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POLS 2311, Chapter 15: The Interest Groups

by: Estefania Hernandez

POLS 2311, Chapter 15: The Interest Groups 2311

Marketplace > University of Texas at El Paso > Political Science > 2311 > POLS 2311 Chapter 15 The Interest Groups
Estefania Hernandez

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Hey everyone! These are the notes for The Interest Groups and the notes essentially go more in depth than what she discussed during the class; examples are provided for some key terms as well! ...
American Government and Politics
Dr. Abha Singh
Class Notes
lobbying, patron, Theory, Interest, groups, regulation, elections
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Estefania Hernandez on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2311 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Abha Singh in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see American Government and Politics in Political Science at University of Texas at El Paso.

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Date Created: 04/17/16
Chapter 15: Interest Groups Theories of Interest Group Formation Pluralist theory  Political power distributed among groups Disturbance theory  Groups from in response to change  Forming only because there were some problems Transaction theory  Public policy results from transactions among political players Kinds of Organized Interests Public interest groups  Seek a collective good Economic interest groups  Promote the economic interests of their new members Governmental units  State and local governments lobby, too  Local/state governments  They want grants for schools, roads, etc. k Political action committee’s  Officially registered fundraising organizations that represent interest groups What do interests groups do? Lobbying  Lobbying congress  Lobbying the executive o We can lobby the president  Lobbying the courts  Grassroots lobbying o Reaching the voters first o Working from bottom to top o Pressure on lawmaker not to pass certain law  Protests and radical activism  Iron Triangle o Strong relationships between interest groups and industry o Congress, agencies, & interest groups Election Activities  Candidate recruitment and endorsements  Getting out the vote  Rating the candidates or office holders  Campaign contributions What Makes Interest Groups Successful? Leaders Chapter 15: Interest Groups  The fate of interest groups may rest with their leaders Funding and Patrons Revenue to cover costs  Membership dues  Direct mail solicitations  Special events  Patrons o The ones who donate a lot Members Levels of membership  Leadership  Working members  Dies-paying members  “Free-riders” o Not members, but they do benefit Variety of Benefits  AAA roadside assistance  AARP discounts for individuals over age 50 Toward Reform: Regulating Regulating Congressional Lobbyist Federal regulation of lobbying act (1946)  Required registration of lobbyist  Ineffective – they didn’t follow it Lobbying disclosure act (1995)  Stricter definition of lobbying  Tougher registration requirements  Report clients and issues  Estimate amount paid by clients Regulating Executive Branch Lobbyist Honest Leadership and Open Government Act (2007)  Bans on gifts  Longer waiting periods o Cant join for a lobbyist group if you were in congress minim of 1 year o NOW 2 years  Lobbying disclosure act 1946  Honest leadership and open government act 2007 1978 Ethics in Government Act  ONLY applies to executive not congress Chapter 15: Interest Groups  We got mad over Water-Gate scandal Regulating Judicial Branch Lobbyists  Few formal regulations  Amicus Curiae if chief tool (briefs) o “Friend of the court”


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