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Week 2 Notes

by: Katelyn Paccione

Week 2 Notes SOC 350

Katelyn Paccione
GPA 3.2
Social Psychology of Marriage
Dan Weiss

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About this Document

The Family in History
Social Psychology of Marriage
Dan Weiss
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katelyn Paccione on Saturday February 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 350 at Purdue University taught by Dan Weiss in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 103 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology of Marriage in Sociology at Purdue University.

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Date Created: 02/14/15
Chapter 2 The Family in History 0 Many people today are living much longer than in the past 0 Today people are having fewer children 0 Family members perform fewer functional tasks at home 0 Families have become more diverse in recent decades 0 Family types and terms 0 Monogamy The marriage of one person to one other person 0 Polygamy A marriage in which one person has several spouses Watched the rst episode of Sister Wives essay question on a test pros and cons of a polygamous relationship 0 Nuclear Family A married monogamous couple living with their own biological children no extended family members 0 Conjugal Family A nuclear family that is functionally independent of extended family members 0 Patrilineal A family system where wealth and power are transmitted from fathers to their sons This was during an era when women could not own land or inherit money Not egay codi ed anymore However women do often take the last name of their husband 0 Matrilineal More common among the Native Americans A family system where wealth and power are transmitted from mother to their daughters 0 Patrilocal A living arrangement in which a young married couple lives or near the husband s family home 0 Matrilocal A living arrangement in which a young married couple lives near the wife s family home 0 Patriarchal A family system where the power is welded by men within the family More common what we see in the US o Matriarchal A family system where the power is welded by the women within the family More common among Native Americans and indigenous tribes o Heterogamy Marriage between a man and a woman 0 Homogamy Marriage between two people of the same sex Ea rlv HistorV o Prehistory o Cooperation and survival 0 From Europe to the United States 0 Patriarchy Men s control over property and fathers authority over all family members Colonial America before 1820 0 American Indians The family as social structure 0 Respect to the elders Huge reliance on the family 0 Colonial Americans quotSo Chosen He is Her Lordquot Marriage were practical arrangements Coverture o A legal doctrine that lasted until the late nineteenth century under which wives were incorporated into their husband s citizenship 0 Children and Families More Work and Less Play Extended families family households in which relatives beyond parents and children live together Children contributed to the economy and survival of the family Average number of kids per family 7 Largely due to infant mortality Stem family 0 The household formed by the parents and their rst offspring who lives with them with their spouse and children 0 African American Families Enslaved o The Emerging Modern Family 18201900 0 Marriage New Ideals New Traditions Democracy formed Marrying by choice not so much practical needs Courtship The mate selection process in which couples begin in a relationship with supervised contact in public then proceed to additional dates in the woman s home and then if the parents approve to marriage 0 Children and Families Fewer and More Tender Number of average children are decreasing and the mortality rate is decreasing Children individuality emerged and so did the ideas of child s play with toys and nurturing 0 Institutional Arenas Separate Spheres o The cultural doctrine under which women were to work at home to make it a sanctuary from the industrial world in which their husbands worked for pay 0 Family and market men and women separate and together 0 Men work outside the home 0 The wife worked in the home and was to make the home a sanctuary for the husband Family and state quotMonogamous Moralityquot State lawed monogamy No families Widows and orphans 0 Those without a father or husband in the mist 0 When we started creating the pension and welfare systems Race African Americans Asian Americans Mexican Americans Families Apart 0 Within the black community there was a lot of kinship Asian families had a lot of split households 0 Men went to go work on the railroads Mexican families also had a lot of split households 0 Had to travel the country to work 0 The Modern Family 190019605 0 Companionship family An ideal types of family characterized by the mutual affection equality and comradeship of its members 0 Companionate marriage Marriage is a friendship companionship and a romance rather than as a practical platform for cooperation 0 Dating Mate selection process in which young adults spend time with a variety of partners before making a longterm commitment When couples started going on dates without their parents 0 Family wage 0 Baby Boom Marriage unequal companions Children and families From Bust to Boom WWII people were having lots of children due to war and deployment Today birthrates are declining and women in the workforce is increasing Suburbs started becoming in command result of the baby boom and expansion outwards away from the cities Period of high birth rates in the US 19561964 0 New Family Diversity 1960sPresent 0 Only about 50 of families are made up of married couples 0 There is an increase in single parent families 0 Marriage Out with the old Change in how the housework is being done women are still doing the majority even though a majority are now working Modern relationships modern identities 0 Independence Women could get a job and income take care of themselves and children Children and families emotional bonds 0 Childhood and young adulthood 0 Cherish our children more with less birth rate What s in a name 0 Taking the last name of your husband


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