The Ethnographic Enterprise and Participant Observation
The Ethnographic Enterprise and Participant Observation ANTH 1002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Estefania Notetaker on Friday February 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1002 at George Washington University taught by Sarah Wagner in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 258 views. For similar materials see Introductions to Sociocultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 02/13/15
The Ethnographic Enterprise and Participant Observation January 30 2015 Lecture 1 Bronislaw Malinowski and Salvage Ethnography a Bronislaw Malinowski i 18841942 Born in Poland Studied in London School of Economics 1 Young scholar a Tools are good to gobut the object of study is disappearing 9 b Concerned about the contact between the new world and the old world The untouched new world is tainted by the west i The pristine bounded culturequot romanticism ii Salvage ethnography 1 To study and record cultural diversity threatened by encroaching westernization 2 Capture cultural diversity before is no longer diverse iii Argonauts 0f the Western Pacific 1 Malinowski conducted from 19141918 on the Triobrand Islands in Papua New Guinea 2 Participant Observation a Involved in everyday life and attempting to become part of it b He is a white man and he will use his privilege and status to understand iv Father of ethnographic study 1 Extended sustained presence amongst peoples 2 He revolutionized how anthropological study was done a Arm chair anthropologist i Ethnology 9Comparative analysis of different cultures b He said no thanksquot It is necessary for the anthropologist to go into the eld i Other advocated for sustain analysis but they will do so as inquirers rather than participants 2 Malinowski s guideline for research a What should we do i Outline the organization of the tribe of a tribe and the anatomy of its culture The Skeleton 1 Using concrete statistical documentation a Empirical approach 2 Organization a Count the people geographic b Genealogical diagram c Power structure 3 Anatomy a Who is who How did they get there ii Fill in the impoderabilia of actual life and type of behavior The esh and blood 1 Collected througth minute and detailed observation direct contact with informants 2 Imponderabilia that which you do not ponder do without thinking a You do it without asking questions 3 Class Exercise 9 a write down everything you did today until this moment b Using this list discuss with two people 9 urban campus culturequot 4 Re ection The little things get us places iii Collect ethnographic statements characteristics narratives typical utterance folkore and magical formulae as documents of native The esh and blood 1 Ask the people living in the culture how they think 2 Suppose that you a Speak the language b Have access c Participate iv All three combine to create the body of a culture 1 Possible SHORT ANSWER QUESTION v Emic vs Etic 1 Emic a Investigate how local people think b Native point of view c How do they perceive the world and categorize it How do they imagine rules for behavior What has meaning for them 2 Etic a Shifts the focus from the local observation categories observations categories explanations to those of the anthropologist b it is the scientistorientedquot approach where the ethnographer brings to bear an objective and comprehensive viewpoint to studying the culture vi Malinowski 1 He lingers in the two a He is the scientist and scholar But he tries to become part of the community and understanding their thinking 3 Edward Evan EE EvansPritchard s Witchard Magic and Oracles among the Azande 1937 Appendix Number Four Some reminiscences and Re ections on Fieldworkquot a Re ecting on ethnographic research and study b Pearls of Wisdom c Pg 243 9 Don t have the audacity to assume that as a participant you can become one of them i You are temporary guest 1 Recognize that you are different and be aware of that fact a Go back to reading Perhaps it would be better to sayPg 243quot 4 Glossary a Salvage Ethnography b Participant Observation c Imponderalabilia of actual life d Emic vs Etic i Approached to studying human cultures