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American Revolutions, April 14

by: Katrina Salamon

American Revolutions, April 14 HIST 0848-002

Marketplace > Temple University > History > HIST 0848-002 > American Revolutions April 14
Katrina Salamon

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These are the notes for American Revolutions, the week of April 14 (only one class held)
American Revolutions
Silke Zoller
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katrina Salamon on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 0848-002 at Temple University taught by Silke Zoller in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see American Revolutions in History at Temple University.


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Date Created: 04/17/16
 How did the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq influence US society?  Us wars in Iraq and Afghanistan  o Became central issues in political life of the nation and how the us was  perceived around the world o Mobilized millions in the US and internationally o People within and beyond US responded differently to Afghanistan than in Iraq o People understood the relationship between 9/11 and Afghanistan o It was more popular with Americans than people around the world o 90% of Americans approved of the action  Selling the Iraq war o Bush and his closest advisors alleged that Saddam Hussein had weapons  of mass destruction and was prepared to supply them to bin Laden and  other terrorists o 2002 State of the Union Speech: “Axis of Evil” o June 2002: Bush Doctrine  Preemptive action would become focus of new US policy o Fall 2002: bush administration began a concerted effort to convince the  US public and allies to support an invasion of Iraq  Road to Iraq War o September 2002: Hussein permits UN weapons inspectors into Iraq o October ’02: Congress voted in favor of the “Joint resolution to authorize  the use of the US armed force against Iraq” o December: UN weapons inspectors begin work o January 2003: they finish work o February ’03: US presentation before UN o March: US invades Iraq o Congress people’s statements on Iraq: John Kerry, Hillary Clinton, etc. not making very positive comments about Iraq—not convinced o Still, congress votes the “joint resolution etc. etc.” o They justify their votes by saying that the President is saying that this is  important for US national security, so they voted it on.  o However, no evidence of weapons of mass destruction are found (said in  the presentation). However, Bush sends Colin Powell to the UN to present  an argument for a war in Iraq. Making claims based on faulty premises.   US support for the Iraq War o Despite lack of proof of Iraq’s threat to the US, bush admin. Maintained  that they could not wait for an attack on US soil as “proof”, and Iraq had  connections to terrorists and al Qaeda o In the lead up to the invasion of Iraq in march 2003  68% of Americans believed that Iraq played a roll in 9/11  May 1, 2003, US invades Iraq, with no UN mandate  Turning Opinion o American domestic anti­war sentiments were muted at the war’s start o Internationally, the Iraq war from beginning to end, was wildly unpopular  Unprecedented display of global public opinion fervently lined up  against us policy o By 2004, many Americans turned against the war  Reasons for slow opposition o American war effort appeared to be a success o Anti war activists and critics were reluctant to speak and organize against  the war in the beginning out of respect for those serving  Memories of Vietnam era controversies o Few nationally prominent officeholders stood against the war  2004 Presidential election o democrat John Kerry opposes war  bush administration labels him “flip­flopper”  he says he never would have supported it had the Bush  administration been honest about the war o Abu Ghraib scandal  Grave human rights abuses at US detention facility   Pattern of behavior   New political organizing o No massive public protests  o Blogs, “netroots activism” o Progressive anti­war activists at the “netroots” threw themselves into  electoral politics  Championed anti war democratic candidates around the country  Raised money  Promoting and participating in grassroots activities such as  registering new voters, canvassing districts to identify sympathetic  voters, and working on election day to bring voters to the polls  Electoral results o In 2006 democrats seize majority in congress o In 2008 Barack Obama is elected president 


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