CLAS 202 - Week 1 Notes
CLAS 202 - Week 1 Notes CLAS 202
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alex Tucker on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 202 at University of Oregon taught by Jaeger M in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see Roman Life & Culture in Classical Studies at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 04/17/16
Why Search for the Romans? (Day 1) 3/28/16 “The past is a foreign country: they do things differently there”. – LP Hartley, opening line of The Go-Between (1953) - Continuity & Change - Intellectual Technology - Laudatio Turiae (inscription) - De Re Publica Palimset - ABCDEFGHIKLMNOPQRSTVX(YZ) th - Only capital letters (until late 8 C. CE) - Did not, at first have G or Y - C originally meant G - C replaced K except in few words st - Y & Z introduced 1 . C BCE to represent sounds from Greek words - Zythum = a drink made from fermented malt (beer) - What We Take For Granted - March 28, 2016 - Anno Domini or Common Era - Until “153 BC” - Martius, Aprilius, Maias, Lunis, Quintilus, Sextilis, September, October, November, December - After “153 BC” - Ianuarius, Februarius, Martius, Aprilis, Maias, Iunius, Quintilus, Sextilis, September, October, November, December - 31 days each (Martius, Maias, Quintilus, & October) - 29 days (rest except Februarius; 28 days) - grand total = 365 days / year - “46 BCE” A Very Long Year - Julius Caesar as Pontifex Maximus (chief priest) INTERCALATED enough days to make that year 445 days long - Aligned calendar year & solar year - Every 4 years, a day was added between Feb. 23 & 24 - Pope Gregory XII - 1582 omits leap-year 3 times every 400 years - Britain didn’t use Gregory’s calendar until 1792 - Greek & Russian Orthodox still use Julian calendar - March 28, 2016 CE (V Kal. Aprilis) - 2016 - 647 Olympiad - 8 year of presidency of Obama Why Search for the Romans? (Day 1) 3/28/16 st - 241thear of USA - 15 year after 9/11 - 27 year after destruction of Berlin Wall - 71 year after end of WWII - M. Porcius Cato “the Eldernd - Veteran of the 2 Punic War - Censor in 180s BCE - Author - Several published speeches - History of Italian cities - Treatise on agriculture - Cornelia - Daughter of P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus - Wife of Ti. Sempronius Gracchus - Mother of Tiberius, Gaius Gracchus, Sempronia, & 9 others who did not survive childhood - Turia - Wife of Quintis Lucretius Vespillo - Valeria A et G L Callityche Ornatrix - “Valereia, freedwoman of Aulus & Gaia, hairdresser” 2 ndC. AD Puteoli, Italy - Apuleius - Born c. 125 AD, in Madaurus, Africa - Philip “the Arab” - Came from Damascus - As emperor of Rome, celebrated city’s thousandth anniversary in 248 AD - Some General Characteristics - Patriarchal - Aristocratic - Patronage - Property qualifications - Slave-owning - Agrarian - Militaristic - Religious - Face-to-face Why Search for the Romans? (Day 1) 3/28/16 - Place & Time - Time (some dates for orienting ourselves) - Over 1100 years (753 BC – 410 AD) - 510 BC “Expulsion of Kings” – increased urbanization in 6 C. th BCE st nd - 264 – 201 BC (1 &rd Punic Wars) – Wars against Carthage - 149 – 146 BC (3 Punic War) – Carthage destroyed in 146 BC - 133 – 31 BC = century of unrest & Civil War - 31 BC = Octavian [Later Agustus] defeats Antony & Celopatra @ Actium - 212 AD = emperor (Caracalla) extends Roman citizenship empire-wide - 410 AD = Goths led by Alaric, sack Rome - 1453 AD = fall of Constantinople - Our Sources - Documentary - Inscriptions - Graffiti - papyri - Material - Art - Architecture - artifacts - Literary - Livy - Plautus - Suetonius - Apuleius Geography is Destiny: The Idea of the Middle (Day 2) 3/30/16 - Let’s think topographically - Traveling from Eugene Portland, “up” - Eugene Florence, “out” - Eugene Bend, “over” - Eugene to Portland - I5N, or Highway 99 - From S. end of Willamette Valley, confluence of Willamette & McKenzie Rivers to confluence of Willamette & Columbia Rivers - Eugene to Florence - West 11 until it becomes 126 - Follow Long Tom out of Valley to headwaters, then over Cougar Pass; go down Wildcat Creek to its confluence w/ Siuslaw @ Austa, down Siuslaw to its mouth - Eugene to Bend - Follow middle fork of Willamette River upriver to Willamette Pass - Descend along Odell Lake; follow Deschutes River North into Bend - Italy - Centrality of Mediterranean Sea - Coastal areas cut off from hinterland by mountains & deserts - Position of Sicily - Italian Peninsula - Long (~625 mi.) - Narrow (no more than 125 mi.) - 2 major mountain ranges - Alps - Apennines - Major Rivers - Po (flows into Adriatic) - On W side - Arno - Tiber - Liris - Volturnus - Climate - Moderate - Hot, dry summers Geography is Destiny: The Idea of the Middle (Day 2) 3/30/16 - Cool, wet winters - Good for olives & grape vines - 3 Major Regions on W Side - Etruria - Latium - Campania - One Ancient Explaination - Cicero, De Re Publica, Book 2 - A Palimpsest - Palimpsestos = “scraped again” - Practical & Moral Geography - From Cicero, De Re Publica (On the State) - According to Cicero … What is the most important feature of the site Romulus chose for Rome? - Maritime cities are exposes to many dangers - A practical point: For the mainland announces in advance enemy arrivals, both expected & sudden, w/ many signs, &, as it were, a certain clash & the vary sound [of their march]; - Another practical point: nor, indeed, can any enemy attack swiftly by land but that we know who he is & where he comes from - Moral Geography - Maritime cities, moreover, are subject to a certain deterioration & alteration of character; for they are mixed up w/ strange talk & teaching, & it is not only foreign wares that are imported, but even customs, so that nothing in the established practices of the country can remain intact. - What is the moral geography of the United States? - Let’s contrast some places: - Minneapolis - Las Vegas - Kansas - Iowa - California - New York City - A mobile society: Geography is Destiny: The Idea of the Middle (Day 2) 3/30/16 - Besides, those who inhabit such cities do not stay in one place, but w/ their expectation & intention always fickle they are hurried too far from home; & even when they stay put bodily, in their minds they wander as exiles. - Giovanni Francesco Romanelli - 1612 – 1660 - most famous painting is in the Louvre - And evil, evil luxury … - “moreover, many enticements to luxury, things harmful to communities, are supplied by sea, either as booty or as imports” - Maritime Cities vs. Inland Cities Maritime Cities Inland Cities - dangerous (exposed to attack) - secure (can hear enemy) - subject to strange, new - more stable languages & customs - people stick w/ plowing - necessities can be brought in - people wander & forget plow - luxury arrives first conveniently - Founding of the City (Rome) - It is an old story … & like so many Roman stories, it goes back to Greek mythology - Characters - Zeus - Dardanos - Erichthonios - Ilos, Assarakos, & Ganymede - All 3 play a part in the Roman foundation story - Greek Colonization - 8 – 6 C. BC - Magna Graecia: Sicily & S. part of Italian boot Being in the middle means being in the center
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