Section 10 Notes
Section 10 Notes CRM 3343
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Juliane Notetaker on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRM 3343 at Mississippi State University taught by Dr. Kecia Johnson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Gender, Crime and Justice in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 04/17/16
Section 10 Notes Glossary: o Custodial Institutions: similar to male institutions, women are warehoused and little programming or treatment is offered to the inmates o Fry, Elizabeth: a key figure in the crusade to improve the conditions of incarcerated women in the United Kingdom and an inspiration for American women’s prison reform movement o Incarcerated Mothers: have a significant effect on children. The geographical location of the prison and length of sentencing determine whether mothers can have ties with their children; in many cases, the children are either cared for by family members or are placed in foster care o Pseudofamilies: the relationship among individuals who are not related; these relationships are common in the prison system and are often created as a means to provide emotional support to one another during their imprisonment o Reformatory: a new concept that saw incarceration as an institution designed with the intent to rehabilitate women from their immoral ways Key Points: o Historical Context of Female Prisons Before there were allfemale institutions, women were placed in a unit that was separate from males in male prisons Males who had chores there, such as bringing them meals, took longer than needed and pregnancies resulted from this problem After a pregnant inmate died from being beaten by a male guard, changes were made in housing incarcerated women. The first female prison was opened in the year 1839 Timeline of the development of women’s prisons is Figure 10.1 in the book on pages 378379 Elizabeth Fry was an important member in the movement for improving the conditions that incarcerated women deal with The first maximumsecurity prison for women is the Indiana Women’s Prison. Successful reformatories included the Massachusetts Correctional Institution and the California Institution for Women o Contemporary Issues for Incarcerated Women The number of incarcerated women has increased dramatically since the 1980s Table 10.1 on page 381 lists the characteristics of women in prison Table 10.2 on page 382 shows the rate of incarceration by their ethnicity Many women in prison cannot read at a fifthgrade level Less than a fifth of women in prison even get their GED Not many women get the treatment they need for their mental health issues A way women in prison cope is by creating pseudofamilies o Physical and Mental Health Needs of Incarcerated Women Factors that can make mental health issues worse: Pains of imprisonment Separation from family Adapting to the prison environment The prison experience that can lead to depression Some women think that prison can improve their mental health because they are being properly medicated and not using illicit substances Physical Health Needs: Being HIV positive Hepatitis C infections o Children of Incarcerated Mothers: The Unintended Victims Issues that children of incarcerated women have: Grief Loss Sadness Detachment Aggressive or atrisk behaviors for delinquency Separation from mother and child when the mother returns to prison can lead to mental health issues for the mother and cause them to worry about not having physical and emotional connections with their children. Many states allowed women to be shackled when they are in labor, some only prohibit it during labor and delivery There are health risks of shackling a mother during labor and can complicate the delivery The nine states that tried to help with the emotional issues and help with the bonding of mother and child: New York California Illinois Indiana Ohio Nebraska South Dakota Washington West Virginia Prison nursery programs help inmates stay with their infant children, usually for 1218 months. They were created to promote the bond between mother and child, especially because many inmates will get their children back after their sentence is completed.
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