PHIL 241 Property Dualism
PHIL 241 Property Dualism PHIL 241
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Russell on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 241 at University of Arizona taught by William Leonard in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Consciousness and Cognition in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 04/17/16
Taylor Russell PHIL 241 4/14 Property Dualism The Zombie argument o David Chalmers’ updated version of the conceivability argument o Zombies are unconscious human duplicates o Physical facts are not substantial, there are still some questions to be answered about consciousness Zombies are ideally conceivable What is conceivable is metaphysically possible Zombies are metaphysically possible...therefore it is possible for a brain to exist without consciousness…therefore conscious is not anything physical The Knowledge argument o It seems inconceivable that physical facts are explanatory of consciousness Science tells us only about the physical features and structure of the world Consciousness is intrinsic feature of the world Science does not explain consciousness o Structural features: relational properties characterize how parts of a system are related o Intrinsic features: characterize what the stuff in a system is like Scientific law does not describe what a substance is like Explanatory gap o Gap between the physical, scientific qualia and the phenomenal features like consciousness o Physical features are structural properties, therefore nonstructural properties are nonphysical properties o So therefore there is a need for science of consciousness…property dualism?? Nonreductive approach o David Chalmers o Must explain how consciousness relates to the physical world already described o “the ontology of physics had to be expanded” to explain electromagnetic phenomena o Electromagnetic forces were irreducible to physics already known to man o So we propose the expansion in the context of consciousness Principles of the science of Consciousness o Structural Coherence There is a direct correspondence between structural awareness and the conscious experience Visual processing Variation in color corresponds to variation in visual processing structures o Organizational invariance Systems with same functional organization have the same conscious experience Nonreductive functionalism: conscious experience arises from functional structure, but it is not identically the same thing as the functional structure o Doubleaspect theory of information A physical and nonphysical, experiential aspect to information Organizational structure of a system that gives rise to consciousness: informational content Correspondence of structural awareness and structure of experiential awareness, they bear the same info Future directions o Does it entail epiphenomenalism? Yes and no, it is counterintuitive… but not obviously false
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