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Section 10 Notes

by: Juliane Notetaker

Section 10 Notes CRM 3343

Juliane Notetaker
GPA 3.03

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About this Document

These notes cover the material from Section 10 of our textbook.
Gender, Crime and Justice
Dr. Kecia Johnson
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Juliane Notetaker on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRM 3343 at Mississippi State University taught by Dr. Kecia Johnson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Gender, Crime and Justice in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Mississippi State University.

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Date Created: 04/17/16
Section 10 Notes  Glossary: o Custodial Institutions: similar to male institutions, women are warehoused and  little programming or treatment is offered to the inmates o Fry, Elizabeth: a key figure in the crusade to improve the conditions of  incarcerated women in the United Kingdom and an inspiration for American  women’s prison reform movement o Incarcerated Mothers: have a significant effect on children.  The geographical  location of the prison and length of sentencing determine whether mothers can  have ties with their children; in many cases, the children are either cared for by  family members or are placed in foster care o Pseudo­families: the relationship among individuals who are not related; these  relationships are common in the prison system and are often created as a means to provide emotional support to one another during their imprisonment o Reformatory: a new concept that saw incarceration as an institution designed  with the intent to rehabilitate women from their immoral ways  Key Points: o Historical Context of Female Prisons  Before there were all­female institutions, women were placed in a unit that was separate from males in male prisons  Males who had chores there, such as bringing them meals, took longer  than needed and pregnancies resulted from this problem  After a pregnant inmate died from being beaten by a male guard, changes  were made in housing incarcerated women.  The first female prison was opened in the year 1839  Timeline of the development of women’s prisons is Figure 10.1 in  the book on pages 378­379  Elizabeth Fry was an important member in the movement for improving  the conditions that incarcerated women deal with  The first maximum­security prison for women is the Indiana Women’s  Prison.  Successful reformatories included the Massachusetts Correctional  Institution and the California Institution for Women o Contemporary Issues for Incarcerated Women  The number of incarcerated women has increased dramatically since the  1980s  Table 10.1 on page 381 lists the characteristics of women in prison  Table 10.2 on page 382 shows the rate of incarceration by their ethnicity  Many women in prison cannot read at a fifth­grade level  Less than a fifth of women in prison even get their GED  Not many women get the treatment they need for their mental health  issues  A way women in prison cope is by creating pseudo­families o Physical and Mental Health Needs of Incarcerated Women  Factors that can make mental health issues worse:  Pains of imprisonment  Separation from family  Adapting to the prison environment  The prison experience that can lead to depression  Some women think that prison can improve their mental health because  they are being properly medicated and not using illicit substances  Physical Health Needs:  Being HIV positive  Hepatitis C infections o Children of Incarcerated Mothers: The Unintended Victims  Issues that children of incarcerated women have:  Grief  Loss  Sadness  Detachment  Aggressive or at­risk behaviors for delinquency  Separation from mother and child when the mother returns to prison can  lead to mental health issues for the mother and cause them to worry about  not having physical and emotional connections with their children.  Many states allowed women to be shackled when they are in labor, some  only prohibit it during labor and delivery  There are health risks of shackling a mother during labor and can  complicate the delivery  The nine states that tried to help with the emotional issues and help with  the bonding of mother and child:  New York  California  Illinois  Indiana  Ohio  Nebraska  South Dakota  Washington  West Virginia  Prison nursery programs help inmates stay with their infant children,  usually for 12­18 months.  They were created to promote the bond  between mother and child, especially because many inmates will get their  children back after their sentence is completed.


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