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PHIL 241 Property Dualism

by: Taylor Russell

PHIL 241 Property Dualism PHIL 241

Marketplace > University of Arizona > PHIL-Philosophy > PHIL 241 > PHIL 241 Property Dualism
Taylor Russell
GPA 3.7

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Notes for 4/14 property dualism
Consciousness and Cognition
William Leonard
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Russell on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 241 at University of Arizona taught by William Leonard in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Consciousness and Cognition in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Arizona.

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Date Created: 04/17/16
Taylor Russell PHIL 241 4/14  Property Dualism  The Zombie argument o David Chalmers’ updated version of the conceivability argument o Zombies are unconscious human duplicates o Physical facts are not substantial, there are still some questions to be answered  about consciousness  Zombies are ideally conceivable  What is conceivable is metaphysically possible  Zombies are metaphysically possible...therefore it is possible for a brain to exist without consciousness…therefore conscious is not anything physical  The Knowledge argument o It seems inconceivable that physical facts are explanatory of consciousness  Science tells us only about the physical features and structure of the world  Consciousness is intrinsic feature of the world  Science does not explain consciousness  o Structural features: relational properties characterize how parts of a system are  related o Intrinsic features: characterize what the stuff in a system is like  Scientific law does not describe what a substance is like  Explanatory gap o Gap between the physical, scientific qualia and the phenomenal features like  consciousness o Physical features are structural properties, therefore non­structural properties are  non­physical properties o So therefore there is a need for science of consciousness…property dualism??  Non­reductive approach o David Chalmers o Must explain how consciousness relates to the physical world already described o “the ontology of physics had to be expanded” to explain electromagnetic  phenomena o Electromagnetic forces were irreducible to physics already known to man o So we propose the expansion in the context of consciousness  Principles of the science of Consciousness o Structural Coherence  There is a direct correspondence between structural awareness and the  conscious experience  Visual processing  Variation in color corresponds to variation in visual processing  structures o Organizational invariance  Systems with same functional organization have the same conscious  experience  Non­reductive functionalism: conscious experience arises from functional  structure, but it is not identically the same thing as the functional structure o Double­aspect theory of information  A physical and non­physical, experiential aspect to information  Organizational structure of a system that gives rise to consciousness:  informational content  Correspondence of structural awareness and structure of experiential  awareness, they bear the same info  Future directions o Does it entail epiphenomenalism?  Yes and no, it is counter­intuitive… but not obviously false


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