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Notes for the week of 4/13/2016 for Western Civ

by: Katharine Anthony

Notes for the week of 4/13/2016 for Western Civ HIS 104

Marketplace > Pace University > History > HIS 104 > Notes for the week of 4 13 2016 for Western Civ
Katharine Anthony

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Notes on World War one and the 1920's-1930's
History of Western Civilization 1815-Present
Michael Rosenfeld
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katharine Anthony on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 104 at Pace University taught by Michael Rosenfeld in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see History of Western Civilization 1815-Present in History at Pace University.


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Date Created: 04/17/16
Why was the great war called Great?  Great means on a massive scale o 10 million causalities o Opened up a era of total war o World War 2 had larger casualties because of the fact that there were many civilian losses.  Aerial combat meant that there was individual warfare. Unlike on land soldiers who are simply masses. o This leads to dog tags being created o Renoir Grand Illusion   About airplane fighters How do we memorialize the dead when so many have died?  Statues o Kathe Kollwiz' Grieving Parents  Massive cemeteries  Tombs of the Unknown Soldiers  Séances became popular in the late 1910's and 1920's because many times no one knew what happened to people or bodies. Memories were also lost by soldiers causing for years and years people to search for missing family.  Dulce et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen  Arlington o We bury our war dead here. The monument The tomb of the unknown soldier is there. Appeasement happened in the 30's with the rise of the fascists because many of those who had been through the first world war did not see a reason for there to be another slaughter like the first world war was. Interwar years Einstein Freud Woolf Hirschfield Hemingway  The Sun Also Rises o Set in Paris because it's one of the biggest cities along with Berlin of being cosmopolitan and modern o Barnes = symbol for broken world, everything has been turned on its head and everything everyone believed after the war, what was there to believe in. Film  Increasingly important to values and entertainment  M- German film that deals with how the world has changed and is topsy turvy D.H. Lawrence  The novel deals with an English country gentleman who goes off to war to return paralyzed from the waist down. Has a lovely young wife and he tells his wife it's cool if you get pregnant and he'll treat the kid like it's his own. This eventually happens, he's shocked because the child's parent is not someone in good taste at all. (It was the gardener) Example of the broken world. Lady Chatterley's Lover T.S. Eliot Fascism and Communism starts to come into existence. The Bloomsbury movement happens. Futurism  Racial bigotry Woodrow Wilson  President of US 1912-1920  "He kept us out of war" then he brought us into WWI  One of the more racist presidents (in terms of like he fired all higher ranking African Americans.)  14 Pt. Plan  Dies 1924 from cerebral hemorrhages Vladmir Lenin  Russian revolution  Communist  Dies 1924 from cerebral hemorrhages League of Nations  Useless in stopping world war II  Was created by Woodrow Wilson  The United Nations was the descendent of this Benito Mussolini  Takes poweer1922  Thought democracy was dead  Fascist Adolph Hitler  1933 Tries to overthrow the government in 1923   Thought democracy was dead  Fascist Fascism= super conservative patriarchal nationalism (deeply anti-Semitic) Tons of people were pretty sure history was going to be Fascist v.s. Communists Cambridge Spies  Group of college kids from leading families in GB  Become soviet spies  Share news of GB and USA stuff to the Soviet Union  They were not caught for a while because of their class  Did not know about Potemkin villages, or the horrors of soviet union Bloomsbury  Began in Pre-War  Started at Cambridge  This group is known for writing a bunch of books o Virginia Woolf  Once proposed by Straighchey  Eminent Victorians  Friendship is most important thing  No right that you could own another person.  No use for religion  Moral choices that individuals should follow their own tastes  John Maynard Keynes o Super important economist o General Theory of Money o Deficit spending creator  Lytton Stachey Jazz  Nazi Germany called it degenerate music  It caught on in Europe because of US army that went overseas.  James Reeves Europe  Mussolini also hated Jazz and America. Homework: Museum Paper- Due April 27


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