CH. 16 Gen Psych
CH. 16 Gen Psych PSY2012
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isabella Morles on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY2012 at University of Florida taught by Professor Kimberly Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 04/18/16
Ch. 16 Treatments of Psychological Disorders Psychotherapy - psychological intervention Emotional Behavioral Interpersonal Different types of psychologists o Clinical psychologist o Psychiatrist o Counseling psychologist o School psychologist o Clinical social worker o Mental health counselor o Psychiatric nurse o Pastoral counselor They all have different degrees and work in different settings and roles. Who seeks treatment o 20% of Americans o Females > makes o Caucasians Americans > other Americans o SES is a factor: insured > uninsured Therapy can benefit all equally Insight therapies Looking at inkblots is top down processing Goal = expand self-awareness Psychodynamic/psychoanalytic approach Problems stem from childhood trauma "Cure" = gain insight into unconsciousness Analyze Avoid thoughts Wishes and fantasies Past events Therapeutic relationship Psychoanalysis: One of the first types of therapy: Freud Make unconscious conscious Problems stem from childhood 6 core techniques Progression Core techniques: 1. Free association - say what comes to mind 2. Interpretation- analyze unconscious motives for behavior 3. Dream analysis - assess with client the symbolic meanings 4. Resistance - avoidance of further exploration of u cackle 5. Transference- projecting past issues on to therapist 6. Working through - final stage Psychoanalysis: Freudian: Sexuality Aggression Psychodynamic/psychoanalytic approach Therapist driven o Tells client whys of behavior o Tells client how to fix problems Neo-Freudian (after) approach Carl Jung Harry Sullivan Still psychoanalytic Still focus on insight Still therapist driven Differences between Neo Freudian and Psychoanalytic Neo Freudian is More focus on conscious (less unconscious) Added socio-cultural aspects Neo Freudian Approach Sociocultural approach to psychodynamics Sex and aggression AND Power Love Dependence Status Carl Jung Individuation- assimilation of parts of a whole balance 'whole' Past experience And future goals Talked more about: persona o Mask = balance with true self and social acceptance o Balance between conscious and unconscious Interpersonal therapy Harry Sullivan o Depression therapy Resolve interpersonal conflicts Enhance social skills Short term (12-16 sessions) Humanistic therapies Goals = self-acceptance and develop full potential Human nature is basically positive With help of therapist... Client directed Client tells whys of behavior Client tells how to fix problems Person centered theory 1. Client/therapist relationship 2. Focus on client goals 3. Client directed solutions 4. We are our own best therapists We are resistance to change Motivational interviewing o Genuine (authentic) o Unconditional positive regard (no judgements) o Empathetic reflection = mirror client feelings Gestalt therapy Goal = integrate aspect of personality to unify 'whole' self Unawareness cause of anxiety Taking responsibility for our own lives Living in the present Two chair (Empty chair) technique - talk to an empty chair thinking it’s your other side of feelings Awareness Acceptance Express feelings (okay to feel sad) Success= Think more realistically Become more tolerant of others Engage in more adaptive behaviors Group therapies More than one person at a time (~3-20) With or without a therapist Became popular o With higher demand o Lower cost About as helpful as individual treatment Self-Help groups Alcoholics Anonymous 12 step program No professional therapist Peers with similar problems Social support Family therapies Goal = modify family interaction and problem solving Strategic interventions: Therapist provide directives (exercises to engage in) Structured therapy: Therapist immerses self in family structure Behavior therapies Goal = change behavior >>> change how you think and feel Focus on specific problem behaviors Application of basic learning principles (reinforcement) Effective for anxiety disorders (OCD, PTSD, phobias) Exposure therapies: confront clients with their fears Systematic desensitization- gradually exposed to anxiety situations o Reciprocal inhibition- can't be anxious and relaxed at same time o Counter conditioning: pairing relaxation response with anxiety Response prevention therapy- exposure to fears all at once o Virtual reality therapy - same thing - just high tech o Flooding: exposed to high anxiety stimuli Fears due to avoidance Jump right in Participant modeling o Therapists demonstrates o Guide client through steps o Client practices o Effective for social skills training Operant conditioning Taken economies- rewards for desirable behaviors o Often with children (stickers, rewards) Aversion therapies (e.g. Antabuse) Cognitive behavior therapies Goal = changing thinking >>> change behavior All share three core assumptions Cognition are identifiable and measurable Cognition are key to psychological functioning Irrational thinking replaced by more adaptive cognitions Rational emotive behavior therapy (rebt) Beliefs >>> feelings about consequences of event Disturbance is result of frequency X (times) strength of irrational beliefs A. Activating event B. Beliefs C. Consequences D. Dispute beliefs E. adopt more Effective beliefs Cognitive therapy (CT) Goals: Identify irrational thoughts Modify long held beliefs Effective for depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia Acceptance and commitment therapy (act) Goal- ***thoughts are NOT facts **** Mindfulness - awareness of all aspects of experience Meditation accept that you have these thoughts -but act in relation to goals Psychopharmacology Use of medications to directly alter brain chemistry Don't know exactly why these work Come with side effects Antidepressants are the most commonly prescribed meds for adults Meds available to treat most disorders o Antianxiety o Antidepressants o Mood stabilizers o Antipsychotics o Psychostimulants
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