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CL 113 Lecture 29

by: Lauren Palermo

CL 113 Lecture 29 CL 113LEC

Lauren Palermo
GPA 4.0

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Myth & Religion Anc World
Woodard, R D
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.

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Date Created: 04/18/16
Lecture 29: 4/13 Book 7 Mahabharata: Drona Book 8 Mahabharata: Karna Book 9 Mahabharata: Salya  All contain battle ground stuf Book 10 Mahabharata: Sleeping warriors  Karuva decimated  Pandauas die—Karuva attack them in their sleep  Pandauas victory Book 11 Mahabharata: Women  Grieving widows and mothers Book 12: Peace  It is all over Book 13: Instructions  Both 12 and 13 are filled with dying remarks of Bhisma Books 14-18  How they make their way to Mt. Meru  Reign of Yudhisthira Indo-European Connections in Mahabharata st  Dharma= 1 function god (first god to be called upon)  Vayu & Indra= 2 ndfunction gods o Vayu-minor god, but was called upon before Indra o Pre-Vedic motif—Vayu being called upon o ‘Rudras’  Asvins= 3 function gods Rudras= Indra-Vayus  Evidence left over—shows that Vayu used to have a lot more importance nd Bhima + Arjuna as 2 function gods  There are 2 diferent types of warriors 1. Bhima type of warriors o Brute, violent o Greek tradition—Heracles 2. Arjuna type of warriors o Introspective, sensitive, worries, master of weapons o Greek tradition—Achilles Pandauas disguised themselves like gods that conceived them (same functions) nd  Arjuna= transvestite—correlates with 2 function of a cross- dressing warrior Inheritance from an earlier time leads to similarities between gods Bhisma + Heimdall  Scandinavian parallel= Heimdall (Viking/Old Norse deity) Their similarities: 1. Sky o Bhisma is a god in human form—he is Dyaus ‘sky god’ o Heimdall dwells on Himinbjorg ‘sky mountain’ o Guardian of the bridge named Bifrost 2. 1 born of principle deities o Bhisma was the 1 born of the principle heroes o Heimdall is the most ancient of the gods (1 born) 3. Last to die in big battles o Bhisma is the last to die (of the principle deities) in the Battle of Kuruksetra o Heimdall is the last to die in the Battle of Ragnarok 4. Three generations of sons o Bhisma raised 3 generations of sons of other men o Heimdall takes on human form—named Rig; he fathers 3 diferent generations of sons (kept a secret) 5. 8/9 o Bhisma is son of 8 or 9 thieves o Heimdall is son of 9 sisters= 9 waves of the sea o Son of 8 and 1 mothers (Triple) 5 Sins of Sisupala (Triple sinning warrior) --Indo-European Motif First sin: Horse o Thest of the horse meant to be sacrificed to Vasudeva o 1 function 2 nd& 3 rd s: Attacked and destroyed city with no warning o 2 ndfunction th th 4 & 5 sin: Stole wives o 3 function—similar to Heracle’s third sin Battle of Kuruksetra and Battle of Ragnarok  They are both battles about how the world will come to an end  Battle of the end of time  Cosmos set on a new course Iranian & Indic are closely related  Made it furthest East—Tocharian with Iranians right behind them  Sanskrit= earliest record  Avestan language= earliest Iranian language Avesta= holy book of Zoroastrian religion  Composed orally- 1200-1100 B.C.  Set of hymns called the Gathas o Oldest portion of the Avesta o Composed by the prophet who founded this religion= Zarathustra o Greeks called him: Zoroaster (where the name of the religion that we use comes from)  Gathic Avestan (or Old Avestan) o Language the hymns are composed in


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