 0 Problems for Freud Tautological No empirical validity Personality Theory 0 A bit different from psychoanalysis Didn t follow Freudian thought that characterizes each person We develop good and bad personality traits throughout life or do we 0 Half believe that we can changer personality over time 0 Personality a relatively consistent pattern of thoughts feelings and behaviors o Are there personality traits or disorders that lead to criminal behavior 0 How do we measure these traits Cl 300 Lecture Notes 0 Lots of tests out there MMPI Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory 0 Deals with mentally ill 0 CPI California Psychological Inventory 0 Research ndings on causative effects of personality and crime are inconsistent Antisocial Personality Disorder ASPD o Marked by the inability to follow socially appropriate behavior and a lack of ethical development 0 Psychopath Hare 1999 o 5 characteristics Lack of conscience Impulsive behavior Appears likable and charming Doesn t learn from experience Can39t maintain interpersonal relationships 0 No known cure 0 Problems identifying psychopaths D Tautological tests MMPI and Psychopath Checklist o Fixable Thematic Apperception Test TAT Look at picture and create a story Rorschach Test 0 Look at inkblots and tell what you see 0 Additional Studies 0 3 personality traits linked to juvenile delinquency Low responsibility maturity selfcontrol 0 Links between mental illness and crime Link 1992 devised two possible explanations What did he nd in his study of 700 NYC residents Surveys and police reports 0 200 mentally ill 0 Arrested at a higher rate and owned up to it o How to treat With counseling Why Change social environment CambridgeSomerville Youth Study 0 19371945 Delinquency prevention through individual counseHng o The experiment 650 adolescent boys 12 were quotproblemsquot and 12 were quotaveragequot The boys were randomly assigned to counseHng Back red 0 Problems Methodology Treatment group was more or less likely than control group to be delinquent Cl 300 Lecture Notes 0 More likely Other Programs 0 PICO Project Pilot Intensive Counseling Organization Treatment to boys from 19551960 Effective No 0 California39s ILevel Program Individualized treatment by subtypes Lasted for 2 years 3year follow ups Effective No 0 Policy Implications o Incorporating psychological counseling is a popular technique in various populations but studies stiII struggle with effectiveness What kind of effectiveness are we looking for Decrease in crimedelinquency Medicate personality 0 Psychopathic personality theory cautions AGAINST treatmentrehabcounseIing Made delinquency worse 0 More broadly speaking there were two problems TestabiIity Parsimonious
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