New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Lecture 04/06

by: Viktoryia Zhuleva

Lecture 04/06 ANTH 10000

Viktoryia Zhuleva
GPA 3.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Lecture 04/06
Dr. Richard Blanton
Class Notes
Anthropology, Purdue
25 ?




Popular in Anthropology

Popular in Liberal Arts

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Viktoryia Zhuleva on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 10000 at Purdue University taught by Dr. Richard Blanton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Anthropology in Liberal Arts at Purdue University.


Reviews for Lecture 04/06


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/18/16
Lecture 04/06 How is society Governed when there is no state?  small ­scale societies often lack a structure of authority able to settle disputes through  adjudication  Would societies lacking a governing authority devolve into persistent state of conflict  between factions ­ or even feuding, and be plagued by crime?  Sawahili Lamu AD 1000-1900  How to incorporate a culturally diverse society (Islamic, African, and South Asian immigrants and cultures)? Unilineal descent reckoning was not an option  Sawahili refers to a society that is part of African Swahili Lamu  To maintain order in a diverse society: o Divide society into two groups (miety organizations), each with its own governing councils and supreme courts o Side A="old" money, long-standing, strongly Arabized families o Side B="new" money based on trade; recent immigrants, many from Africa or South Asia  Neighbourhouds elected representatives to a council, on of each moiety half  The two main councils elected representatives to serve as the polity's principal administrator in rotation with the other moiety half )four- year terms) to run the government on a day-to-day basis  Bu important decisions had to be approved by the opposite moiety half Moiety as an Organization Structure  Moieties are common in societies in the size range of +/- 10,000  Moieties allow for power-sharing that gives voice to diverse fractions  Friendly competition (in Lamu, wrestling matches asn poetry contests) between moiety halves emphasizes unity within diversity Cheyenne Native Americans of the High Plains. The period described: Late 18 to Mid-19 th Centuries  18 and 19 centuries – much wealth on the high plains – bison fur was exported in exchange for horses and European goods (including guns)  Increased wasfare among the different tribes and among fractions led by wealthy fur traders (A faction is a voluntary organization that forms for purpose) How to build a viable Cheyenne society in light of the wrowing wealth, inequality, warfare and competition resources?  Cheyenne ethnigenesis focused on building up the sense of Cheyenne identity and a person's obligations to society (group orientation), whil not entirely limitins the actions of wealthy factions leaders (self orientation)  The solution was fro people to have two identities: 1. A competetive, warlike one (winter phase) that allowed maximum expression of wealth accumulation and competition (this was also the time when bison fur was thickest and most valuabble) 2. A group-orieneted identity that emphasized each person's obligation to the group (the Cheyenne tribe) (summer phase) Summer Phase  All Cheyenne join at campground  Ritual cycles emphasize cheyenne origins and culture – thus emphasizing group identity over self Cheyenne Council of 44 Chiefs  Ambitious, wealthy faction leaders were selected to serve on the governing council for 5 years term  As chiefs they must 1. Behave generally 2. Cease participation in wars 3. Emphasize civic identity and service above self  Trust in the council is based on their "costly signaling" of devotion to office The leagues of the Five Iroquois Tribes  16 through 18 century fur trade was a source of wealth but also competition and warfare among Native American groups Leagues of the Iroquois as an Early Form of "Federalist" Goevernance  How to incorporate the independednt tribes into a viable government that could benefit all  The solution was to allow each tribe to maintain most aspects of self governance while selecting representatives (sachems) to serve on the League Council (50 named offices) League of the Iroquois  The League's functions were restricted to matters of warfare, diplomacy, and trade, representing the five tribes as a unified whole; sechens were expected to work for the benefit of all five tribes League of the Iroquis  Men chosen to represent clans on the League council (chosen by leading women of each matriclan) were not allowed to serve in military capacities  Wars were fought by "Pine Tree Chiefs" - great warriors who were selected to organize wars but were not council members  All council decisions have to be unanimous


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.