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SOCL 2001 Week 12 Notes

by: Ashley Bourgeois

SOCL 2001 Week 12 Notes 2001

Marketplace > Louisiana State University > Sociology > 2001 > SOCL 2001 Week 12 Notes
Ashley Bourgeois
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About this Document

SOCL 2001 with Gremillion. Cover Chapter 10 / Poverty Notes!
Skylar Gremillion
Class Notes
poverty, sociology




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Bourgeois on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2001 at Louisiana State University taught by Skylar Gremillion in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see in Sociology at Louisiana State University.


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Date Created: 04/18/16
SOCL 2001 Week 12 Notes: Chapter 10 – Poverty VIDEO ABOUT TAMMY  Awareness of their particular class system o Older son thought that the way he dressed/acted could put himself in a higher class  However, the way he referred to a bachelor’s degree – he has no idea how any of that works.  He had a limited experience of how to talk about college  How is this guy going to pay for college?  His mom cannot help him with getting into/to college  You don’t realize how your social class status can help you or hurt you in certain processes  He made fun of how his brother dressed, but his friend was dressed the exact same way  Different from Louisiana, “we” think of poverty as being more in African American communities, but up north it’s very much white rural families o Tammy got off welfare, but she now walks 10 miles to her job at Burger King everyday.  Poverty is consistently more complex than people think, and solving it is considerably more difficult to solve o Tammy talks about becoming a teacher some day  She doesn’t have a vehicle  Has to pay for the credentials  Had to get transportation to this job  People often talk about poverty as if these people work harder, they’ll do fine o Sometimes, that may be the case o But, poverty isn’t a one-case thing. Each person living in poverty got there in a different way  Poverty and fertility correlation o Tammy’s dad had 22 kids and was poor o No mention at all of Tammy’s husband  No mention of kids’ father in any way, shape, or form  Single motherhood / lack of being married is correlated in poverty ▯ ▯ ▯ POVERTY  Condition of deprivation due to economic circumstances o Severe enough that one cannot live with dignity in society  There are poor people who DO feel they have dignity… ▯ ▯ ▯ POVERTY LINE  When we think of people who are poor in America, o We have access to things like temp. cell phones, temp. shelter, etc. o People in other countries who are poor do not have these resources.  The government usually estimates absolute poverty o When income falls too low to purchase enough food to sustain a household  Federally defined income limit o Assumed food is 1/3 of your expenses  Critique o Families living above the poverty line cannot necessarily support themselves  Food costs have decreased, but the cost of living (rent utilities, etc.) has increased  46.2 million people are in poverty. ▯ ▯ ▯ POVERTY AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS  Poverty connected to crime, poor educational outcomes, divorce  In 1960s, Lyndon B. Johnson est. a “war on poverty” o Debate in America: Is poverty the cause or effect of social ills?  Inequality, education, individual factors all weigh in together on a number of circumstances  There are a lot of questionable decisions people have to make when they are ill-informed and do not know what to do ▯ ▯ ▯ CULTURE OF POVERTY THEORY  The poor adopt certain practices, which differ from middle- class, “mainstream” society, to adapt and survive o Could lead to illegal work  Selling drugs  Working for cash o Could mean multi-generational living  Nursing homes are usually for middle-class families o Could mean multi-family households o Could mean serial relationships in place of a long-term stable marriage  Education and marriage correlate really well with long term economic success o Impoverished population varies  It is not just one “type’ of people o Swapping  Exchange time, money, etc. to cover temporary shortfalls  Ex: Neighbors will swap child care with each other  In the 1970s-1980s, we start to see that people think of people who are poor and/or homeless as “different”  Notes that often times, there are compromises that have to be made to have a solutions  Underclass o The poor are not only different, but increasingly deviant, even dangerous  Respond to perverse incentives of welfare o Rewards that stimulate counterproductive behavior  Getting people a steady income / the ability to feed themselves with welfare may not actually give them access to changing their lives (how they will get around, how to apply skills to get an education, how to get a job)  William Julius Wilson o Deemphasized welfare, said urban poverty caused by a confluence of several social situations  (1) Deindustrialization  The act of ending the production of goods and services  (2) Globalization  Factors into deindustrialization  Whole world (a lot of countries) being connected by trade  Ex. Calling tech support in India (used to be a joke)  (3) Suburbanization  People moved to suburbs and commuted to the city  This is all fine and good but… o You have to afford the gas to commute o Have the job in the city o So the economy has to be going well for all this to happen  (4) Discrimination Child Poverty Rate – 22% o Because of the way often impoverished familieis are structured, the number of poor children outnumber the number of poor adults o Children in centers or foster care or even being raised by their grandparents o Intergenerational theory of poverty  Children who grow up in poverty usually pass it down o These children have behavioral, psychological, etc. as effects from being impoverished o 3 theories:  (1) Kids are deprived of basic necessities  Proper nutrition, proper healthcare, basic necessities we often take for granted  Afterhours clinics could cost a lot if one doesn’t have insurance  They have to eat things like rice, ramen noodles, hot dogs, etc. because people who are impoverished cannot afford fruits and vegetables  (2) Parenting stress hypothesis  Stress of poverty leads to detrimental practices (shouting, hitting)  It causes parents to take it out on their children  Parents who have lower income jobs don’t have a lot of autonomy, they’ll get critiqued and then critique their children in the same way  (3) Personal characteristics that cause poverty also cause negative parenting  Whatever caused the parent to be poor could then make them a bad/abusive parent  Problematic b/c of the wide variety of people who are in poverty  Someone who may not invest in their job may not invest in their child In the same way, someone who is not physically able to go to a job may not be physically able


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