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POLS 2311, Chapter 12: Election and Voting notes

by: Estefania Hernandez

POLS 2311, Chapter 12: Election and Voting notes 2311

Marketplace > University of Texas at El Paso > Political Science > 2311 > POLS 2311 Chapter 12 Election and Voting notes
Estefania Hernandez
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Hey everyone! These are the notes for Election and Voting and the notes essentially go more in depth than what she discussed during the class; examples are provided for some key terms as well! ...
American Government and Politics
Dr. Abha Singh
Class Notes
Election, voting, primaries, turnout, redistricting, electoral, college




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Estefania Hernandez on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2311 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Abha Singh in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see American Government and Politics in Political Science at University of Texas at El Paso.

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Date Created: 04/17/16
Purposes of Elections Popular election  Provides unique legitimacy to government  Proof of popular sovereignty, or consent of the governed  Electorate, or citizens eligible to vote, judge those in power Fill public offices  Elections provide voters a choose in policy  Winners claim a mandate or command from the voters to enact their platform Types of elections Primary elections  Closed primates o Only registered members are allowed to vote for people in their party  Open primaries o Crossover voting o Even if not registered, you can still vote  Runoff primary o When nobody has the majority o Top two candidates are the only ones to run again General Election Types of elections (cont.) Initiative and referendum  Initiative places on ballot by citizens  Referendum placed on ballot by legislature o After the bill is passed Recall  A petition drive for people to remove someone o “Should we remove our governor?” o “If so, who should be the new governor, pick below” Primaries and Caucuses Methods to select delegates  Winner-take-all primary  Proportional representation primary  Caucus Selecting a system Front-loading  Already knowing who will win the representative vote  Knowing who will represent the democratic and republican party Selecting a President: The Electoral College Historical challenges  Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr, 1800  John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson, 1824  George W. Bush and Al Gore, 2000 Tie? Then it goes into the house of representative and every state gets a vote. Should the Electoral College be reformed?  Abolish in favor of popular vote  Congressional district plan o Need 270 seats to become president The incumbency Advantage – already in office Staff Support  Directly or indirectly support incumbent through constituents service Visibility  Easy access to local media  Generous travel allowances Scare-off effect  Challenges shy away from incumbent’s institutional advantage  New people are scared Why Incumbents Lose Redistricting  Can punish incumbents in the out-of-power party  Re-diving the district by the people who lost Scandals  Sexual improprieties Presidential Coattails  Incumbent presidential election loss can trickle down  Based on their popularity, his parties president may not be so well with others so they loose too Mid-Term Election  Can threaten incumbents of president’s party  We are frustrated with the president by then Party Identification Party identity  Most powerful predictor of vote choice  Doesn’t fully eliminate ticket splitting Ideology  Liberals favor government involvement in social programs  Conservatives favor ideals of individualism and marked-based competition Ideology and Education Lower-income voters  Tend to vote democratic High-income votes  Tend to vote republican Education  Most educated and least educated tend to vote democratic  Voters in the middle, such as those with a bachelors degree tend to vote republican Race and Ethnicity Whites vote ~ republican African American ~ democratic Gender  Women ~ democratic  Men ~ republican Religion and Other Issues Religion  Jewish are democrats  Protestants are republican  Catholics are divided Issues  Economy often key issues  Retrospective judgment o Voting for a candidate based on his past  Prospective judgment o Vote on his future potential Voter Turnout Income and Education  Those with incomes over $65,000 vote more than citizens with incomes under $35,000 o Worried about taxes, mortgage, raising property tax, etc.  College gradates are more likely to vote than those with less education o More aware of the issues Race & Ethnicity  White vote more than African Americans, Hispanics and other minorities  Long-term consequences of voting barriers Gender  Women vote more than men and account for a majority of the electorate Age  Older citizens vote more than younger people Civic Engagement  Members of civic groups vote more Why don’t Americans Turn Out?  Other commitments  Difficulty of registration  Difficulty of voting  Number of elections – “ turnout burnou”  Voter attitudes  Weakened influence of political parties Improving Voter Turnout  Make Election Day a holiday  Enable early voting  Permit mail and online voting  Make registration easier  Modernize the ballot  Strengthen parties


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