Week 9 notes
Popular in cultural anthropology
Popular in Liberal Arts
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Kamen on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to anth 207 at Towson University taught by Scott Buresh in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see cultural anthropology in Liberal Arts at Towson University.
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Date Created: 04/17/16
4/12/16 • What is it and how are we to think about it? • Cultural definition: the process by which the experience of everyday life, marked by the diffusion of commodities and ideas, can foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world. James L. Watson In Encyclopedia Britannica • Economic definition: the freedom and ability of individuals and firms to initiate voluntary economic transactions with residents of other countries. World bank • The outworking of expansionist and exploitive capitalism. Karl Marx • Global interconnectedness; the growing integration of the world; the intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole. Robertson • The increased velocity in the transfer of ideas and products along with the increased volume of consumers and products and an increased variety of products that are much more visible than ever before. Chanda • increased awareness of the interdependency of the world’s societies economically and environmentally. Roberts Agents of Globalization • Adventurers: Ibn Battuta, Marco Polo, Magellan, migrants, and tourists • Missionaries: Buddhist, Muslim, Christian, and secular NGO’s focused on human rights and the environment • Warriors: Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Ghenghis Khan, British Empire, US vs USSR • Traders: Marco Polo, Malays, Venetians, fur traders, slave traders Iberians in America • Spain and Portugal’s expansion into the New World Key Dates • 1492 Columbus sails to the Caribbean • 1521 Cortes completes conquest of Mexico • 1533 Pizarro captures Cuzco • 1541 Establishment of Santiago, Chile Consequences on Iberian Conquest • Catastrophe decline of indigenous populations introduction of smallpox, measles Portuguese Conquests • Focus on cash crops plantations slavery sugar Flow in Human Slaves from Africa • 14511600 275,000 • 16011700 1,341,000 • 17011810 6 million • 18101870 2 million • Today: 27 million (International Justice Mission) 4/14/16 SocioEconomic Factors in Contemporary Experience of Globalization • Mercantilism • Capitalism • Industrialization • Modernization vs. Dependency Political Economy • Adam Smith • Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels • Max Weber Fragmentation of Social Sciences • Sociology: concerned with social cohesion and order • Economics: concerned with markets • Political Science: concerned with social control and contracts Anthropology: The Child of Imperialism • “modern” societies as progressive growth evolutionary: seeing • diffusionist: emphasizes shared aspects of culture • functionalist: views societies as autonomous wholes • evolutionary revival: more complex interplay of traditional with the modern Symbolic (linguistic): Focus on meaningful communication within an autonomous society Return to Holism • Karl Marx and the centrality of production • Immanuel Wallerstein and world systems theory • Eric Wolf: all societies are both agents of capitalism and “victims”; placing anthropological theory in historical context and viewing historical events through a theoretical lens that recognizes the relationships between societies
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