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Week 12 Notes

by: Eric Elguea

Week 12 Notes HIST 1301 - 001

Eric Elguea
GPA 3.4

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These notes are all for Week 12. Good luck on your papers!
History of U.S. to 1865 - 22096
Richard C. Foust
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eric Elguea on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1301 - 001 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Richard C. Foust in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see History of U.S. to 1865 - 22096 in History at University of Texas at El Paso.


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Date Created: 04/17/16
Monday, March 28, 2016 HIST 1301 Jacksonian United States - Second-Party System - Election of 1828 - Peggy Eaton Affair - Ordinance of Nullification - Indian Removal Act - Democrats vs. Whigs ID: The dirty election of 1828 Jacksonian vs Adams: Jackson democrats were the first to appeal directly for voter support though a professional party organization. Campaign: rich vs. poor and mudslinging. Jackson's Inaugural Festivities get out of control; tear up the White House ID: Peggy Eaton Affair: The Peggy Eaton Affair resulted in the resignation of several high-ranking politicians and dysfunction of the Jackson Presidency. ID: Ordinance of Nullification: increased tensions between states rights and federal supremacy over import tariffs, this S. Carolina ordinance declared that states had the right to reject federal laws. Jackson responded nullification is treason to union, federal law supreme law of nation. ID: Indian Removal Act/Trail of Tears: passed in 1830, this act forced Native Americans to leave their tribal lands and settle on federal lands to the west of the Mississippi River. Jackson does not re-charter National Bank says Fed. Bank policies only favor the rich and undemocratic. Common people applaud, but Bankers retaliate and cause inflation Martin Van Buren wins election of 1836 Election of 1840: William Harrison wins presidency and dies 32 days later. Death sparks controversy over presidential succession. Is VP now President? VP John Taylor becomes President 1 Monday, March 28, 2016 - Whigs • Formed in opposition to Jackson • Favored a strong national government and social reform • Power base lay in the industrialized North, as well ass among some southern planters - Democrats • Party of Jackson • Against interference from the national government • Power base in rural South and West and among urban workers in the North *Memorial for Professor Foust - April 5th 4:00-5:30 @ El Paso Natural Gas Center* 19th Century American Slavery/US chattel slavery - A legal or economic system in which principles of property law are applied to humans allowing them to be classified as property. Slaves are to be owned, bought and sold as property, and they cannot withdraw unilaterally from the arrangement. While a person is a slave, the owner is entitled to the productivity of the slaves labor, without any payment. A person may become a slave from the time of their capture, purchase or birth until death. Slave Culture - idea first promoted by African American professor John Blassingame in his 1972 book "The Slave Community: Plantation Life in the Antebellum South" he argues that US African slave culture developed around the 18th century on plantations in the form of folk tales, religion and spirituality, music and dance, and language. It included the retention of the remnants of African culture and was used as a form of developing community and resistance to enslavement. Black Codes - 19th century slave statutes that regulated the activities and behavior if blacks in the United States. The codes prohibited carrying of firearms, drinking liquor, public assembly, learning tho read and write, testifying against whites in court, travel pass laws, and anti-miscegenation laws (banning black-white relationships/marriage. *****READ "CELIA THE SLAVE"****** Gender, Religion and Reform - Middle-Class Family 2 Monday, March 28, 2016 - True Womanhood - Separate Spheres - Second Great Awakening - Temperance Movement - Abolition Movement ID: Middle-Class Family: a byproduct of industrialization is that a "middle class" develops and established the view that men alone should support the family and that women should remain at home and care for the children. ID: True Womanhood (Cult of Domesticity): a new ideal of womanhood arose during the nineteenth century which claimed that proper women should cultivate the following characteristics: piety, purity, submissiveness, and domesticity. Women's complete financial dependence upon their husbands proved disastrous when wives lost their husbands. Victorian Age women were to be prim and proper in public. Clothing covered the entire body, and even the glimpse of an ankle was scandalous. ID: Separate Spheres: middle-class society in the early nineteenth century viewed men's sphere as public: politics, economy, commerce, and law. Women'ssphere as private: child-rearing, housekeeping, and religious education. ID: Second Great Awakening: period of religious revival in the US between 1790 and the 1840s. It was based on the evangelical belief of the 2nd coming of Christ. It increased church activity, social activism, and the emergence of new Christian denominations. The revivals of the Second Great Awakening, while ushering in a more democratic spirituality, motivated the new middle class to pursue social reform. ID: Temperance Movement (crusade against alcohol): many middle-class reformers identified drinking with crime, poverty, and unproductive employees as well as a wide range of social, family, and personal problems. Ultimately, their crusade against alcohol was quite successful. ID: Extension of Public Education (1820-50): reformers sought to shape individual character, instill self discipline, and acculturate immigrant children. By teaching ,idle class morality, nationalism and respect for authority they turned "dangerous" immigrants into law abiding citizens. 3 Monday, March 28, 2016 Industrialization and extension of capitalist economy also leads to increases in poor debtors, mental health issues, and criminality. This led to the creation of state penitentiaries, asylums, poor houses, and the need for reform of these institutions. ID: US Abolition Movement (1688-1865): international movement of blacks and whites - intellectuals and clergymen - to end the slave trade and free the slaves. ID: ACS (American Colonization Society): was an early 19th century coalition between abolitionist and slave holders who supported "repatriation" of free blacks back to Africa. Free blacks from the US would be sent back to Africa (1821). W.L. Garrison founds the American Anti-slavery society in 1833. Radical Abolitionist risk death for their beliefs. Anti-slavery organizations and their activities drew violent reactions from slave interests. US Abolitionists argued that slavery was both immoral and illegal because it violated the principles of natural rights to life and liberty embodied in the Declaration of Independence. 4


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