SOC 1003, Week 13
SOC 1003, Week 13 SOC 1003
Arkansas Tech University
Popular in Introductory Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by KBeard2 on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1003 at Arkansas Tech University taught by J Stobaugh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 04/17/16
SOC 1003: Intro to Sociology Dr. James Stobaugh Week 13 (4/11 – 4/15) Notes Education History Early society – no formal education, basic survival skills, acculturation, children worked Classical society (Greece, China, North Africa) – beginning of formal education, considered luxury (“school” means leisure in Greek) Industrial Revolution & Universal Education – conflicting Christian groups in the U.S. o Jefferson & Webster wanted universal education to instill a nation culture o Education remained local, in communities willing and able to support it ($$) o Horace Mann – mid 1800s proposal for taxsupported schools Educate public (at least to functional levels) Payed for and controlled by public Diverse students and background (religious) Nonsectarian (not oriented towards one denomination) Welltrained professional teachers Longer terms and years Mandatory for all children to a certain age (official in 1918) Functional Perspective Knowledge and skills, dependability (credentials) Transmit values (individualism, competition) Social integration, national identity Social stability – blame for failures are internalized instead of fueling riots, “troublesome” teens are occupied Gatekeeping – tracking (AP, Smart Core, GT) Family functions – child care, sex ed Relationships (friends, significant others, spouses) Conflict Perspective – increases class differences and cultural bias (hidden curriculum) Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Rist – studied kindergarten classes, by 8 day students had been grouped st o 1 row fastest learners (lions) o 2 row average learners (cardinals) o 3 row slowest learners (clowns) RosenthalJacobson, “expected spurt” in performance raised teacher expectations increased student performance Problems Grade inflation Social promotion Standardized tests Religion Durkheim, Le Suicide (suicide rates in Protestants and Catholics) o Religion – beliefs and practices separating profane (common) from sacred, united a moral community Functions o Addresses the ultimate question o Emotional comfort o Social solidarity o Guideline for living o Social control o Adaption (immigrants in new cultures) o Government support Consequences of Media Intended – sell products Unintended – influences and spreads ideas Hay’s Code – early 1900s, designed to protect the “decency of media,” now irrelevant