History Week 12 Notes
History Week 12 Notes HIST 1020
Popular in World History 2
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meagan on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1020 at Auburn University taught by Tiffany Sippial in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see World History 2 in History at Auburn University.
Reviews for History Week 12 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/17/16
Holocaust/Genocide Primo Levi (1919-1987) o From Italy o Talent = chemist which helped him survive o Resistance group Justice and Liberty o Auschwitz liberated by Soviets o Survived with survival guilt Planet Auschwitz o May 1940 – Polish Political Prisoners o Iconic entryway into camp that consisted of the main train tracks o Geometrical madness Designed for a reason (organized) Goods and exterminating 0 amounts of rubber was produced at Monowitz Largest concentration camp in Europe 25 square mile complex Designed for the extermination of 12,000+ Jews per day Synthetic Rubber plant within complex (Monowitz) Rudolph Hoss st 1 Commandment of Auschwitz (1940-1943) Eventually writes an autobiography asking for forgiveness Himmler is overseer of entire system o Promotes dehumanization Camp Hierarchy o Commanding officer o SS o Prisoners Kapos (criminals) Sonderkommando (crematorium) Use to break spirits, create distrust among the ranks, and ward off uprising possibility Day in Life of SS officer o Karl Hocker’s photo album discovered in Frankfurt Germany in 2007 o Perspective from the members in the SS Normal life with families despite the killings and horrid conditions a few feet sway Sorting the Living and the Dead o Have quotas o Based on gender and physical appearance o Gas is used to kill rather than guns because it is cheaper an quicker o 30% sent to labor o 65% sent to gas chambers o 5% sent for medical experimentation Zyklon B o Cyanide based colorless gas In pellet form before it mixed with oxygen to activate it o Has a bitter almond smell o Caused dizziness, vomiting, and eventually death by asphyxiation Arbeit Macht Frei: “Work Gives Freedom” o They saying above the entrance gate o The workers felt a sense of promise of freedom if they worked hard Eventually realized that wasn’t true The “Demolition of Man” o Created a new identity while stripping their spirit o Remove clothing o Shave body hair o Spray with disinfectant o Clogs/rags to wear o Tattooed (1941) Originally placed on left breast Slow and covered by clothing o The tringle on the clothing Mark people as outsiders Given identity from officer whether or not they were really what they felt Red = Communist Green = Criminal Mentally III Purple = Jehovah’s Witness Pink = Homosexual (males Black = Anti social, gypsies, mentally III, lazy workers, lesbians The Barracks o Designed to house 52 horses o Will house 2000 human beings instead o Extremely cramped and dirty Dr. Josef Mengele : The Angel of Death o May 1943 o Had his own headquarters in Auschwitz o He wanted to understand the effects of Hypothermia (Luftwaffe) Malaria/smallpox/typhus Mustard gas Sea water Sterilization o Trying to understand the limits of the human body through these experiments Focused on the effects of pain The “Saved” and “Drowned” o Drowned = people who give up, don’t fight o Saved = people who do things they wouldn’t normally do in the real world in order to survive o Lifespan: 6 months Overwork Starvation Disease Exposure o Methods of survival? Gray zone of moral compromise which exists in the saved New language of Auschwitz o Resettlement = deportation to camps o Selection = choosing who will die o Bath houses/shower = gas chambers o Disinfection = gassing to death o Hairdresser = head shaver o Executed = shot trying to escape o Tomorrow morning = never Liberation of Auschwitz by USSR o 25 January 1945 o 1.5-2 million Jews killed o 7000 surviving prisoners 83% men 17% women Nuremberg Trials (1945-1949) o Trials after WWII o Find random body parts of people and try to bury them to help them fully rest o The leaders were not brought to justice (Hitler, Himmler) o Everyone who is on trial SS or Riefenstahl said they didn’t have a choice
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'