ENGL 2O2 Week 3 Notes
ENGL 2O2 Week 3 Notes ENGL 202 01
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sierra Taylor on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 202 01 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Dr. Ryan Hatch in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Literary Studies in Foreign Language at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 04/17/16
4/11: Added notes to Narration and Point of View from last week (I copied and pasted what I had written from last week and then just added new bullet points) Types of Narration rd 1. 3 person: narrator tells an unidentified listener or reader what happened, referring to all characters using pronouns he, she, or they always external, narrator isn’t a character omniscient/unlimited: has access to the thoughts, perceptions, and experiences of more than one character limited: tells story from a distinct point of view, usually that of a single character revealing that character’s thoughts and perspectives, also known as the central consciousness objective: does not explicitly report thoughts and perspectives but hints at them through the character’s speech and actions; consists mostly of dialogue can an omniscient narrator be a real person? supernaturally?; no, it is a pure function of the text people cannot fly around and be anywhere in a second, nor can they access someone’s thoughts and ideas that the character isn’t even aware of 2. 1 person: pronoun I, can be major/minor character of story, making he/she an internal character, either tells a story about someone else or one from personal experience can address an auditor: a listener in fiction whose possible reaction is part of the story unreliable narrator: ironic, unintentionally reveal flaws when trying to impress, may make false claims first person plural: pronoun we, shared perspective of a community internal, immanent to the story narrating subject is equal to or part of the object narrated 3. 2 person: consistently speak to “you”, turns the reader into a character of the story, instructional manuals or “howto” books holds the reader accountable can be addressing a character but to show the reader the meaning and ideas, forcing the reader to be the addressed character past and present tense used to be conversational implied author: thoughts and perspectives of both the narrator and the author the narrator is neither the real or implied author shapes what we can know can show the bias (subjective) towards characters extremely recent variety of subject positions of why can tell stores (blacks, gays, women, etc.) demographics: who is speaking? gender? race? sexual orientation? Girl by Jamaica Kincaid Background: moved to the U.S. at 16 and immediately began making a living, much like her novels’ protagonists “Girl” published in New Yorker in 1978 Notes: mother talking to daughter about how to become a woman assumes she is “bent on becoming a slut” shows her how to create medicine that leads to abortion “this is how to love a man, and if this doesn’t work there are other ways”, don’t be a slut unless you have too? “you mean to say after all you are really going to be the kind of woman who the baker won’t let near the bread? –last line, either allowed near the bread due to sluttiness or perfectness why does the daughter only speak twice? what would happen if she was to refute her mother? written all in one sentence, grammatically correct, unending amount of demands, with the placement of the italicized response shows after what it’s responded to shows how the responder is behind, nature of the commands are fast and rapid never says girl, only refers to slut and woman, is this who you are going to become? girl is only mentioned in the title passage of time, young to mature girl, basic chores, taking care of a man, becoming tired as aging maybe doesn’t disclose a single scene maybe doesn’t reach full womanhood by end of the work maybe instead of mother talking to daughter, could just be the daughter recounting past dialogue what does being a girl mean? girls told what they can and can’t do, they can’t be what they want things that boys can do and things that girls can do, but girls cannot do the things that boys can do slut: the girl who disobeys social/cultural shaming, if not following rules, then you are a slut girl resisting regime of rules in order to appear a legitimate girl a woman who wants to seek some form of selfpossession has the culture earned the right to call the girl a slut? Puppy by George Sanders Background: Saunders didn’t want to be an author at first, he majored in engineering and tried out many different careers before become a writer Notes: autumn sun reminds Marie of a haunted house kids: Abbie, Josh, Goochie (dog), Robert (husband) Marie’s mom a horrible mother left in blizzard, yelled at drunk, locked in a closet could this mother/daughter relationship be why Marie spoils her kids? spends a great deal of money on pets and games for the kids, drives a Lexus Callie, big backyard for Bo to play in Bo: mental retardation? darts across streets, needs medication, side effects: grinding teeth and pounding fist Jimmy: husband, pinches her arm when angry Jess and Mollie, kids Jimmy’s laugh/snort moment symbolizes trust Marie’s family is buying a puppy from Callie’s family Marie judges Callie’s house Bo chained to a tree in backyard, running and then being jerk back by the chain, Marie sees this Marie doesn’t buy puppy from Callie because of judgement of treatment of Bo Callie kills/leaves the puppy out in the corn field so Jimmy doesn’t have to do it himself like he had to with the kitten Callie replaces horrible/sad things by telling herself that she is making things better Free indirect discourse: synthesis of first and third person narrative (grammatically), third person narrative is infected by the first person we don’t know how to feel about any of these characters parallel of financial status between Callie and Marie’s past life Marie impacted by her past life in coming to conclusion of Bo Callie’s past memory of intimacy with Jimmy 2 narratives, no 3 party to synthesize and give an objective truth, 2 perspectives are irreconcilable (no omniscient) Marie knows the reader is there and is trying to convince us that her family is happy Story’s Suggestions: inappropriate judgement radical difficulty of communicating with someone other than you take our materialistic/tangible things, allows us to see the basic fundamental similarities Marie sees Callie similar to her mother how easy it is to get everything about a situation wrong Character p. 218225 character: any personage in a literary work who acts, appears, or is referred to as playing a part human or supernatural or nonhuman must have some human qualities (think, pain, love) Evidence to Consider in Analyzing a Character name physical appearance objects and places actions narrator’s comments thoughts and speech (content, timing and phrasing) other characters’ thoughts about the character others’ comments important traits, motivations and values how the text shapes the perspective (how we feel) about the character function in narrativw symbolism hero (protagonist): common lead male role, good guy larger than life stronger than humans godlike admirable villain (antagonist): bad guy heroine: leading female character characterization: the art and technique of representing fictional personages indirect (showing) direct (telling) character is just as structured as the plot Good People by David Foster Wallace Lane A Dean Jr, and girlfriend, blue jeans and button ups met in JC campus ministries, 19 years old, accounting and business girl, good people, smells good, checkered cotton short with pearl colored snaps, corn blond hair, 20 years old, nursing maor other guy, grey suit and grey hat Lane A. Dean Jr: desperate to be as good as Sheri is doesn’t know if Sheri really wants an abortion or not he wants an abortion feels sinful can’t say he loves her, only said it once doesn’t believe in Hell scared that Sheri doesn’t want an abortion and wants nothing from him but good wishes and respect of her decision, knows he does not love her Sheri Fisher: cousin died at 13, 14, only talked about it once good smell downy arms bright laughter faithful, religious doodles on her tennis shoes Did free write on character analysis Analyzed Lane and turned in group work
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