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U.S. Hist: Modern week 5

by: Madeline Mitchell

U.S. Hist: Modern week 5 US History: Modern

Madeline Mitchell
GPA 3.3
U.S. History: Modern Period
Dr. Hongshan Li

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About this Document

Lecture notes for US History week 5. Covers change in the workplace and creation of unions. Hope they're helpful!
U.S. History: Modern Period
Dr. Hongshan Li
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeline Mitchell on Friday February 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to US History: Modern at Kent State University taught by Dr. Hongshan Li in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 106 views. For similar materials see U.S. History: Modern Period in History at Kent State University.


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Date Created: 02/13/15
US History Modern Period Week 5 Dr Hongshan Li Kent State University 2 The Changing Workplace Unskilled workers predominant Strict discipline Increased stress Lost control to foreman More dangerous Worked 12 hoursday 6 daysweek 1860 About 10 hours a day in 1880 s 3 Scientific Management Urged to subdivide jobs to speed production Used machines instead of skilled workers Implemented time motions studies Made workers fit the need of machines Higher efficiency greater stress less control for workers and led to assembly lines and mass production Life of Workers 1 wages generally higher and real income increased 20 187893 wages varied by skill race gender 400 500 a year by 1900 No job security frequent wage cuts High accident rates 0 Many suffered Absolute poverty homeless no or low income unable to meet basic needs Relative poverty Income met most basic needs but did not match economic growth 3 0 Old American Dream financial security be your own boss Most became lifelong workers who were unskilled low wages lack of mobility and rise of big businesses 0 New American Dream Better education higher paid jobs 0 First established in the 1790 s Usually small and local prior to 1860 s Started mostly by skilled workers 0 Organized by trade 0 Aimed at general social reforms 0 Pay a little attention to labor issues National unions began to emerge after civil war 0 The National Labor Union 1866 Made of trade unions reform associations Promoted abolition of industrial capitalism Methods lobby congress educate workers 0 Knights of Labor 1869 Open to all workers unskilled black women Main goal 8 hour days Method strikes Declined after Haymarket 511886 1885 Led by Samuel Gompers cigar market Depended more on skilled workers Focused on better wages hours conditions Recognized importance of strikes Accepted capitalism and talked with employers Aimed to make union partners in industry Had over a million members by 1900 0 Unions organized strikes because Companies laid off union members Refuse to bargain with Union No protection for injury Frequent wage cuts 0 RR strike 1877 over 10 wage cut Militia and federal troops sent to suppress Over 200 killed strike suppressed


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