Black Studies 6: Civil Rights Movement
Black Studies 6: Civil Rights Movement
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This 6 page Reader was uploaded by Hannah DuVivier on Friday April 11, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 112 views.
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Date Created: 04/11/14
Black Studies 6 Civil Rights Movement 41114 909 PM 7 April 2014 What is happening in the world at the turn of the 18 centurybeginning of 19 century 9 Industrial Revolution is changing the basic nature of human society What comes out of the Industrial Revolution the scientific revolution machines etc Textile is the first industry cloth cotton Moving into the Industrial age what do you need 9 raw materials Raw materials become absolutely necessary how do you get raw materials 9 workers you need the labor to be in the colonies why do you suppress the slave trade 9 you need the labor where you are but the slave trade is moving the labor to the Americas At some point the relationship we had with England had come to a point where we want to separate We hold these truths to be sef evident not debatable that all men are created equal 9 a shot at the King because he does not see anyone as on his level Unalienable rights you can39t take them away And that among these are life liberty and the pursuit of property initially it said this The Declaration of Independence is not legally binding 9 it39s a declaration of war Our Founding Fathers were not stupid they knew that when they sent the declaration of independence that war was inevitable 9 they needed an army You cant get an army by using the word property in the declaration if most people in the area at that time were property 9 Benjamin Franklin said we can39t use the word property Why did we win the Revolutionary War our advantage was the French Articles of Confederation was a problem we have 13 independent nation states that act like independent nation states 9 they did their own thing not united Preamble of the Constitution We the People they are the elites but from their standpoint they are the people In order to form a more perfect union how can perfect be made more perfect 9 they39re rationalizing throwing out the government Establish justice what do they mean by justice 9 everyone doing what he s supposed to do when he s supposed to do it everything behaving in the way in which it is supposed to behave 9 they want to put the system together in a coherent manner in which everything is working as its supposed to be working Ensure domestic tranquility prevent revolution within the country Provide for the common defense prevent any power from outside from taking over Promote the general welfare and ensure liberty to ourselves and our posterity the elite families Section Notes 8 April 2014 1787 When Professor Madison says that Civil Rights starts Civil Rights from an epistemological standpoint study of knowledge traces knowledge 1787 was the root of the Civil Rights movement 9 thus epistemologically speaking we can39t discuss Civil Rights until we have citizenship Who was a citizen WASP white Ango Saxon protestant males Women39s rights were limited to the husband39s rights Tier 1 WASPs Tier 2 indentured servants 57 years of labor in exchange for transport from Europe and in order to get them acclimated into this new world some were kidnapped prisoners people of different ethnic backgrounds that were seen as lower class problem with indentured servants if they escape into society you cant tell them apart from other people Tier 3 everyone else Tier 4 blacks they are under the class system because they had no rights or citizenships 35 compromise they were not even considered a whole individual Founding Fathers the key players 39 Benjamin Franklin 7 Both slave owners wealthy businessmen Thomas Jefferson Ben Franklin a little more liberal changed the pursuit of property wording Property vs happiness 9 we can39t found our country and use principles that we basically ran from Thomas Jefferson would have vetoed the convention to make the Constitution so they sent him to France Ambassador to France TJ was in communication with Patrick Henry Plato39s Republic Gold ruling class Silver military Bronze working class As long as you have this structure in place there is a balance 9 working class supports military who in turn protects the ruling class Issue what happens if silver decides to be gold 9 when military rules 9 empire state 9 war Preamble Why did we write the Preamble 9 criticizing England and saying we were good there but we39re going to be perfect here Property vs Happiness Materials happiness Happiness satisfaction Thus materials bring satisfaction in the form of happiness 9 April 2014 The primary reason for chunking down the Articles of Confederation and replacing it with the Constitution was to correct the structural barriers that the Articles of Confederation put on the business of slavery Plato if the worker39s ruled we would have democracy the second worst form of government 0 If the military ruled it would be constant war Only 13 of the senate is up for election If democracy broke out it would be checked 9 checks and balances 11 April 2014 Our Founding Fathers were creating a nation state no longer a confederacy From the standpoint of our Founding Fathers the legislative branch was the one they were the most worried about they were worried it would have the most political significance 9 they split it up so the part of the Legislative branch that would represent the population as a whole was weak How a law works a bill can be proposed by any senator or person in the House 9 it is given to a committee 9 if its passed by the committee it is moved on to the House 9 if the House votes in favor of the bill 9 it moves on to the Senate 9 if it passes the Senate it has to go to the President of the United States to be signed 9 the President can either a sign it b veto it or c do nothing If the President vetoes the bill it goes back to the Senate and Congress can override the veto by a 23 vote 9 if the Congress overrides the veto it is a law if the President initially signs it it is a law If these people are upset by the law they can take it to court 0 The Supreme Court can either say it is constitutional or unconstitutional This is a process of checks and balances 9 the purpose of checks and balances in terms of the Senate and the House is that the elites could have a check on democracy if it were to accidentally break out 23 of the Senate is always stable only 13 comes up for election every cycle Initially the primary purpose of the president was supposed to have a check on the outbreak of democracy Two major activists Alexander Hamilton and James Madison 9 they were battling over the wording of the Constitution Marbury Justice of the Peace Supreme Court case Marbury vs Madison Single most important Supreme court case in the history of the US John Marshall Chief Justice of Supreme Court when this case comes up Marbury comes to the US Supreme Court and says that he wants his credentials he wants them to be signed so he can be Justice of Peace 9 the Jefferson administration denied him credentials The Supreme Court could have said too bad or give him his credentials What John Marshall said was this we can not decide this case 9 this means that the Supreme Court is taking a huge step back 0 Then he says the reason that we can not decide this case is because the constitution gives the Supreme Court only a pennant jurisdiction a case can only be decided by the supreme court after it has matriculated from lower courts up o The Supreme Court only gives a final decision democracy is now finished
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