Art History 6C Modern - Contemporary
Art History 6C Modern - Contemporary
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This 3 page Reader was uploaded by Gabriela Lopez on Friday April 11, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 125 views.
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Date Created: 04/11/14
Art History 6C Modern Contemporary Lecture 3 April 08 2014 The French Revolution Zohann Zoffany s Royal Academians l77l 74 1 It shows the exclusion of women since men were the only ones to paint the more popular paintings and women only got to do still life paintings and nothing that had nothing to do with the body or history Salons were important because they represents the artist s work and king Louis established them in order to control what is painted so as to keep the state upheld In the Salon of 1785 Jacques Louis David s Oath of the Horatii l784 85 makes premiere 2 Was simple and caught attention of the viewers for its plain figures and plain background 3 It was painted before the French Rev but championed by Revolutionaries even though the king had bought it because it symbolizes loyalty to the state 4 David thought about how the oath could have been and chose to include it to show its importance it was originally not part of the play so he chose to add that action Compared to Pieree Peyron s Death of Alcestis 1785 1 Both share the same colors like red and white but shift is seen moving away from the traditional to the Neo Classical 2 There are more details and the lighting is uneven with some areas darker than others softness of drapery and emphasis on overall figures and elegance lastly there is an array of interwoven figures In David s painting there is only the same swooning of women as in Peyron s to contrast the weak with the strong rigid figures taking the oath Loyalty and sacrifice to the state is overall more important than emotion 1 Upholds strong civic duty and the emerging style of Neo Classism In Crow s writing he argues that David is all about real sacri ce and the state importance His work is blunt and unlike the traditional giving away the meaning from the onset As the Revolution neared painters and the audiences began to move towards the NeoClassical and away from the matemal and family oriented paintings of the Baroque and Rococo Examples Adolf Wertmuller s Marie Antoinette and her children 1786 2 Painting was done to promote the queen s popularity and emphasis on her good virtue as a mother 3 Done in a Rococo style and was not displayed in the Salon exhibition so turned out as a DISASTER in boosting the queen s popularity 4 The audience already disliked Marie Antoinette and the painting depicted her children as not interested in her and as her being a careless mother as she seems to drag her young son and the little girl is running away from her 0 Example 2 Elisabeth Vigee Lebrun s Marie Antoinette and her children 1787 1 Lebrun was a member of the Royal Academy and the personal painter to the queen but ed the country soon before the Revolution began in order not to be associated with conspiring with the queen and king 2 This painting was meant to serve as damage control for the failure of Wertmullers last work 3 This painting puts more focus on the family unit because the queen is seated and her children are close and even hugging her 4 To raise empathy for her recent miscarriage her young son points to the empty cradle and shows her commitment to her family and her soberness 5 It was accepted but was not a huge success 0 HISTORY OF THE REVOUTION 0 State the King 1 First Estate the Clergy Church 2 Second Estate Noblemen 3 Third Estate EVERYONE ELSE Merchants doctors lawyers farmers etc 0 Fall of the Bastille was in July 14 1789 0 Peasants take over the prison Bastille and kill many of the prisoners and guards 0 News was spread through prints that had songs 0 Third Estate rebels against the other two and try to negotiate with king Louis XVI to write a Constitution that is Democratic and gives more equal rights to all three estates 0 Example David s Oath of the Tennis Court 1791 1 Third Estate swears to continuously meet until a constitution is implemented after the King locked them out of Versailles and refused to cooperate 2 Shows the presence of members of the third estate as well as some members of the other two which also agreed with the revolution and the new constitution 0 The guillotine was implemented as a weapon to kill all those accused of being against the revolution 0 Was seen as Democratic because it was used on EVERYONE there was no different death for aristocrats or even the king 0 Was capital punishment and fast efficient 0 Women also played a role in the Neo Classical representation of state loyalty and civic duty over emotion and personal gains 0 Example Kauffman s Comelia presenting her children as treasures 1785 1 Kauffman was admitted to English Academy 2 Woman shows off her jewelry to Cornelia but Cornelia presents he children as her jewels as she understands she must raise her kids to be good citizens and serve the state 3 The moral of the painting is upmost loyalty to the civic duty and the servitude to fighting for the state and not focus on the physical aspects of the World 4 Painting has the strong figures with the clear background without amboyant clothes and centering on the children as the focus The death of the king was a result of a Vote that sentenced him to death by guillotine and he was executed on January 201793 There was much opposition because many saw the king as the state and saw his execution as a Violation of the state
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