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CL 113 Lecture 31

by: Lauren Palermo

CL 113 Lecture 31 CL 113LEC

Lauren Palermo
GPA 4.0

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Myth & Religion Anc World
Woodard, R D
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 284 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.

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Date Created: 04/18/16
Lecture 31. 4/18/16 Following demise of Zarathustra—old ideas make their way into the New/Young Avestan  Mithra remerges as a very important deity 1. Moved into the realm of the 2 ndfunction; becomes a warrior god o Avestan name “Mithra” is cognate with Sanskrit name Mitra (who is a 1 function god) o Zara tried to diminish Mithra—but he reappears o Mitra represents legal aspect of first function in Indic o Avestan Mithra ‘contract’ 2. Mithra expands into realm of the 1 function o Mithra has become the punishing deity  Sends out spies/watches o Takes Varuna’s first function role as the punisher o Makes the rains to fall—powers have expanded Yast 10.I (hymn) o Zarathustra says “Mithra is as worthy of worship as Ahura Mazdah is himself” (god of all gods) Iranian Ahura Mazdah counterpart = Indic Varuna (Pieces of evidence) Asura Varuna (he is sometimes called this) 1. Medhira= SKRT ‘wise’  Rig Veda described quality of Varuna means ‘wise’  Mazdah means ‘lord, wise’ 2. Asa ‘truth’  Attribute of Ahura Mazdah  Rta ‘truth’ and ‘order’ o Varuna is associated with rta ‘order’ which is a cognate of asa Proto-Indo-Iranian God  Indic—known as Varuna  Iran—known as Ahura Mazdah o Asa Vahista 3. Compounds with divine names  Indic 2 ndfunction are called Rudra o Indra-Vayus (sometimes we use their names compounded to classify the 2 ndfunction of society)  Skrt: Mitra-Varuna  Avestan: Mithra-Ahura  Mitra corresponds to Mithra  Varuna corresponds to Ahura  (Zara demonizing gods caused Mithra to be part of 2 nd function warriors) Vayu  Avestan and Sanskrit name are the same o 1 warrior god to be called upon in Mahabharata for Pandu  Cannot be demonized  Splits Vayu into 2: good Vayu and evil Vayu (just like he did to the Asvins)  Wind god o Good wind/evil wind Verethragna  Warrior god  Not demonized by Zara  Sanskrit cognate= Vrtrahan ‘slayer of Vrtra’ (Indra’s great deed) o Iranian counterpart of Vrtrahan  1 element of Indra—this element could not be demonized —it was spun off as an independent deity o A warrior god who survived reform Irish  Belongs to Celtic sub-family  Western most language (Iranian is eastern most)  Italic people (Romans)  Celtic sub-family and Italic sub-family are closely related o Italo-Celtic (reconstructed proto-Celtic-italic language) 


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