Week 15 AMH2097
Week 15 AMH2097 AMH2097
Popular in Nationality, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by JennaEliteNotetaker on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AMH2097 at Florida State University taught by Dr. Amundson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Nationality, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 04/18/16
4/18/16& -! Young Americans for Freedom o! Took on main stream of republican party o! Openly supportive of market regulating itself o! Believed in capitalism -! Richard Nixon (1968) o! Became president on platform campaign of return to law and order o! Expanded welfare state o! Sought better relations with communist countries o! Food stamps benefits expanded o! Proposed welfare which gave automatic raises to people on welfare based on inflation o! School integration began to happen !! Fewer than a third of black students attended integrated schools when he entered office •! By the end 80% of black students did -! Bussing o! Students began to be bussed from neighborhood around cities to schools in order to create desegregation in the school systems -! South Boston High School o! Black students began to be bussed to this white school and faced violence from white students and parents -! Louise Day Hicks o! White school leader/representative o! Involved with a lot of issues surrounding South Boston High School o! Was eventually voted out of position & 4/20/16' -! President Nixon o! Responded to antiwar movements in the US with plan to end war in Vietnam o! Different approach to cold war than previous presidents !! He understood the two main communist countries (Soviet Union and China) had different aims behind their communism •! Identifies China as a nation that was more interested in contact with the world •! Secretly sent his secretary of state to China and later went to visit himself •! Daytona (Peaceful coexistence) was Nixon’s approach to peace o! Vietnam !! Part of his winning platform was his secret plan to end Vietnam war !! 1969 he revealed his plan was to make Vietnamese troops do the ground fighting !! Bombing campaign was unsuccessful •! Led to bombing in Cambodia which killed hundreds of thousands of people o! A third of the country was killed -! My Lai o! Civilians were killed including woman and children o! New York Times was publishing this information -! Anti-Vietnam War protests -! Ohio national guard killed 4 antiwar protestors at Kent State o! Death of four college students protesting the war by national guard -! Early 1973 Nixon negotiated a peace agreement which ended American involvement in Vietnam War o! Ended military draft and service was voluntary -! Vietnam war ended in 1975 o! The US did not intervene except to remove American citizens o! Was a political and social disaster for the US !! Between 3 and 4 million people died during the war !! 58,000 American troops died in the Vietnam War •! Caused people to question US government and military o! People challenged long standing beliefs in the US o! Woman became first back woman in 1972 to run for a major party for presidency -! Nixon began to be viewed as weird o! He was obsessed with secrecy and had hate lists o! Watergate scandal !! Viewed as downfall of American liberalism o! August 1974 the house of representatives recommended his impeachment o! Became first president to resign while in office o! Had most scandal ridden administration in American history o! American liberals hated Richard Nixon and celebrated his downfall -! 1970s caused economic changes o! No longer economic growth 4/20/16' o! First period in American history where the country began to import more good than it exported o! High inflation and slow economic growth !! Stagflation •! Driven by high oil prices •! Widespread gas shortages •! Difficult for democrats to understand this economic phenomenon o! Previous strategies did not work to improve the economy o! Cities like Detroit had only half the jobs they previously had •! Government employees started to begin to be laid off •! New York built the World Trade Center in 1977 o! Construction of this caused the closure of small manufacturing firms leading to hundreds of lay offs •! Average Americans saw their wages fall o! Particularly blue collar workers o! Carter !! Wanted to raise moral tone of government !! As president he found himself at odds with congress •! He wanted to tackle inflation rather than dealing with unemployment and economic issue first !! His religion began to go against him -! In 1980 when Americans went to the polls to potentially give Carter a second chance in office -! People didn’t like Carter -! Ronald Reagan o! Pledge to end stagflation o! Appealed to continuing white back lash against civil rights movement o! Was not religious o! First divorced man to run for president o! His path to presidency was unusual !! Started as an actor Test 2 (Final Exam) Review - Redeemers o People in south working against reconstruction state governments Intimidating supporters of those governments into not voting and participating in political o Elected white surmises government in 1870s - Carpetbaggers o People who went south from the north