New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

CH. 16 Gen Psych

by: Isabella Morles

CH. 16 Gen Psych PSY2012

Isabella Morles

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

last set of class notes, all in the final (ch.9-16)
General Psychology
Professor Kimberly Smith
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in General Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isabella Morles on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY2012 at University of Florida taught by Professor Kimberly Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Florida.


Reviews for CH. 16 Gen Psych


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/18/16
Ch. 16 Treatments of Psychological Disorders Psychotherapy - psychological intervention  Emotional  Behavioral  Interpersonal Different types of psychologists o Clinical psychologist o Psychiatrist o Counseling psychologist o School psychologist o Clinical social worker o Mental health counselor o Psychiatric nurse o Pastoral counselor They all have different degrees and work in different settings and roles. Who seeks treatment o 20% of Americans o Females > makes o Caucasians Americans > other Americans o SES is a factor: insured > uninsured Therapy can benefit all equally Insight therapies Looking at inkblots is top down processing Goal = expand self-awareness Psychodynamic/psychoanalytic approach  Problems stem from childhood trauma  "Cure" = gain insight into unconsciousness Analyze  Avoid thoughts  Wishes and fantasies  Past events  Therapeutic relationship Psychoanalysis:  One of the first types of therapy: Freud  Make unconscious conscious  Problems stem from childhood 6 core techniques Progression Core techniques: 1. Free association - say what comes to mind 2. Interpretation- analyze unconscious motives for behavior 3. Dream analysis - assess with client the symbolic meanings 4. Resistance - avoidance of further exploration of u cackle 5. Transference- projecting past issues on to therapist 6. Working through - final stage Psychoanalysis: Freudian:  Sexuality  Aggression Psychodynamic/psychoanalytic approach  Therapist driven o Tells client whys of behavior o Tells client how to fix problems Neo-Freudian (after) approach  Carl Jung  Harry Sullivan  Still psychoanalytic  Still focus on insight  Still therapist driven Differences between Neo Freudian and Psychoanalytic  Neo Freudian is More focus on conscious (less unconscious)  Added socio-cultural aspects Neo Freudian Approach Sociocultural approach to psychodynamics Sex and aggression AND  Power  Love  Dependence  Status Carl Jung  Individuation- assimilation of parts of a whole balance 'whole'  Past experience  And future goals  Talked more about: persona o Mask = balance with true self and social acceptance o Balance between conscious and unconscious Interpersonal therapy  Harry Sullivan o Depression therapy  Resolve interpersonal conflicts  Enhance social skills  Short term (12-16 sessions) Humanistic therapies Goals = self-acceptance and develop full potential Human nature is basically positive With help of therapist...  Client directed  Client tells whys of behavior  Client tells how to fix problems Person centered theory 1. Client/therapist relationship 2. Focus on client goals 3. Client directed solutions 4. We are our own best therapists We are resistance to change  Motivational interviewing o Genuine (authentic) o Unconditional positive regard (no judgements) o Empathetic  reflection = mirror client feelings Gestalt therapy Goal = integrate aspect of personality to unify 'whole' self Unawareness cause of anxiety  Taking responsibility for our own lives  Living in the present  Two chair (Empty chair) technique - talk to an empty chair thinking it’s your other side of feelings Awareness Acceptance Express feelings (okay to feel sad) Success=  Think more realistically  Become more tolerant of others  Engage in more adaptive behaviors Group therapies  More than one person at a time (~3-20)  With or without a therapist  Became popular o With higher demand o Lower cost  About as helpful as individual treatment Self-Help groups Alcoholics Anonymous  12 step program  No professional therapist  Peers with similar problems  Social support Family therapies Goal = modify family interaction and problem solving Strategic interventions: Therapist provide directives (exercises to engage in) Structured therapy: Therapist immerses self in family structure Behavior therapies Goal = change behavior >>> change how you think and feel  Focus on specific problem behaviors  Application of basic learning principles (reinforcement)  Effective for anxiety disorders (OCD, PTSD, phobias) Exposure therapies: confront clients with their fears  Systematic desensitization- gradually exposed to anxiety situations o Reciprocal inhibition- can't be anxious and relaxed at same time o Counter conditioning: pairing relaxation response with anxiety  Response prevention therapy- exposure to fears all at once o Virtual reality therapy - same thing - just high tech o Flooding: exposed to high anxiety stimuli  Fears due to avoidance  Jump right in  Participant modeling o Therapists demonstrates o Guide client through steps o Client practices o Effective for social skills training Operant conditioning  Taken economies- rewards for desirable behaviors o Often with children (stickers, rewards)  Aversion therapies (e.g. Antabuse) Cognitive behavior therapies Goal = changing thinking >>> change behavior All share three core assumptions  Cognition are identifiable and measurable  Cognition are key to psychological functioning  Irrational thinking replaced by more adaptive cognitions Rational emotive behavior therapy (rebt) Beliefs >>> feelings about consequences of event Disturbance is result of frequency X (times) strength of irrational beliefs A. Activating event B. Beliefs C. Consequences D. Dispute beliefs E. adopt more Effective beliefs Cognitive therapy (CT) Goals:  Identify irrational thoughts  Modify long held beliefs Effective for depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia Acceptance and commitment therapy (act) Goal- ***thoughts are NOT facts **** Mindfulness - awareness of all aspects of experience  Meditation  accept that you have these thoughts -but act in relation to goals Psychopharmacology Use of medications to directly alter brain chemistry  Don't know exactly why these work  Come with side effects  Antidepressants are the most commonly prescribed meds for adults  Meds available to treat most disorders o Antianxiety o Antidepressants o Mood stabilizers o Antipsychotics o Psychostimulants


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.