infancy chapter 11
infancy chapter 11 Psyc3260
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caoimhe Notetaker on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc3260 at Tulane University taught by Dr. Bourgeois in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Infancy in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 04/17/16
Chapter11: 24-36 months 04/11/2016 ▯ Motor and cognitive development Develop o Adult hand preference o Ability to draw simple visual units Physical play o Exercise play: playful locomotor movement that is physically vigorous Self produced actions o Active cognitive processing o Increased environmental awareness Private speech o Use language to self-regulate Play o Imaginative pretend play liquidating pretend play Liquidating: usually after child experiences something unpleasant or threatening o Pretend role play Imagination and dreaming introduce new fear Memory development o Autobiographical- sense of once own life events, created in conversation with others o Procedural o Participatory (relived) Understanding others o Develop categories for people o Emergent theory of mind o Girls- more caring and concern for others distress o Level of understanding associated with relationship to others o Develop conceptual self Autobiographical history, theory of mind, and self identity o Gender identity and labeling Don’t see gender as stable yet Socialization “doing gender” ▯ Emotional development Laugh o Comment: exclamation o Chuckle: soft/low. Mild amusement o Rhythmical- longest highly aroused o Squeal: long high shrill Increase regulatory skills o Effortful control Anger- o Physical aggressions Highest during this period Longer lasting negative moods o First signs of depression Can talk about feelings ▯ Social and language development Spurt in Mean Length of Utterance Acquire nouns faster than verbs Source—path—goal (order of decoding sentences) Development influenced by temporal relations Overregularization (+ed) (+s) Contractions After mastering subject-verb-object component of sentences begin asking questions Confuse R, L and say w (glass) (gwass) Conversation often adult direction ▯ Family and society Increased verbalization to peers Engage in mutual social play Adapt to behavior to situation Siblings and attachment style affect sociability No siblings/ oldest sibling= most sociable Younger siblings follow older siblings and pay close attention to them Older siblings give direction, use motherese With new baby confrontation increases and positive involvement with first born decreases Older siblings are quick to aid younger siblings in conflict with parent Siblings talk about emotions with each other Siblings relationships based on: each ones relationship with mom, older siblings prior relationships outside the family, sex/age difference, temperaments, parental intervention in disputes ▯ ▯
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