CL 113 Lecture 29
CL 113 Lecture 29 CL 113LEC
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 04/18/16
Lecture 29: 4/13 Book 7 Mahabharata: Drona Book 8 Mahabharata: Karna Book 9 Mahabharata: Salya All contain battle ground stuf Book 10 Mahabharata: Sleeping warriors Karuva decimated Pandauas die—Karuva attack them in their sleep Pandauas victory Book 11 Mahabharata: Women Grieving widows and mothers Book 12: Peace It is all over Book 13: Instructions Both 12 and 13 are filled with dying remarks of Bhisma Books 14-18 How they make their way to Mt. Meru Reign of Yudhisthira Indo-European Connections in Mahabharata st Dharma= 1 function god (first god to be called upon) Vayu & Indra= 2 ndfunction gods o Vayu-minor god, but was called upon before Indra o Pre-Vedic motif—Vayu being called upon o ‘Rudras’ Asvins= 3 function gods Rudras= Indra-Vayus Evidence left over—shows that Vayu used to have a lot more importance nd Bhima + Arjuna as 2 function gods There are 2 diferent types of warriors 1. Bhima type of warriors o Brute, violent o Greek tradition—Heracles 2. Arjuna type of warriors o Introspective, sensitive, worries, master of weapons o Greek tradition—Achilles Pandauas disguised themselves like gods that conceived them (same functions) nd Arjuna= transvestite—correlates with 2 function of a cross- dressing warrior Inheritance from an earlier time leads to similarities between gods Bhisma + Heimdall Scandinavian parallel= Heimdall (Viking/Old Norse deity) Their similarities: 1. Sky o Bhisma is a god in human form—he is Dyaus ‘sky god’ o Heimdall dwells on Himinbjorg ‘sky mountain’ o Guardian of the bridge named Bifrost 2. 1 born of principle deities o Bhisma was the 1 born of the principle heroes o Heimdall is the most ancient of the gods (1 born) 3. Last to die in big battles o Bhisma is the last to die (of the principle deities) in the Battle of Kuruksetra o Heimdall is the last to die in the Battle of Ragnarok 4. Three generations of sons o Bhisma raised 3 generations of sons of other men o Heimdall takes on human form—named Rig; he fathers 3 diferent generations of sons (kept a secret) 5. 8/9 o Bhisma is son of 8 or 9 thieves o Heimdall is son of 9 sisters= 9 waves of the sea o Son of 8 and 1 mothers (Triple) 5 Sins of Sisupala (Triple sinning warrior) --Indo-European Motif First sin: Horse o Thest of the horse meant to be sacrificed to Vasudeva o 1 function 2 nd& 3 rd s: Attacked and destroyed city with no warning o 2 ndfunction th th 4 & 5 sin: Stole wives o 3 function—similar to Heracle’s third sin Battle of Kuruksetra and Battle of Ragnarok They are both battles about how the world will come to an end Battle of the end of time Cosmos set on a new course Iranian & Indic are closely related Made it furthest East—Tocharian with Iranians right behind them Sanskrit= earliest record Avestan language= earliest Iranian language Avesta= holy book of Zoroastrian religion Composed orally- 1200-1100 B.C. Set of hymns called the Gathas o Oldest portion of the Avesta o Composed by the prophet who founded this religion= Zarathustra o Greeks called him: Zoroaster (where the name of the religion that we use comes from) Gathic Avestan (or Old Avestan) o Language the hymns are composed in
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