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Pre-Modern World History, Week 13 Notes

by: Sierra Notetaker

Pre-Modern World History, Week 13 Notes HIST-1111

Marketplace > Augusta State University > Global Studies > HIST-1111 > Pre Modern World History Week 13 Notes
Sierra Notetaker
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About this Document

These notes go over what we went over in class in week 13.
Pre-Mod World Civilization
Sandrine Catris
Class Notes
history, world
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sierra Notetaker on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST-1111 at Augusta State University taught by Sandrine Catris in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Pre-Mod World Civilization in Global Studies at Augusta State University.


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Date Created: 04/18/16
Pre­Modern World History Week 13 Notes Monday: The Tang Dynasty Anti­Buddhist Campaigns  During the Tang, Buddhism became popular.  Daoist & Confucian leaders feared they were losing influence over the people. They  claimed that Buddhism was against tradition because the nuns/monks didn’t have  families and they shaved their heads.  Rulers feared Buddhism could be a threat because religious loyalty could be above  political loyalty. They claimed Buddhists were conspiring against the empire: The Three  Destructions.   Wuzong started Buddhist persecution.   Confucians and Daoists were a part of the Chinese bureaucracy.   Buddhism became weak when it was attacked by Wuzong.  New Agricultural Techniques  New farming equipment.   Oxen & Buffaloes.   Used manure to enrich the soil.   Had extensive irrigation systems, like water pumps.   There was a growth of food supply.  Economic Growth  The vast majority of wealth came from agriculture.  st  Commerce grew and merchants expanded: Merchants created the 1  paper currency in  their own form.   This could be bad because of forgery and confusion.  New Technology  Daoist Alchemists created gun powder. Gun powder was created. It was originally used  for fire­works, not warfare.   The first printing started in China on blocks of wood.  11  century movable type in China.  Art and Literature  The Tang dynasty put much effort into the art and literature.   Paintings had political and educational purposes.   This was the golden age of poetry. There was a drunk poet.   The Tang spent time and money supporting artists.  Chang’an  The Abbasid Empire was close in borders to the Tang Empire.  Early Kingdoms in Korea 3 Kingdoms: Konguryo, Paekje, and Silla.  These kingdoms coexisted in Korea and were connected through language.  Konguryo was closer to china and adopted some of their culture.  Konguryo   Several times Chinese tried to invade but Konguryo remained independent.   Claimed to be tributary to China: Agreed to be “inferior” but Chinese painted them as  equal.   There are debates on how the people came about.   Pyramid burials.  Paekje  First Korean kingdom to adopt Buddhism.   Sent people to Japan to observe and there is a lot of evidence in Japan of Paekje styled  art.   Learned from both places.   Paekje influenced Japan.   Was destroyed by the Silla Kingdom and Tang Dynasty alliance in 660 AD. Silla  There was unification of the Korean peninsula under Silla rule.  Further from Chinese culture.   Very smart and strategic: Allied with Tang against Paekje.   After the unification the Tang troops wouldn’t leave because Tang wanted to keep  control of Korea. But eventually the Silla threw out the Tang.   Gyeongju was the capital.  There was Chinese art influence in Korea.  Social Hierarchy & Administration in Silla  You must be born into the government.  Strict intermarriages among nobles.   Yangban existed, but only those born noble could participate.  Japan  Ties with Korea and tomb builders.   The Uji: tribal clans.  Yamato: Great Kings  Majority group were building tombs in Korea.   Shinto: Native Religion of Japan.   Kami (a person who achieved great things; nature and humans): Spirit gods. Yamato Period C. 300­710 AD.   Kofun: Giant tomb mounds.   Military aristocracy.   Imported Chinese culture through Korea.   Mounts are sacred, no archeology has been allowed.   Imperfect writing system.  Prince Shotoku   A regent from the Chinese Emperor, and wrote the 1  Japanese document that was a 17  article state constitution.   During the reign of Empress Suiko.   Influenced to adopt Chinese calendar & belief & adapted them to fit society.   Sponsored Buddhism.   Seen as a kami; deified in death.  Asuka Period 645­710 AD.   Imperial power was established.   It has always been the same family bloodline.   Government has changed.   Greater centralization by the Taika Reform Edict (control over the state).   Studied Chinese & Korean text.   Emperor ruled by decree with absolute power and claimed descent from Amaretsu, who  was allegedly the sun goddess.   Emperor ruled the state and was the religious leader.   Buddhism grows.  Nara Period 710­784 AD.  Same imperial period, different names.   2 per period: one for the emperor and one for the state.   End of Yamato established a new capital at Nara.   Mandate from heaven: The difference between this one and China’s: This mandate  cannot be lost.   They’d adopt and change Chinese tradition to strengthen imperial rule.  Legal Code Taiho Code established in 702 AD.  Similar to the Tang 3 Level Divisions: provinces, districts, and villages.  Taxes paid in grain, textile, and labor. So, the heaviest tax burden was on the backs of  farmers.  Kojik: Account of Ancient Matters: 1  work of history written by Japanese about  themselves. Oldest book. Charlemagne’s Empire Western Europe; after Rome falls, franks invade.  Charlemagne was King of the Franks.  He creates a “holy” Roman Empire.  Spain was under Muslim rule: the “moor”  Holy Roman Empire moves to central Europe and changes, but it lasts.  Charlemagne’s grandfather, Charles Martel, stopped the Arab conquest of the Frankish  Kingdom.  Thought of himself as the protector of the church.  Controlled much of Western Europe by 802.


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