History 150: The 'Blitz" of London
History 150: The 'Blitz" of London 150
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Monday April 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 04/18/16
4/18/16: The Blitz of London The ‘Blitz’ of London. ***test questions*** September 7, 1940—The ‘Blitz’ of London began in the East End of London. o The East End of London was the center for all shipment and storage of materials. o Hundreds of German planes filled the sky, London was bombed for a further 56 nights in a row. Hitler believed the people would panic and convince their government to surrender to him. 430 people killed. 1,600 people were seriously injured. 1,000s made homeless. o ¼ million people were homeless after the first six weeks of the ‘Blitz’. o 1.5 million homeless by May 1941. Sporadic bombing continued through May 1941. o Continued for 12 hours. Physical destruction—notable landmarks damaged. Tower of London. House of Commons. The British Library. The iconic image: St. Paul’s Cathedral—December 29, 1940 raid. o “The miracle at St. Paul’s.” o Suggested that London is being damaged but it is still standing. Gas supplies, water pipes, electricity lines were all damaged. o How did people cope during the ‘Blitz’? Account by Barbara Nixon (extract in this file). They formed groups and found shelters to go to. Life is still going on despite the bombings. People think they will be safer underground. Attracted attention from the government. Sheltering in the London Underground. Expanded bathroom facilities. Erected bunk beds to sleep more comfortably. Special refreshment cars traveled from station to station. Sent entertainment. Edward R. Murrow (extract). Business carried on as usual. People adapted to their surroundings. Spent the night underground and adapted to life above ground. Casualties—c. 20,000 Londoners were killed. 1 4/18/16: The Blitz of London Far less had been killed than expected. The Eastern Front: The Invasion of the Soviet Union. June 22, 1941—Hitler launched Operation Barbarossa. o The invasion of the Soviet Union. Hitler never intended to abide by the pact he signed. Thought there would be more living space for Germany if they invaded the Soviet Union. Expected a quick defeat. 4 million men. 3,300 tanks. 5,000 aircrafts. Advanced along a 1,800 mile front. September 1941: Germans acquired 900,000 miles of territory in the Soviet Union. Has still not yet defeated the Soviet forces. “General Winter”. o Daytime rarely rose much above 13 degrees. o Nighttime fell as low as 40 degrees. One night reached 76 degrees, o Men literally froze their asses off. 2
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