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ENGL 2O2 Week 3 Notes

by: Sierra Taylor

ENGL 2O2 Week 3 Notes ENGL 202 01

Sierra Taylor
Cal Poly

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Lecture notes and paper 1 prompt
Introduction to Literary Studies
Dr. Ryan Hatch
Class Notes
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sierra Taylor on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 202 01 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Dr. Ryan Hatch in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Literary Studies in Foreign Language at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.

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Date Created: 04/17/16
4/11: Added notes to Narration and Point of View from last week (I copied and pasted what I had written from last week and then just added new bullet points) Types of Narration rd 1. 3  person: narrator tells an unidentified listener or reader what happened, referring to all  characters using pronouns he, she, or they ­ always external, narrator isn’t a character ­ omniscient/unlimited: has access to the thoughts, perceptions, and experiences of  more than one character ­ limited: tells story from a distinct point of view, usually that of a single character  revealing that character’s thoughts and perspectives, also known as the central  consciousness ­ objective: does not explicitly report thoughts and perspectives but hints at them  through the character’s speech and actions; consists mostly of dialogue ­ can an omniscient narrator be a real person? supernaturally?; no, it is a pure function  of the text ­ people cannot fly around and be anywhere in a second, nor can they access  someone’s thoughts and ideas that the character isn’t even aware of 2. 1  person: pronoun I, can be major/minor character of story, making he/she an internal  character, either tells a story about someone else or one from personal experience ­ can address an auditor: a listener in fiction whose possible reaction is part of the story ­ unreliable narrator: ironic, unintentionally reveal flaws when trying to impress, may  make false claims ­ first person plural: pronoun we, shared perspective of a community ­ internal, immanent to the story ­ narrating subject is equal to or part of the object narrated 3. 2  person: consistently speak to “you”, turns the reader into a character of the story,  instructional manuals or “how­to” books ­ holds the reader accountable ­ can be addressing a character but to show the reader the meaning and ideas, forcing  the reader to be the addressed character  past and present tense used to be conversational  implied author: thoughts and perspectives of both the narrator and the author ­ the narrator is neither the real or implied author  shapes what we can know  can show the bias (subjective) towards characters  extremely recent variety of subject positions of why can tell stores (blacks, gays, women,  etc.)  demographics: who is speaking? gender? race? sexual orientation? Girl by Jamaica Kincaid Background:   moved to the U.S. at 16 and immediately began making a living, much like her  novels’ protagonists  “Girl” published in New Yorker in 1978 Notes:  mother talking to daughter about how to become a woman  assumes she is “bent on becoming a slut”  shows her how to create medicine that leads to abortion  “this is how to love a man, and if this doesn’t work there are other ways”, don’t be a slut  unless you have too?  “you mean to say after all you are really going to be the kind of woman who the baker  won’t let near the bread? –last line, either allowed near the bread due to sluttiness or  perfectness  why does the daughter only speak twice? what would happen if she was to refute her  mother?  written all in one sentence, grammatically correct, unending amount of demands, with the placement of the italicized response shows after what it’s responded to shows how the  responder is behind, nature of the commands are fast and rapid  never says girl, only refers to slut and woman, is this who you are going to become? girl  is only mentioned in the title  passage of time, young to mature girl, basic chores, taking care of a man, becoming tired  as aging ­ maybe doesn’t disclose a single scene ­ maybe doesn’t reach full womanhood by end of the work ­ maybe instead of mother talking to daughter, could just be the daughter recounting  past dialogue  what does being a girl mean? ­ girls told what they can and can’t do, they can’t be what they want ­ things that boys can do and things that girls can do, but girls cannot do the things that  boys can do ­ slut: the girl who disobeys  social/cultural shaming, if not following rules, then you are a slut  girl resisting regime of rules in order to appear a legitimate girl  a woman who wants to seek some form of self­possession  has the culture earned the right to call the girl a slut? Puppy by George Sanders Background: Saunders didn’t want to be an author at first, he majored in engineering and  tried out many different careers before become a writer Notes:  autumn sun reminds Marie of a haunted house  kids: Abbie, Josh, Goochie (dog), Robert (husband)  Marie’s mom a horrible mother ­ left in blizzard, yelled at drunk, locked in a closet ­ could this mother/daughter relationship be why Marie spoils her kids?  spends a great deal of money on pets and games for the kids, drives a Lexus  Callie, big backyard for Bo to play in ­ Bo: mental retardation? darts across streets, needs medication, side effects: grinding  teeth and pounding fist ­ Jimmy: husband, pinches her arm when angry ­ Jess and Mollie, kids ­ Jimmy’s laugh/snort moment symbolizes trust  Marie’s family is buying a puppy from Callie’s family   Marie judges Callie’s house  Bo chained to a tree in backyard, running and then being jerk back by the chain, Marie  sees this  Marie doesn’t buy puppy from Callie because of judgement of treatment of Bo  Callie kills/leaves the puppy out in the corn field so Jimmy doesn’t have to do it himself  like he had to with the kitten  Callie replaces horrible/sad things by telling herself that she is making things better  Free indirect discourse: synthesis of first and third person narrative (grammatically), third person narrative is infected by the first person  we don’t know how to feel about any of these characters  parallel of financial status between Callie and Marie’s past life  Marie impacted by her past life in coming to conclusion of Bo  Callie’s past memory of intimacy with Jimmy  2 narratives, no 3  party to synthesize and give an objective truth, 2 perspectives are  irreconcilable (no omniscient)  Marie knows the reader is there and is trying to convince us that her family is happy Story’s Suggestions:  inappropriate judgement  radical difficulty of communicating with someone other than you  take our materialistic/tangible things, allows us to see the basic fundamental similarities  Marie sees Callie similar to her mother  how easy it is to get everything about a situation wrong Character p. 218­225  character: any personage in a literary work who acts, appears, or is referred to as playing  a part ­ human or supernatural or nonhuman ­ must have some human qualities (think, pain, love) Evidence to Consider in Analyzing a Character ­ name ­ physical appearance ­ objects and places ­ actions ­ narrator’s comments ­ thoughts and speech (content, timing and phrasing) ­ other characters’ thoughts about the character ­ others’ comments ­ important traits, motivations and values ­ how the text shapes the perspective (how we feel) about the character ­ function in narrativw ­ symbolism  hero (protagonist): common lead male role, good guy ­ larger than life ­ stronger than humans ­ godlike ­ admirable  villain (antagonist): bad guy  heroine: leading female character  characterization: the art and technique of representing fictional personages ­ indirect (showing) ­ direct (telling)  character is just as structured as the plot Good People by David Foster Wallace  Lane A Dean Jr, and girlfriend, blue jeans and button ups ­ met in JC campus ministries, 19 years old, accounting and business ­ girl, good people, smells good, checkered cotton short with pearl colored snaps, corn  blond hair, 20 years old, nursing maor ­ other guy, grey suit and grey hat  Lane A. Dean Jr: ­ desperate to be as good as Sheri is ­ doesn’t know if Sheri really wants an abortion or not ­ he wants an abortion ­ feels sinful ­ can’t say he loves her, only said it once ­ doesn’t believe in Hell ­ scared that Sheri doesn’t want an abortion and wants nothing from him but good  wishes and respect of her decision, knows he does not love her  Sheri Fisher: ­ cousin died at 13, 14, only talked about it once ­ good smell ­ downy arms ­ bright laughter ­ faithful, religious  ­ doodles on her tennis shoes Did free write on character analysis Analyzed Lane and turned in group work


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