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verified elite notetaker
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Valerie Segebre on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 2010 at Florida State University taught by John Schwenkler in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 04/17/16
Identity Notes • The thing in question is: what accounts for a person’s identity/continued existence over a period of time? • Locke’s view of personal identity is that a person’s identity over time depends on his or her memory/consciousness. • Possible ways personal identity depends on: o The existence of the person’s body o The existence of the person’s soul o The existence of the person’s memory/consciousness • In William’s first scenario, one person is tortured while the other one is given a sum of money. o If you are somebody that has a body point of view on what identity depends on then if you are x and the other person is y then you say to the person who is supposedly going to switch you to torture y and give the money to x because you don’t believe that you are actually going to switch bodies. If you are incorrect then the mind/soul is correct and you will end up being tortured. • Williams believes that we should identify ourselves with our own memories and not with our bodies. • Examples of numerical identity: o FSU is the same school that was once a college for women o The classroom we meet in is the same classroom we met in the first day of classes • Personal identity examples o Bruce Wayne is Batman o Christian Bale is the actor who played Bruce Wayne/Batman in The Dark Knighttrilogy o Clark Kent is Superman • Two things are identical if they share all their characteristics in common • Someone’s identity is the kind of person he or she understands himself or herself to be in the most fundamental sense, such as core beliefs, background, vocation, etc. • Two things are identical if they are not two things but rather one (two concepts of one same thing). • Why is personal identity important to know? Because of social practices and attitudes that a certain person deserves based on whether he or she is the one that did or did not do a thing: o Praise and blame o Love and hate o Fear and anticipation • Locke’s view of personal identity: If person x remembers doing something then he or she is the person who did it.
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