public health notes chapter 9
public health notes chapter 9 Public health 2000
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by rh389814 on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Public health 2000 at Ohio University taught by Heather Harmon in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Intro to public health in Public Health at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 04/17/16
Chapter 9 notes: aging population Aged: “state of being old” Aging: “change that occurs naturally with age” Gerontology: “study of biological, psychological, and social processes of aging and elderly” Geriatrics: “branch of medicine concerning care of elderly” Ageism: “prejudice and discrimination against the aged Many myths about the elderly are not accurate, the reality is: o Many are active and well o Many still work o Many are still participating in the community (volunteer) There are significantly more elders today baby boomers are becoming elders Life expectancy has greatly increased over the years Labor force ratio: number of people actually working and those who are not Elder men are more likely to be married than elder women Elder women 3x more likely to be widowed. Number of divorced elders are increasing (50% of married couples get divorced today) More than a quarter of elders (not in nursing homes) live with another person o Only 4% of elders live in nursing homes o 80% own their house, 20% rent More than ½ of elder population live in 11 states: CA, FL, NY, TX, PA, OH, IL, MI, NC, NJ, GA Elderly population growing more diverse o 2010: 80% white, 9% black, 7% Hispanic, 3% Asian 9% of elders lived in poverty (2010) Sources of income: o Social security o Assets o Private pensions o Gov. employee pensions o Earnings Baby boomer generation is the most educated of the elderly population Health status is typically not as good as the younger population, although life expectancy and functional health has improved Mortality: o Heart disease, cancer, CLRD, stroke, Alzheimer’s are responsible for 2/3 of elderly deaths. Morbidity: o Activity limitations, chronic diseases, & impairments Typically have better health behaviors than the young population o Need more improvement in the areas of physical activity and immunizations o Obesity levels are increasing Elder abuse/neglect o Reports have been increasing in recent years
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