Victorian Anthropology and Civilizations Compared
Victorian Anthropology and Civilizations Compared ANTH 1002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Estefania Notetaker on Friday February 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1002 at George Washington University taught by Sarah Wagner in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 212 views. For similar materials see Introductions to Sociocultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 02/13/15
Victorian Anthropology and Civilizations Compared January 23 2015 Lecture A The Emergence of Anthropology the enlightenment and 19th century rationalism a Portrayal of indigenous man i He was the quotexotic otherquot as the subject of study 1 Exotic otherquot 9 Savage and primitive a Definition closely linked with race and politics b Anthropology has dubious origins c How did it come about 9The enlightenment the age of reason i Mid 17th century through 18th century ii A set of values more than ideas that gives priority to knowledge 1 Not just new ideas based in science but values that place importance in those iii Descartes Newton Harvey Voltaire Locke Smith 1 Age of empiricism knowledge derived from experience and what you can physically test 2 A whole new way of pursuing knowledge iv Scientific revolution and scientific methods 1 Not limited to physics Philosophy Economics and social theory greatly in uenced and pushed 2 Age of reason 9Humans are rational actors a Capitalism and economics are products of enlightenment B Darwin and The Origin of Species 1 Charles Darwin i 18091882 ii Darwin had lots of caution in publishing his work not because he wasn t sure of his finding but because of the revolutionary nature of his ideas 1 He faced incredible criticism 0 Man Is But a Worm Almanac 1882 b The Origin of Species 185 9 i Provided a way of thinking for biology but also for the contemplation of the diversity in social ii Touches outside of the natural sciences and into the social sciences 9 Anthropology C Romanticism a Push back against rationalism We are more than minds we also have hearts Its not all about the intellect there is soul and spirit b From here derived the idea of the quotnoble savagequot that drove anthropology i Rousseau 1 Straw man to get at political corruption He creates the noble savage for the argument against the industrial age and rationalism The untouched man is best a Archaic form of man9 he is a less evolved version of us 2 Develops of ideas of kind of social contract a Hobbes Life is short nasty and brutish War is the natural state of the international system i Social contract where you gave up freedom to a sovereign D Victorian anthropologist questions and methods a Victorian i Geographic locus England 1 Queen Victoria 18991901 ii Height of the empire 9 25 of the world population owed allegiance to the queen 1 Imperial times and conquests came with questions 9 Who are these people Are they like us Are we of the same species iii Monogenism One origin 9 we are all from the same original human Adam and Eve iv Pologenism 9Different species v Need to underwrite imperialistic endeavors 9 anthropology 1 Write a hierocracy that would allow the British to take control b Victorian Anthropologist i Armchair anthropologist 1 Not people who were traveling 2 Relied on secondhand resources a Colonial Administrators b Missionaries c Gentleman traveler d Naturalists ii Trying to make sense of the exotic other 9 providing a foundation for dominance over other cultures E EB Tylor and cultural evolution a definition of culture and outline of the M a Edward Burnett Tylor 18321917 Ladders and grades i First anthropologist to set out on a de nition for culture 1 Reread first paragraph of primitive culture a He writes that culture and civilization are the same b Complex whole not one thing but a mixture of interaction c Culture is social You get culture from social interactions ii Tylor published Primitive Culture 1871 defining culture as an object of study 1 He is a cultural evolutionist a Teleology iii Uniformity 1 Human beings are uniform a Uniform action of uniform cause i Even if we are separated by time and space 1 This at least provides the case that civilizations can develop 2 Civilizations can evolve b Psychic unity of mind we have all the same mental capacity F Glossary a Armchair anthropology Relied on secondhand sources for knowledge b psychic unity of manquotuniformitarianism EB Tylor c Cultural evolution Ideas that cultures evolve They can become more civilized or lose their civilization G Possible Exam Question a 0n Pg 8 what does he mean by this Why does he use the term species He is placing himself in conversation with the naturalist He is placing anthropology as a legitimate science Emulating the knowledge of empiricism and the naturalist
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