in the years after the civil war o Southerners resented them and believed they took advantage of the situation in the south for their own personal benefit o Some looked for opportunities there and others wanted to help slaves - The mezzogiorno o Like the Pale of Settlement o Place in southern Italy o Immigration of Italy was sparked by the unification of the state of Italy o People’s taxes went up and economic development was in the North o People in the south were impacted economically and began to migrate - Thomas Moss o Black guy that had a grocery store right next to a white grocery store o Part of lynching o Turned Ida B Wells into an anti-lynching activist Knew she was not a threat to white woman hood but to white male grocery store owners - Memphis Free Speech o Anti-lynching article written by Ida B Wells and she was driven out of town Had to stay out of the south for decades o She asserted that white men and black woman had relationships, and so white woman and black men had relationships sometimes too o She said white woman weren’t really being raped as much as they were reporting and that they were just ashamed - Alpha Suffrage Club o First suffrage group for African Americans women founded by Ida B Wells o Founded in Chicago in 1913 - Naturalization Act (1790) o 1870 said blacks were citizens but excluded Asians from becoming naturalized citizens of the US o Later it was revised based on the 14 amendment o Their children eventually were offered citizen ship but they never had the opportunity - The American Century o After WW2 o During WW2 Americans were getting the sense that after the war they would be a world super power o Written by Henry Loose His vision of America’s leadership in the world after the war was based on American products and goods linked to the idea of American freedom American ideas about free enterprise - John Maynard Keynes o Economists who had theories about what governments had to do in response for economic depression o His ideas were what was behind the New Deal o Said government spending would carry the nation out of depression o Said even if the government had to go into debt that they should - Levittown o Cookie cutter towns o White picket fence neighborhoods o Single family suburban homes that were quickly developed after war o Racially segregated communities o People began to complain that they were the same o One of the ways that many Americans became home owners for the first time o GI bill created a need for new home building - Displaced persons o Refugees after second WW that were stuck in Germany o Were generally from eastern European countries or Soviet Union o Didn’t want to go back to eastern Europe o US began to see these people as an opportunity to staff certain job positions and good PR in the cold war o America was much more open to refugees after WW2 than they were after WW1 - Johns Committee o Investigations against communists happened nation wide in states and cities o Investigation on the local level to purge communists o The reach of the red scare in the 1950s - The Little Rock Nine o Local dispute in a city in the south o 1957 Little Rock, Arkansas o Group of school children who were going to integrate Little Rock high school Was supposed to me a moderate plan with support from whites and blacks A mob was waiting for them when they got to school o Points to activist movements to make sure events like these were publicized - Cesar Chavez o Leader of United Farm Workers - Grape Boycott o Late 1960s o Cesar Chavez got a lot of people who were picking grapes who weren’t being paid enough marched this group to the capital created a lot of attention and made people mad o The United Farm workers were in the midst of a strike against grape growers o Turned to appeal to American consumers in the form of a boycott o Asked people to boycott California grapes o Lasted for around 5 years - The American Indian Movement o Indians were getting mad because they weren’t being given the money they were promised o Late 1960s, early 1970s o They formed as an organization because native Americans in cities were starting to face racial minority issues such as segregation and issues getting jobs o Policed the police and went on to deal with issues with government treaties and reservation issues - Michael Faith o Was stabbed after months of tension between black and white students of South Boston High School o He was white - Chicago Freedom Movement o Was different than other previous freedom movements because it was in the north o First of MLKs campaigns in the north o Worked with Northern employers who wouldn’t higher black people o Weren’t responding to tactics used in the south like sit-ins o People in the North faced different issues in the North and it was harder to address o They faced more violence in the North than in the south and more indifference from people they felt should have been their allies - Sit-ins - Patricia Stephens - Black Power - United Farm Workers - Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) - Alcatraz - The New Left - Students for a Democratic Society - The Counterculture - Timothy Leary
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