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POLS 2311 - Chapter 11: Political Party notes

by: Estefania Hernandez

POLS 2311 - Chapter 11: Political Party notes 2311

Marketplace > University of Texas at El Paso > Political Science > 2311 > POLS 2311 Chapter 11 Political Party notes
Estefania Hernandez

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Hey everyone! These are the notes for Political Parties and the notes essentially go more in depth than what she discussed during the class; examples are provided for some key terms as well! So...
American Government and Politics
Dr. Abha Singh
Class Notes
poltical, poltical, parties, parties, american, american, Government, Government, identification, identification, functions, functions, party, realignment
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Estefania Hernandez on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2311 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Abha Singh in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see American Government and Politics in Political Science at University of Texas at El Paso.


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Date Created: 04/17/16
Chapter 11 1 Political Parties The development of the Political Parties, 1800-1824 Ratification of the U.S. Constitution  Federalists supported strong central government Election of 1800  Thomas Jefferson vs. John Adams  Political parties intended to be temporary, not long-term structures Jacksonian Democracy, 1824-1860 Political Party Influence  Decreased at the national level  Increased at the state level due to expansions of the electorate Whigs and Democrats  Gave the US the first broadly-supported two-party system in the Western World The Golden Age 1980-1932 Party Stability  Characterized by the dominancy of party organizations  Era from end of reconstructions until reform of the Progressive Era  Highest voting time o Ended because of the New Deal and gave people the things they wanted for free without joining a party. Political Machines  Organizations that use tangible incentives such as jobs and favors to win loyalty voters o no longer legal, now it could be a bribe  Provided upward social mobility  Very organized and run entire election system o Ex: fundraisers, spokes person, party platform, makes sure candidates are winning The Modern Era Elections and social services changes  Ballot printing, other elections duties handled by government instead of parties  Roosevelt’s New Deal put social services in hands of government, not parties Candidate-centered politics NOT Party-centered  Shift to focused on candidates, their issues, and characters rather than on party affiliation Citizen Support and Party Realignment Alignment  How someone associating or identifying yourself with that specific party Party Realignments  Dramatic shift in partisan preference that drastically alter the political landscapes  Existing party affiliations subject to upheaval Critical elections  May polarize voters around new issues or personalities Secular realignments  More gradual shifts in party coalitions The National Party National Chair (Political Machines)  Often selected by president or newly nominated presidential candidate  Chief fundraisers and spokesperson National Committee (6)  Coordinates national convention and presidential campaign  Democratic national committee DNC  Republican national committee RNC National Convention  Every four years  Presents a positive image of the candidate  Serve as pep rallies  Delegates  Formerly selected by party leaders, now often elected in primary elections and caucuses  Super-delegates  Allow democratic party some control The State Party Roots of the Party  Virtually all government regulation of political parties is handled by the states  Vast majority of party leadership positions are held at state and local level Precinct  State executive committee  Fundamental building block of the party State executive committee Informal groups Chapter 11 3 Political Parties Official and semi-official groups  Affiliations of state and local party women  Affiliations with college campus organizations The Local Party Identifiers and voters Activists and volunteers (foot soldiers) Running Candidates for Office Raising Money  Well-developed networks of donors  Raise money and disseminate it to candidates Mobilizing support and getting our the vote  Public opinion polls and tracking surreys  Create TV advertisements  “Get out the vote” Election Day activities Formulating and Promoting Policy National Party Platform (Agenda)  Most visible instrument used to formulate, convey, and promote public policy  Each party develops a lengthy platform outlining its positions  About 2/3s of the winning party’s platform tends to be enacted  About ½ of the losing party’s platform tends to be enacted. Organizing government Parties in congress  Party members in congress select congressional leaders  Those congressional leaders hold enormous power The Presidential Party  President in informal party leader Parties in the federal courts Parties in state government Furthering Unity, Linkage and Accountability Party Role  Parties are the glue that holds elements of government and political structure together ~ unity  Link together branches of government  One more means of accountability ~ holding accountable for promises made Party Identification Political socialization Group affiliation Political Socialization ~ agents of political socialization Parents  Single greatest influence on political beliefs Other aspects of adult life  Marriage  Economic status Charismatic leaders  Franklin D. Roosevelt  Ronald Reagan Group Affiliation  Geography  Gender  Race and ethnicity  Age  Social and economic factors  Religion  Marital status Minor parties in the American two-party system  The formation and the role of minor parties  Barriers to minor-party The formation and the role of minor parties Characteristics  Single issues  Form because none other parties address their concern  They disappear because bigger party tries to make them join their own Obstacles  Transitioning from social movements to party is difficult Minor parties have had influence  Dixiecrats  Green party Barriers to Minor-Party Success Proportional representation ~ Democratic Party Chapter 11 5 Political Parties  Apportions legislative seats according to percentage of votes a party receives o Example: A= 40% B=35% C=15% with 200 delegates o A = 40% of 200 delegates o B = 35% of 200 delegates o C = 15% of 200 delegates Winner-take-all system ~ Republican Party  Party that receives at least one more vote wins the election Causes of Polarization Geographic divide  The US of Canada to the north  Jesus land to the south Stereotypes of political identifiers  Republicans as NASCAR  Democrats as Starbucks Wedge issues  Guns, god, and days  Abortion, gay marriage Consequences of Polarization Congress  Least productive in history  Lack of moderates, lower incentive compromise Consequences to electorate  Forcing moderate electorate to choose between extremes may increase voter


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