CL 113 Lecture 31
CL 113 Lecture 31 CL 113LEC
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 284 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 04/18/16
Lecture 31. 4/18/16 Following demise of Zarathustra—old ideas make their way into the New/Young Avestan Mithra remerges as a very important deity 1. Moved into the realm of the 2 ndfunction; becomes a warrior god o Avestan name “Mithra” is cognate with Sanskrit name Mitra (who is a 1 function god) o Zara tried to diminish Mithra—but he reappears o Mitra represents legal aspect of first function in Indic o Avestan Mithra ‘contract’ 2. Mithra expands into realm of the 1 function o Mithra has become the punishing deity Sends out spies/watches o Takes Varuna’s first function role as the punisher o Makes the rains to fall—powers have expanded Yast 10.I (hymn) o Zarathustra says “Mithra is as worthy of worship as Ahura Mazdah is himself” (god of all gods) Iranian Ahura Mazdah counterpart = Indic Varuna (Pieces of evidence) Asura Varuna (he is sometimes called this) 1. Medhira= SKRT ‘wise’ Rig Veda described quality of Varuna means ‘wise’ Mazdah means ‘lord, wise’ 2. Asa ‘truth’ Attribute of Ahura Mazdah Rta ‘truth’ and ‘order’ o Varuna is associated with rta ‘order’ which is a cognate of asa Proto-Indo-Iranian God Indic—known as Varuna Iran—known as Ahura Mazdah o Asa Vahista 3. Compounds with divine names Indic 2 ndfunction are called Rudra o Indra-Vayus (sometimes we use their names compounded to classify the 2 ndfunction of society) Skrt: Mitra-Varuna Avestan: Mithra-Ahura Mitra corresponds to Mithra Varuna corresponds to Ahura (Zara demonizing gods caused Mithra to be part of 2 nd function warriors) Vayu Avestan and Sanskrit name are the same o 1 warrior god to be called upon in Mahabharata for Pandu Cannot be demonized Splits Vayu into 2: good Vayu and evil Vayu (just like he did to the Asvins) Wind god o Good wind/evil wind Verethragna Warrior god Not demonized by Zara Sanskrit cognate= Vrtrahan ‘slayer of Vrtra’ (Indra’s great deed) o Iranian counterpart of Vrtrahan 1 element of Indra—this element could not be demonized —it was spun off as an independent deity o A warrior god who survived reform Irish Belongs to Celtic sub-family Western most language (Iranian is eastern most) Italic people (Romans) Celtic sub-family and Italic sub-family are closely related o Italo-Celtic (reconstructed proto-Celtic-italic language)
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